Technical Rescue SOGs(Paragraphs 1700-2800) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Technical Rescue SOGs(Paragraphs 1700-2800) Deck (125):
1

HFD is mandated by the _____ to conduct
searches on _____ and in the _____.

City Charter
land
ocean

2

Search strategy is decided after the
______, the level of ______ has been
determined, and the search _____, _____,
and _____ have been selected.

gathering of information
urgency
area
perimeter
routes

3

8 pieces of Information for mountain
searches include _____. 8 things

1)patient age/medical hx/physical condition/
state of mind/equipment carried
2)physical/clothing description
3)determining the PLS
4)determining the plan, objective, or
destination.
5)determine alternate plans
6)determine all possible routes
7)interviewing all witnesses
8)recording witness contact info

4

the level of urgency determines whether
or not _____ needs to take place.
It also determines the ______ or ______
operational mode.

immediate action
rescue
recovery

5

10 Issues to consider when determining
urgency include ______. (10 things)

time overdue
time of day
weather
difficulty of terrain
patient age
patient health
patient experience
patient past history
equipment with patient
witness reliability

6

Search perimeters are determined by the
rescue captain and after the area inside
the perimeter has been ______,
it should be _____ and another area _____.

thoroughly searched
temporarily eliminated
selected

7

Many ocean victims are found _____.

near the PLS

8

disoriented people tend to travel _____.

downhill and downstream

9

deceased people tend to be found _____.

at the base of a vertical drop

10

if a person is not injured, they try _____.

to reach higher ground (generally).

11

10 Common HFD searches

aerial
survey
scratch
saturation
free
line
underwater line
platform
helo night search
extended

12

6 underwater line searches

circular
drag line
half moon
jack stand
pier walk
running line

13

An aerial search is normally conducted by
the _____ and 1 or 2 _____.

pilot
rescue personnel

14

Primary goal of an aerial search is to _____.

find the victim and report the location

15

Aerial searches should be conducted
______ and may include _____ and _____.

rapidly
survey
scratch search methods

16

A survey search is a _____.

quick first-pass that covers a large area.

17

Survey searches over water are
productive in _____.

ocean current lines
offshore rubbish lines
along shorelines
large open areas.

18

Survey searches over land are productive
over _____ and along _____.

large open areas
trails

19

Survey searches are productive at night
if the patient has a _____ or if the pilot
utilizes the ______.

light
FLIR

20

A scratch search is a _____.

rapid, logical search by a small rescue team over routes or locations where the patient might be expected.

21

_____ teams may _____ conduct a scratch
search. one team will conduct an _____
search and the other will be _____.

2
simultaneously
aerial
on land or on the ocean

22

Scratch search can be divided into 2 teams
with 1 heading _____ the trail and the other
heading _____ the trail.

up (to summit, destination, trail end)
down (to trailhead)

23

The objective of the scratch search

quickly check out the areas that have a
relatively high probability of success.

24

A saturation search involves a _____.

a search of all underwater or surface terrain
in a given area.

25

_____ is the key in a saturation search.
you must check as many places as
possible for clues.

thoroughness

26

Saturation searches must be _____. They
tend to be _____.

systematic and methodical
slow and tedious

27

one type of Free search is an _____. It is conducted
when there is an ______ that will _____ the
movement of the rescue diver.

underwater search
extremely restrictive area of debris, roots
growth, objects, and currents
hinder

28

Another type of free search is when _____.
After surfacing, they are taken _____.

2 rescue divers are deployed and drift
down current across the bottom.
back up current to begin again.

29

A line search is when _____

searches form a line close enough together
so that they can see the all the ground
between them.

30

After the line of searchers is created, the
line of searchers start _____.

to move forward at a very slow pace.

31

An underwater line search 2 requirements

a rope or line is used
rescue divers are attached to the rope/line

32

UL-Circular Search

rescue divers swim in concentric circles
over the bottom while tethered to a
central object or another rescue diver.

33

UL-Drag line search

rescue divers hold onto lines that are
attached to the boat and are dragged
at a safe distance from the boat.

34

UL-Half Moon Search

a rescue diver searches from the shore
and searches in a semi-circular motion
from shore to shore.

35

Half moon searches can begin _____ or
they can begin at a ______ and work _____.

at the shore
predetermined distance away from shore
toward the shore

36

Half moon searches allow for a _____ and
is ideal for searching for ____. It also works
well in _____.

faster bottom search
large objects such as automobiles
non-flat contour bottoms.

37

UL-jack stand searches use a ______ no
more than _____ with a _____ weight
attached to each end. Attached to each
weight is a _____ with a _____.

polypropylene line
125'
15-25#
vertical line
float

38

Jack stand searches are accomplished
as the rescue diver follows the line to the
weight. The diver moves the line ______
(how much depends on conditions) and
continues _____ . This process is ______
until a ______.

outward
back down the line to the other weight.
repeated
given area has been searched

39

Jack stands are good when the bottom
contour is _____. They are more effective
when searching for _____. They are not
effective for covering ______.

flat or relatively flat
small objects
a large bottom area quickly

40

UL-Pier walk search

when a line is used to control the distance
of the rescue diver. the line is taken up
incrementally by the rescueman on the pier
or shoreline until a given area is searched.
this rescueman walks parallel with the
diver as they search.

41

Pier walk searches work well when _____

a large area next to a pier or along a
shoreline need to be searched.

42

UL-Running Line Search

this is when a rescue diver searches
straight out from the line anchor point to
a certain distance and returns straight
back to the anchor point. the anchor point
is then shifted 2 feet and the search
continues.

43

Running line searches are good when
_____. This search helps the diver _____ if
necessary and _____ the loss of area
searched.

there is heavy grass or debris
untangle
minimizes

44

If there are strong currents, searches
should be performed _____ whenever
possible.

from a dock, pier, or boat

45

Night searches with the helicopter are
only initiated after _____ unanimously
agree that _____.

the IC, pilot, and Rescue Captain
the risk is acceptable

46

Extended searches take place over _____.
All ______, ______, ______, and _____ shall
be recorded and _____.

several days
activities conducted
areas searched
clues found
information gathered
passed on to oncoming personnel

47

If an extended search will continue after
_____ than approval from the _____ is
required.

3 consecutive days
fire chief or deputy fire chief

48

What can be used to record areas
searched and where clues found?

maps
GPS

49

4 things to pass on regarding search info, include _____.

areas searched
who conducted the search
time of search
type of search

50

Each rescue member is responsible for
_____.

briefing his counterpart

51

Once a patient is located, operations
change from _____ to _____ or ______.

search mode
technical rescue mode
recovery mode

52

3 Rescue mode goals

insertion at or near the patient
patient assessment
extrication ASAP

53

HFD's preferred method of conducting
rescue ops

using the helicopter

54

Who is initially dispatched to all mountain
and ocean rescue incidents?

helicopter
rescue company
1st-in company
1st-in BC

55

"particular" water operations

water ops that require entry into unhealthy
water environment.
water ops that may infringe on private
salvage company responsibilities.

56

5 assessment findings reported to the IC

patient condition
# of patients
risk assessment
recommendation to keep/change IAP
request for resources

57

GPS is used to determine an _____. It is
also used to show _____ and _____. GPS can also be used for _____.

accurate location
the areas searched
location of rescue personnel
ocean navigation

58

bang stick

underwater firearm used for protection

59

compass

navigational aid used to find direction

60

watercraft

small, quick, maneuverable apparatus that
is used for insertion/extraction in rough seas, surf zones, or shallow areas.

61

Dive Propulsion Vehicle

underwater scooter- battery powered
motorized apparatus that is capable of transporting rescue personnel underwater.

62

radar

electronic navigational aid used to
determine locations of objects

63

fish finder

uses sonar to locate objects underwater
and to give depth and bottom contours.

64

Additional Agency Resources

USCG
State Crash
DLNR
MCBH
Ocean Safety
Federal Lifeguards
MAST-Army 68th Med. Detachment Helos
HPD - helicopter and K-9 units

65

Before terminating operations, the IC shall
ensure _____

accountability of all patients and personnel

66

Rescue personnel must _____ the pilot
with preparing the helicopter for a
_____ status.

assist
readiness

67

We can help the pilot with _____.

repacking/setting up the billy pugh net
securing headsets and seatbelts
securing/removing all equipment in the back

68

PIA

post incident analysis

69

PIA is conducted by the _____ and is done
after _____.

rescue captain
every incident

70

PIAs should include _____.

all personnel assigned to the incident.

71

PIAs for extended searches require _____.

notification of Fire 3

72

The _____ shall coordinate the PIA with all
other ICs and Rescue Captains involved in
_____.

initial IC
extended searches

73

_____ authorizes all compensations for PIAs

Fire 3

74

9 steps taken prior to boat launching

position apparatus and trailer
disconnect bow from trailer
remove tie-down straps
prepare bow/stern lines
place bumpers if necessary
load equipment
batteries "on"
turn on electronic devices/raise antennas
insert hull plugs if applicable

75

boat launching requires 4 personnel. they
perform the following:

apparatus operator
boat operator
bow line man
stern line man

76

The bow line and the stern line men bring
the boat _____.

alongside the pier/dock

77

7 seamanship skills required to operate an
HFD boat

launching/docking boat
handling two engines
using the helm(wheel) to turn the boat
using the engines to turn the boat
slowing/stopping boat
operating safely around rescue divers
approaching/retrieving rescue personnel

78

4 docking skills required to operate an HFD
boat

unassisted docking
docking with bow line assistance
docking with stern line assistance
docking utilizing "spring" lines

79

In heavy seas, you may have to meet
waves at around _____ to make headway
and reduce hull stress.

45 degrees

80

"heave to"

to adjust your heading just a few degrees
so that you can use just enough power
to make headway

81

"meeting each wave"

during heavy seas, nurse the wheel, adjust
speed subtlely, stopping if necessary, and
meet each wave individually.

82

adjusting the trim

raises the bow up or down. is done as is
necessary

83

tacking across the troughs is _____.

making the turn for your zigzag as quickly
as possible in the trough and taking swells
at a 45 degree angle while maintaining
your heading.

84

When tacking, use the _____ amount of
turns as possible to minimize time in the
trough.

fewest

85

If seas or swells are coming from directly
behind the boat you may _____ as long as
you can maintain heading.

run before the seas

86

Avoid _____ when coming down slope of
swell towards the trough.

digging in or broaching

87

broaching could lead to the boat _____ if
the swell catches the stern.

pitching end over end

88

chine walking is common to _____ hulls.

V-shaped

89

chine

where the bottom of the hull meets the
sides of the hull.

90

try to minimize having the _____ dig into
water during turns. this could potentially
cause _____.

chines
rollovers

91

chine walking is when _____.

when the boat rocks side to side from
chine to chine as the hull slips on the
water. if not controlled it could lead to
rollover.

92

chine walking is best controlled by
_____. It can also be controlled by _____.

slowing down
small steering corrections, trim correction,
or both.

93

porpoising

the rhythmic up and down motion of the
bow that is not caused by the wave action.

94

porpoising is normally caused by _____.
(3 things)

trim errors, weight distribution too far aft,
or hull design

95

navigational aids that have # begin in
sequence at the _____ of an inlet or channel.

seaward end

96

right side aids are ____ with ____ lights
and have ____. _____ are used on the
right side

red
red
even #s
nun buoys

97

left side aids are ____ with ____ lights
and have ____. _____ are used on the
left side.

green
green
odd #s
can buoys

98

port =
starboard =

left
right

99

Can buoys

cylindrical can shaped buoys

100

nun buoys

cylindrical cone shaped buoys

101

lighted buoys have ____ with a ____ atop.

short metal skeletons
light

102

lighted buoys can be either _____.

red and even or green and odd

103

What buoys mark the middle of the channel?

black and white or red and black can or
nun buoys

104

buoys that mark the middle of the channel
have _____ lights and are _____.

white
lettered

105

black and white buoys are ____.

vertically striped

106

red and black buoys are ____.

horizontally striped

107

informational, advisory, and regulatory
buoys have _____.

orange stripes on the top and bottom of the
buoy

108

daymarks are also used as navigational
aids within _____.

channels or inlets

109

daymarks are either _____ or _____.

triangular and red with even #
square and green with odd #

110

daymarks may or may not have ____.

lights

111

daymarks sometimes are _____.

lettered

112

Range markers/lights are _____.

placed on land and indicate the center line
of the channel. they are at different
locations so that when they line up, you are
in the middle of the channel.

113

range lights may be of _____ and may
show different _____.

any color
flashing characteristics

114

the principle requirement of range lights

they must be easily distinguished from
other onshore lights

115

the ____ range lights are mounted _____.

rear
higher than the front range lights

116

Primary seacoast lights

warn of proximity to land.
typically are lighthouses.

117

Oahu has 4 primary seacoast lights

kaena pt
diamond head
barbers pt
makapu'u pt

118

After life safety goals have been
accomplished, _____ or _____ are at the
discretion of the rescue captain.

towing a boat
righting a capsized boat

119

Rescue companies _____ boats that have
gone aground unless necessary to save a
life.

shall never attempt to remove

120

If towing or righting a boat, HFD may ____
for any damage that occurs.

be responsible

121

Towing or righting is a _____ operation.

salvage

122

5 things to do if a catamaran mast is filled with water.

cut/remove sails
collapse mast if possible
right hull without mast attached
place mast on canopy
tow catamaran

123

Attempts to right a capsized catamaran
should only be done if _____.

the mast has not filled with water

124

If an outrigger canoe's hull is full of water,
be prepared to rig a _____ that consists of
lashing the canoe where the forward _____
meets the _____ on _____. After lashing,
tie an equalizing bowline just underneath
the hull at the _____. Then tie a _____
around the _____.

bridle
iaku
hull
both sides of the hull
first seat
half hitch
bow

125

6 special seamanship skills

making headway
heaving to
meeting each wave
adjusting trim
running before the seas
tacking across the trough