Flashcards in Teleological Argument Deck (15):
What kind of argument is the teleological argument?
A posteriori and inductive
Who came up with the watchmakers analogy for the teleological argument?
Quote showing aquinas’ view of the teleological argument
‘It is plain they obtain their end by design and not by chance’
What analogy does Aquinas use to explain the argument?
What’s evidence of Darwin’s evolutionary theory?
Geographical distribution on the Galápagos Islands
Which Christians support Darwin’s evolution as promoting religion?
J.H.Newman, Charles Kingsley, Frederick Temple
Where did Darwin publish his theory?
On the Origin of Species
What are the modern reformulations of the teleological argument?
1) F.R Tennant’s anthropic principle and aesthetic principle
2) Arthur Brown’s argument from astronomy
3) Richard Swinburne’s probabilities
Explain the aesthetic principle
Humans possess the ability to appreciate beauty (art, literature etc.) yet this isn’t a result of evolution
Explain the argument from astronomy
Ozone layer is so perfectly formed it couldn’t happen by chance
Explain the anthropic principle
Cosmos is perfectly constructed for intelligent life
How is the anthropic principle criticised?
Universe exists in a state of high entropy so is very likely to move from a state of disorder
How’s the aesthetic principle criticised?
Richard Dawkins says we can learn personalities through evolution
How’s the argument from astronomy supported?
Ozone layer is 3mm wide