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Flashcards in Tectonics Case Studies Deck (41)
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1

What was the magnitude of the 2010 Haitian earthquake

7.0

2

How many people died in the 2010 haiti earthquake

222 570 deaths

3

How many people were injured in the 2010 haiti earthquake

300 500 injured

4

How many children were seperated from parents in 2010 haiti earthquake

over 3500

5

Poverty in Haiti

72% of population on $2 per day

6

Literacy rate in Haiti

62% of adults literate

7

Schools damaged or destroyed in haiti 2010

nearly 5000

8

Aftershock in Haiti 2010 magnitude

6.1 magnitude

9

Immediate Impacts of Haiti 2010 earthquake (x5)

75 000 buried in mass graves to prevent disease
Cheap, rapid rebuilding
No coordinated response, aid workers seperated to find family
Dominican Republic hospitals overwhelmed
Only 25% of homeless given temporary shelter

10

Sichuan 2008 earthquake magnitude

7.9 magnitude

11

People effected in Sichuan 2008

10 provinces, 45.5 million people

12

People made homeless 2008 Sichuan

5 million

13

Deaths and missing 2008 Sichuan

87000 people

14

Economic damage Sichuan 2008

$125.6 billion

15

Immediate government response Sichuan 2008

130 000 soldiers mobalised in 24 hrs

16

PAR Model of Sichuan 2008

ROOT CAUSES: Local government corruption, bribed by contractors to build poor infrastructure
DYNAMIC PRESSURES: High populations, and poor infrastructure left over from rapid reconstruction on 1940s
UNSAFE CONDITIONS: Mountainous region, higher risk of landslides and terrain slows aid response

17

Magnitude of Japan 2011

9.0 magnitude

18

Number dead or missing Japan 2011

20 000

19

Number injured Japan 2011

6000

20

Number diplaced Japan 2011

450 000 people

21

Number homeless Japan 2011

130 900

22

Economic cost of Japan 2011

$240 billion

23

Preperation (Modifying loss/ vunerablility) for Japan 2011

75% of buildings seismic proof
Low levels of corruption- law strictly enforced
10ft Tsunami wall at coast
emergency aid packs and survival kits in homes and businesses
1 minute early warning system

24

Why was 2011 Japan a disaster despite preperation

Size of the tsunami was completely unexpected
Land use zoning failed to inform the location of the Fukushima power plant

25

Long term impacts of 2011 Japan

Bank of Japan give $183 billion to japanese banks to protect economy
Nuclear energy usage reduced by 26%
Electricity price up 20%, debt due to import of fossil fuels
Increased greenhouse emissions
Powerplants planned in germany cancelled

26

Immediate response of Japan 2011

110 000 troops mobilised in 24hrs
Copious coverage on tv and in radio

27

VEI of Eyjafallajallajokul 2010

3.1 VEI

28

Global impacts of Iceland volcano 2010

Ash cloud spread as far as Italy
100 000 commercial flights cancelled $1.7 billion loss
$1.3 million lost a day in Kenya from ruined goods
10 million passengers stranded

29

VEI of Niyragongo 2002

6 VEI

30

Impacts of Niyragongo 2002

100 people killed, 20% of homes destroyed in Goma (4500 buildings)
120 000 homeless, cholera outbreak
Volcanic obervation centre finally opened

31

Nepal 2015 magnitude

7.8 magnitude

32

Number of dead in Nepal 2015 earthquake

9000

33

Socioeconomic landscape in Nepal 2015

Mostly primary sector work
Many poor and socially excluded groups
85% of population in rural areas

34

Secondary hazards of Nepal 2015

Typhoid outbreak, Avalanche on Everest killing 20

35

Historical loss of Nepal 2015

Dharahara tower destroyed

36

Why is the Philippenes particularly dangerous

Multiple hazard zone

37

How many typhoons annually in Philippenes

19 typhoons

38

People displaced by flooding in the Philippenes

18 000

39

Affected by drought in Philippenes

6 million people

40

Why landslides are common in the Philippenes

uneven terrain

41

Why is there a lot of risk posed by seismic activity in the Philippenes

Pacific ring of fire
High population, youthful with high rates of poverty and disaster frequency
30% of population within 30km of a volcano