TERM 2-MY NOTES CORE CONCEPTS OF PHARMCOLOGY CH.9 "Drugs For Anxiety And Insomia" Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in TERM 2-MY NOTES CORE CONCEPTS OF PHARMCOLOGY CH.9 "Drugs For Anxiety And Insomia" Deck (28):
1

Drugs For Anxiety And Insomia

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2

Generalized anxiety disorder is difficult to control, excessive anxiety that lasts 6 months or more.it occurs in response to a variety of life events or activities, and it interferes with normal, day-to-day functions
A)true
B)false

A

3

Anxiety is a state of apprehension, tension, or uneasiness that stems from the anticipation of danger
A)true
B)false

A

4

Panic disorder is characterized by intense feelings of immediate apprehension, fare artfulness, terror, or I pending doom, accompanied by increase autonomic NS activity.usually occurs lasting 10mins max
A)true
B)false

A

5

Phobias are fearful feelings attached to specific objects or situations.ex spiders,heights, crowds.
A)true
B)false

A

6

Agoraphobia is fearful of crowds.
A)true
B)false

A

7

Post traumatic stress disorder PTSD is a type of anxiety that develops in response to reexperiencing a previous traumatic life event such as combat experience, physical or sexual abuse, a natural disaster, or a murder.
A)true
B)false

A

8

Obsessive compulsive disorder OCD describes recurrent, distributing thoughts or repetitive behaviors that interfere with a persons normal activities or relationships.
A)true
B)false

A

9

Recticular formation, is a network of neurons along the entire length of the brainstem. stimulation causes increase alertness and arousal, inhibition causes drowsiness and sleep.
A)true
B)false

A

10

Reticular activating system controls sleeping and wakefulness and performs an alerting function for cerebral cortex
A)true
B)false

A

11

Nonpharmocologic therapies used to cope with anxiety disorder would be behavioral therapy, biofeedback techniques, meditation and complementary therapies
A)true
B)false

A

12

Insomnia is the condition of an inability to fall asleep or remain sleep
A)true
B)false

A

13

Anxiety is treated with four categories of CNS agents and they are antidepressants, CNS depressants, sedatives and sedative,hypnotic.
A)true
B)false

A

14

Antidepressants alter serotonin and norepinephrine, help reduce depression, panic,OCD, and phobia
A)true
B)false

A

15

CNS depressants cause sleep and anesthia, coma and death are at the end of CNS depression. Sometimes called sedatives
A)true
B)false

A

16

Sedative hypnotic clams a person down and used for sleep at high dose
A)true
B)false

A

17

Benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed for insomnia
A)true
B)false

A

18

Barbiturates depress CNS function and cause drowsiness
A)true
B)false

A

19

after 8 months of use, the patient abruptly discontinues his zaleplon (sonata). the patient is now complaining of anxiety and inability to sleep. the nurse suspects:
A)rebound insomnia
B)a panic disorder

A

20

your patient was started on buspirone (buspar) for his anxiety disorder 3 days ago. the patient noow calls the physcian office stating that iit "just isn't working". the nurse best response would be
A)it will take 3 to 4 weeks for buspar to be fully effecttive
B)none

A

21

the patient is sleeping at the time the next sedative is ordered.the nurse should.
A)hold the dose and document the reason
B)notify the physscian

A

22

the nurse educates the patient on zolpidem (ambieum)that it
A)should be taken just prior to going to bed
B)Falsee

A

23

the patient has been takinng barbituratess for the last few months for difficulty sleeping. the nurse main concern for patient who stopped taking the barbiturate would be.
A)severe witthdrawl
B)false


A

24

which of the following nursing interventions would be most appropriate for a patient who has just been administered a sedative
A)make sure the call light within the patient reach
B)False

A

25

the patient has been diagnosed with a panic disorder. the nursee recognizes that symptoms of a panic disorder include
A)feelings of immediate apprehensions, terror, impending doom
B)false

A

26

it is important to teach the patient to avoid _________ which can increase the effects of sedatives.
A)alcohol
B)estazolam (prosom)

A

27

which of the following is not used in the treatment of panic disorders.
A)estazolam (prosom)
B)ataxia

A

28

the nurse should monitor the patient taking lorazepam (Ativan) for which of the following adverse effects?
A)ataxia
B)europhia

A

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