TERM 2-MY NOTES CORE CONCEPTS OF PHARMACOLOGY CH.34 "Drugs for Skin Disorders" Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in TERM 2-MY NOTES CORE CONCEPTS OF PHARMACOLOGY CH.34 "Drugs for Skin Disorders" Deck (18):
1

The major causes of skin disorders are injury, aging, inherited factors, and other medical conditions.
A)true
B)false

A

2

Pruritus, or itching, is a symptom often associated with dry. scaly skin, or it may be a symptom of infestation with mites and lice
A)true
B)false

A

3

Burns are a unique type of stress that may affect all layers of the skin. They are classified according to the degree of skin damage.

First-degree burns affect only the outer layers of the epidermis, are characterized by redness, and are analogous to sunburn .

Second-degree burns affect most of the epidermi s and part of the dermis, resulting in inflammation and blisters.

Third-degree burns are full-thickness burns; all layers of the skin are damaged. With full thickness burns, the skin cannot regenerate, and skin grafting is required.

True

4

Scabicides and pediculicides treat parasitic mite and lice infestations.
A)true
B)false

A

5

Scabicides are pharmacologic agents that kill mite ; pediculicides kill lice. Either treatment may be effective for both types of parasites. The choice of drug often depends on where the infestation has occurred.
A)true
B)false

A

6

Malathion and pyrethrin are also insecticides that kill lice by affecting the nervous system of the parasite. Antiparaitic drugs are most often applied to the pubic or scalp area. Patients shou ld be cautioned against applying any lice or mite medication to the mouth, open skin lesions, or eyes.
A)true
B)false

A

7

Lice lay eggs called nits. Fine-toothed nit combs are useful in removing nits after the lice have been killed. Patients should comb the infested area after the hair has been dried. To enure that drug therapy is effective, patients should inspect hair shafts daily for at least 1 week after treatment. Because nits may be present in bedding and other upholstery material, all material coming in close contact with the patient should be wa hed or treated with the medication.
A)true
B)false

A

8

Acne is a common condition found most often in adolescents and young adults. The disorder usually begins 1 or 2 years before puberty and is caused by over-productive oil glands or seborrhea of the epithelial tissue of skin. This activity results in blocked oil glands.
A)true
B)false

A

9

Topical glucocorticoids are used mainly to treat dermatitis and related symptoms
A)true
B)false

A

10

1. Inform family members, sexual partners, school personnel, and any other persons with whom close contact has occurred about skin infestations. Treat clothes, bed linens, and personal items properly to avoid reinfestation.

2. Be informed and understand the proper way to apply medication or to remove nits if necessary. Scabicides and pediculicides should not be applied to the face, mouth, open skin lesions, or the eyes.

3. For acne and related disorders, apply medication only to areas where it is supposed to be applied . Follow instructions in package inserts, and do not deviate from the precautions communicated by the health care provider.

4. Do not share skin medications with fam ily or friends. Be familiar with medication adverse effects, especially those of retinoids, retinoid-like products, or medications used to treat severe skin disorders.

5. Use medications only during the time for which they are intended. With extended use, some med ications (for example, corticosteroids) may cause adverse effects. Take a medication suitable for the disorder; avoid those that are too potent or not potent enough.

6. Give medications a chance t o work. Some systemic medications must be taken exactly as prescribed without skipping or stopping early.

7. Avoid contact with agents that are known to cause allergy or dermatitis. Try to avoid scratching, if possible. For severe skin disorders, see a dermatologist.

True

11

SNF= skilled nursing facility

True

12

Cides mean to kill
A)true
B)false

A

13

Tazorac used for psoriasis
A)true
B)false

A

14

Tretinion (rentin-a) is not for pregnant women and bad teeth
A)true
B)false

A

15

Enbrel is used for RA
A)true
B)false

A

16

Methotrexate is used for RA and tumor growth
A)true
B)false

A

17

Immenoglycides/ammenoglycides are nephrotoxic and ototoxic
A)true
B)false

A

18

Drugs for Skin Disorders

,

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