Teleological Argument Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Teleological Argument Deck (15):
1

What kind of argument is the teleological argument?

A posteriori and inductive

2

Who came up with the watchmakers analogy for the teleological argument?

William Paley

3

Quote showing aquinas’ view of the teleological argument

‘It is plain they obtain their end by design and not by chance’

4

What analogy does Aquinas use to explain the argument?

Archer

5

What’s evidence of Darwin’s evolutionary theory?

Geographical distribution on the Galápagos Islands

6

Which Christians support Darwin’s evolution as promoting religion?

J.H.Newman, Charles Kingsley, Frederick Temple

7

Where did Darwin publish his theory?

On the Origin of Species

8

What are the modern reformulations of the teleological argument?

1) F.R Tennant’s anthropic principle and aesthetic principle
2) Arthur Brown’s argument from astronomy
3) Richard Swinburne’s probabilities

9

Explain the aesthetic principle

Humans possess the ability to appreciate beauty (art, literature etc.) yet this isn’t a result of evolution

10

Explain the argument from astronomy

Ozone layer is so perfectly formed it couldn’t happen by chance

11

Explain the anthropic principle

Cosmos is perfectly constructed for intelligent life

12

How is the anthropic principle criticised?

Universe exists in a state of high entropy so is very likely to move from a state of disorder

13

How’s the aesthetic principle criticised?

Richard Dawkins says we can learn personalities through evolution

14

How’s the argument from astronomy supported?

Ozone layer is 3mm wide

15

Arguments against the teleological argument

1) J.L Mackie: doesn’t prove the Christian god
2) Immanuel Kant: we cannot explain god because he’s transcendent
3) cause of the universe can be explained through modern cosmology
4) Richard Dawkins: ockham’s razor
5) Universe exists in a high state of entropy