TERM 3- MY NOTES ADULT NURSING CH.2 "SURGICAL CARE OF PATIENT" Flashcards Preview

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SURGICAL CARE OF THE PATIENT

,

1

Surgery is defined as that branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma requiring operative procedures
A)true
B)false

A

2

________is defined as that branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma requiring operative procedures

Surgery

3

early surgeons had little knowledge of the principles of asepsis, and anesthetic techniques and that it were primitive and unsafe. Indeed, a surgeon's success was based on speed during that time
A)true
B)false

A

4

Surgery is classified as elective, urgent, or emergency.
A)true
B)false

A

5

Elective surgery is not necessary to preserve life and may be performed at a time the patient chooses.
A)true
B)false

A

6

Elective surgery can be performed at anytime during a patient life
A)true
B)false

A

7

Urgent surgery is required to keep additional health problems from occurring.
A)true
B)false

A

8

Emergency surgery is performed immediately to save the individual's life or preserve the function of a body part.
A)true
B)false

A

9

Surgery is performed for various purposes, including diagnostic, ablation, palliative, reconstructive, transplant, constructive, and cosmetic.
A)true
B)false

A

10

amputation or excision of any body part or removal of a growth or harmful substance is called
A)ablation
B) palliative

A

11

therapy to relieve or reduce uncomfortable symptoms without cure
A)palliative
B)ablation

A

12

CLASSIFICATION OF SURGICAL PROCEDURES

,

13

Involves extensive reconstruction or alteration in body parts; poses great risks to well-being (e.g., coronary artery bypass, colon resection, gastric resection)
A)major
B)minor
C)elective

A

14

Involves minimal alteration in body parts; often designed to correct deformities; involves minimal risks compared with those of major procedures (e.g. , cataract extraction, skin graft, tooth extraction)
A)major
B)minor
C)elective

B

15

Performed on basis of patient's choice (e.g., bunionectomy, plastic surgery)
A)minor
B)major
C)elective

C

16

Necessary for patient's health (e.g., excision of cancerous tumor, removal of gallbladder for stones, vascular repair for obstructed artery [e.g ., coronary artery bypass])
A)urgent
B)emergency
C)major

A

17

Must be done immediately to save life or preserve function of body part (e.g., removal of perforated appendix, repair of traumatic amputation, control of internal hemorrhaging)
A)emergency
B)urgent
C)elective

A

18

removal of perforated appendix, repair of traumatic amputation, control of internal hemorrhaging are all
A)emergency
B)false

A

19

coronary artery bypass, colon resection, gastric resection are all
A)major
B)minor
C)both a and b

A

20

cataract extraction, skin graft, tooth extraction are all
A)urgent
B)elective
C)minor

C

21

excision of cancerous tumor, removal of gallbladder for stones, vascular repair for obstructed artery [e.g ., coronary artery bypass]) are all
A)urgent
B)emergency
C)major

A

22

bunionectomy, plastic surgery are all
A)elective
B)minor

A

23

Excision or removal of diseased body part (e.g., amputation, removal of appendix, cholecystectomy)
A)Ablation
B)Palliative

A

24

Surgery for relief or reduction of intensity of disease symptoms; will not produce cure (e.g., colostomy, debridement of necrotic tissue)
A)Ablation
B)Palliative

B

25

PERIOPERATIVE NURSING

,

26

Perioperative nursing refers to the nurse's role during the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative phases of a surgical experience
A)true
B)false

A

27

preoperative (before surgery)
intraoperative (during surgery)
postoperative (after surgery)
A)true
B) false

A

28

Perioperative nursing stresses the importance of providing continuity of care for the surgical patient using the nursing process.
A)true
B)false

A

29

In many hospitals, perioperative nurses assess a patient's health status preoperatively, identify specific patient needs, teach and counsel, attend to the patient's needs in the OR, and then follow the patient's recovery.
A)true
B)false

A