Flashcards in Tempest Performance History and quotes Deck (37):
Where was the tempest first set and why is this important
Blackfriars, higher class audience, theme of power and revenge is central
Black friars music gallery
Could alter the dramatic topography, Ariel/Prospero could appear in them, also key for drawing away characters for example Ferdinand in his cell
What was the blackfriars like
Moody, dark and ornate
The oppressed, silent colonial, islamic expansion? From Algiers
Jungian reading of Caliban
'the archetypal shadow' Everything that Prospero doesn't want to admit about himself
Gunpowder plot, Guy Fawkes, plotting and power at the for front of everyone minds, idea of the 'divine right'
'On Canibals' the Utopian vision copied of Montaigne, useful for our understanding of Caliban as a character, Gonzalo's "Golden age" and the idea of the 'nobel savage'
Alonso lost his daughter "to an African" remember it would have a different reception depending on when they play was performed
Prospero on the meeting of Miranda and Ferdinand
"fair encounter of two most rare affections"
Ferdinand on Class and Heirarchy
"I am in my condition A Prince" , self important
Received context of class and hierarchy
Idea of the 'Great Chain of being', the 'divine right to rule' interesting that Ariel is a "sprite higher than them all (Lawrence Bowling) - Play filled with 'infractions of the natural order'
Kermode on Ferdinand
"Ferdinand is hardly a blazing anti type"
Prospero's controlling and somewhat sinister nature towards Miranda and parrallels to other plays
Parrallel to Egeus and Miranda "as she is mine I shall dispose of her"
Kermode on Caliban
"sexually mature but culturally a child", taught everything by Prospero and Miranda but not taught morals
Michael Boyd performance
Interesting, in 2002, Post apocolyptic setting and Caliban especially vulnerable in a arctic environment being poorley clothed
1993 production, Ariel when freed spits on Prospero, in contrast more romantic 19th century versions of the play focus on forgivness, this is arguably all reliant upon the directors portrayal of Prospero Ariel is the dominant force in the play, not Prospero
Ariel as a CGI hologram
Ariel clutches an hour glass and is obsessed with freedom
In what way is Miranda imprisoned
Imprisoned by her knowledge, she has no freedom of thought and relies solely upon Prospero for all her infomation "a prince of power"
Played Caliban in 1951, especially masculine actor, considers Caliban a "useless member of society"
"Prospero is both a father and a mother to her" however realistically their relationship is traditionally to the renaissance period "obey and be attentive"
"the thought might be there" Nutall
1988 Production, Caliban padlocked over his genitals
What happens to Caliban at the end of the play?
Conflicting, in some performances he is locked in a cage, however in a 1904 production he is seen creeping out of a cave to continue to inhabit the island
Prospero on forgiveness
"The rarer action is in virtue than in revenge"
2002 Michael Boyd Production Caliban is a serious character using the branch of a tree as a staff yet by the end of the play he mellows and is converted by hard earned forgivness
Native claim of Caliban
"the islands mine by sycorax my mother" colonial usurpation parralleled in treachery to the usurpation of Prospero's dukedom
"you taught me language" this becomes the key power of the colonials
Threats of Propero
"I'll rack thee with cramps"
Power of alcohol
Power of magic
Puts courtiers to sleep and encourages them to plot, it is no coincidence that Alonso and Sebastien are left awake, perhaps to see just how "perfidious" Antonio remains
'The Psychology of Colonisation' Dependency complex and prospero complex'
Power of Miranda and Ferdinand over each other
"they are in each others powers"
"Prospero is a magnus using his powers for the greater good and not for personal gain"
Class and Power
Bowen "It is the Boatswaine who holds the power in this scene" "what care do these roarers have for the name of King"
"his magic is a symbol of his absolute power"
Power of islam
Sycorax is from Algiers the home of the islamic corsairs, it lead to the so called 'great fear' of Europe, being over run by the muslim hordes joint invasion of Naples????