Tempest Performance History and quotes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Tempest Performance History and quotes Deck (37):
1

Where was the tempest first set and why is this important

Blackfriars, higher class audience, theme of power and revenge is central

2

Black friars music gallery

Could alter the dramatic topography, Ariel/Prospero could appear in them, also key for drawing away characters for example Ferdinand in his cell

3

What was the blackfriars like

Moody, dark and ornate

4

Sycorax

The oppressed, silent colonial, islamic expansion? From Algiers

5

Jungian reading of Caliban

'the archetypal shadow' Everything that Prospero doesn't want to admit about himself

6

1605

Gunpowder plot, Guy Fawkes, plotting and power at the for front of everyone minds, idea of the 'divine right'

7

Montaigne context

'On Canibals' the Utopian vision copied of Montaigne, useful for our understanding of Caliban as a character, Gonzalo's "Golden age" and the idea of the 'nobel savage'

8

Racial undertones

Alonso lost his daughter "to an African" remember it would have a different reception depending on when they play was performed

9

Prospero on the meeting of Miranda and Ferdinand

"fair encounter of two most rare affections"

10

Ferdinand on Class and Heirarchy

"I am in my condition A Prince" , self important

11

Received context of class and hierarchy

Idea of the 'Great Chain of being', the 'divine right to rule' interesting that Ariel is a "sprite higher than them all (Lawrence Bowling) - Play filled with 'infractions of the natural order'

12

Kermode on Ferdinand

"Ferdinand is hardly a blazing anti type"

13

Prospero's controlling and somewhat sinister nature towards Miranda and parrallels to other plays

Parrallel to Egeus and Miranda "as she is mine I shall dispose of her"

14

Kermode on Caliban

"sexually mature but culturally a child", taught everything by Prospero and Miranda but not taught morals

15

Michael Boyd performance

Interesting, in 2002, Post apocolyptic setting and Caliban especially vulnerable in a arctic environment being poorley clothed

16

Sam Mendes

1993 production, Ariel when freed spits on Prospero, in contrast more romantic 19th century versions of the play focus on forgivness, this is arguably all reliant upon the directors portrayal of Prospero Ariel is the dominant force in the play, not Prospero

17

Julie Taymar

Ariel as a CGI hologram

18

Rupert Goold

Ariel clutches an hour glass and is obsessed with freedom

19

In what way is Miranda imprisoned

Imprisoned by her knowledge, she has no freedom of thought and relies solely upon Prospero for all her infomation "a prince of power"

20

Richard Burton

Played Caliban in 1951, especially masculine actor, considers Caliban a "useless member of society"

21

Sarup Singh

"Prospero is both a father and a mother to her" however realistically their relationship is traditionally to the renaissance period "obey and be attentive"

22

Incest accusations

"the thought might be there" Nutall

23

Peter Hall

1988 Production, Caliban padlocked over his genitals

24

What happens to Caliban at the end of the play?

Conflicting, in some performances he is locked in a cage, however in a 1904 production he is seen creeping out of a cave to continue to inhabit the island

25

Prospero on forgiveness

"The rarer action is in virtue than in revenge"
2002 Michael Boyd Production Caliban is a serious character using the branch of a tree as a staff yet by the end of the play he mellows and is converted by hard earned forgivness

26

Native claim of Caliban

"the islands mine by sycorax my mother" colonial usurpation parralleled in treachery to the usurpation of Prospero's dukedom

27

language

"you taught me language" this becomes the key power of the colonials

28

Threats of Propero

"I'll rack thee with cramps"

29

Power of alcohol

"celestial liquor"

30

Power of magic

Puts courtiers to sleep and encourages them to plot, it is no coincidence that Alonso and Sebastien are left awake, perhaps to see just how "perfidious" Antonio remains

31

Mannoni

'The Psychology of Colonisation' Dependency complex and prospero complex'

32

Power of Miranda and Ferdinand over each other

"they are in each others powers"

33

Hebron

"Prospero is a magnus using his powers for the greater good and not for personal gain"

34

Class and Power

Bowen "It is the Boatswaine who holds the power in this scene" "what care do these roarers have for the name of King"

35

Iwasaki

"his magic is a symbol of his absolute power"

36

Power of islam

Sycorax is from Algiers the home of the islamic corsairs, it lead to the so called 'great fear' of Europe, being over run by the muslim hordes joint invasion of Naples????

37

Idea of the forgein "other"

fear of the "other" good received context