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Flashcards in Technology/ R&D Deck (28):
1

What is technology in business?

The applications of practical, mechanical, electrical and related sciences to industry and commerce

2

Give 3 applications of robotics?

Handling operations
Assembly
Packaging

3

What 2 things can industrial robots be programmed to carry out?

Complex activities
Routine activities

4

What is CAM?

The use of computers to undertake activities such as planning, operating and controlling production (computer aided manufacture)

5

What can automation help with and how?

Stock control by enabling businesses to reorder stock automatically

6

What is CAD?

The use of computers to improve the design of products

7

What is CAD/CAM?

The approach that combines computer aided design and computer aided manufacture

8

Why is design technology good?

Makes it quicker and cheaper to bring out a new product

9

Why is automation good?

Makes it quicker to produce on a large scale

10

Why is communication technology good?

Helps people work together even if they live apart

11

Why are robotics useful?

Enables work to be done in conditions that are hazardous

12

Why is stock control useful?

Reduces the cash tied up in day to day operations

13

What is invention?

Creating a new item or finding new ways to bring an item into the marketplace

14

What is innovation?

Implementing new ideas, or changing processes to create more efficient ones

15

What are the 2 categories of innovation?

Product or service innovation
Process innovation

16

What is product innovation?

Launching a new or improved product onto the market

17

Give 2 benefits of product innovation?

Creates employment
Competitive advantage

18

Give 2 problems with product innovation?

Expensive
Resources have to be committed by the business

19

What is process innovation?

Finding better or more efficient ways of producing existing products or services

20

What is research?

The inquiry into and discovery of new ideas

21

Give 4 ways of generating new ideas?

Pure research
Laboratory research
Evaluation of existing products
Brainstorming using discussion groups

22

What is development?

The process which changes ideas the result from the research process into commercially viable products or processes

23

Give the 4 benefits of research and development?

Launch new products gives a competitive edge

Reducing costs and improves image

Benefits consumers with more variety

Improves the working environment making it cleaner and safer

24

Give 2 disadvantages of development?

Time consuming and complex
Costly even when success is not guaranteed

25

What type of product development takes ages?

Pharmaceuticals

26

Give the 6 stages of the development of new products?

Identify problem

Research

Development of ideas and solutions

Develop prototypes

Final design

Testing

Manufacture and launch

27

Why is R and D needed by most businesses?

Constant requirement for invention and innovation to keep up with competition and attract new customers

28

Give 2 types of businesses who engage in the most r and d?

Car manufactures
Pharmaceuticals