TERM 3- MY NOTES FOUNDATIONS OF NURSING CH.39 "Rehabilitation Nursing" Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in TERM 3- MY NOTES FOUNDATIONS OF NURSING CH.39 "Rehabilitation Nursing" Deck (228)
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Rehabilitation Nursing

,

1

Rehabilitation nursing is really what holistic nursing is all about. In rehabilitation nursing, we assess and address every aspect of the individual's needs and care.
A)true
B)false

A

2

Rehabilitation is possible to define in a variety of ways. For our purposes, it is the process of restoring the individual to the fullest physical, mental, social, vocational, and economic capacity of which he or she is capable. It involves relearning former skills-relearning the activities of daily living (ADLs)-and learning the new skills necessary to adapt and live fully within the context of an altered lifestyle
A)true
B)false

A rehabilitation

3

Rehabilitation means adjusting to a new set of needs by innvolving and applying previous knowledge and skills in combination with a variety of new ideas, knowledge, and skills.
A)true
B)false

A

4

Rehabilitation has to begin from the very onset of a traumatic event or diagnosis of a chronic illness.
A)true
B)false

A

5

According to Ruth Stryker (1977), rehabilitation is a creative process that begins immediately with preventive care and continues throughout the course of the illness and through the restorative phase of care, and involves adaptation of the whole being to a new Life.
A)true
B)false

A

6

NEED FOR REHABILITATION

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7

What precipitates the need for rehabilitation is impairment, disability, handicap, functional limitation, or chronic illness, or some combination of these.
A)true
B)false

A

8

The World Health Organization (1980) defines these terms as follows:

,

9

• Impairment: Any loss or abnormality of psychological, physical, or anatomical structure or function.
A)true
B)false

A

10

• __________: Any loss or abnormality of psychological, physical, or anatomical structure or function.

• Impairment: Any loss or abnormality of psychological, physical, or anatomical structure or function.

11

• Disability: Any restriction or lack (resulting from an impairment) of an ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.
A)true
B)false

A

12

• ___________: Any restriction or lack (resulting from an impairment) of an ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.

• Disability: Any restriction or lack (resulting from an impairment) of an ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.

13

• Handicap: A disadvantage for a given individual resulting from an impairment or disability that limits or prevents the fulfillment of a role that is normal for that particular individuaL The handicap one individual with a given disability faces may not be a concern or handicap for another individual with the same disability.
A)true
B)false

A

14

• _________: A disadvantage for a given individual resulting from an impairment or disability that limits or prevents the fulfillment of a role that is normal for that particular individuaL The handicap one individual with a given disability faces may not be a concern or handicap for another individual with the same disability.

• Handicap: A disadvantage for a given individual resulting from an impairment or disability that limits or prevents the fulfillment of a role that is normal for that particular individuaL The handicap one individual with a given disability faces may not be a concern or handicap for another individual with the same disability.

15

• Functional limitation: Any loss of ability to perform tasks and obligations of usual roles and normal daily life. See discussion later in the chapter regarding functional assessment.
A)true
B)false

A

16

• __________\: Any loss of ability to perform tasks and obligations of usual roles and normal daily life. See discussion later in the chapter regarding functional assessment.

Functional limitations

17

• Chronic illness: An irreversible presence, accumulation, or latency of disease states or impairments that involve the total human environment for supportive care, function, and prevention of further disability.
A)true
B)false

A

18

CHRONIC IllNESS AND DISABILITY

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19

Healthy People 2010 Focus Areas Related to Chronic Illness and Disability

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20

-Assess the quality of service
• Arthritis, osteoporosis, and chronic back conditions
• Cancer
• Chronic kidney disease
• Diabetes
• Disability and secondary conditions
• Heart disease and stroke
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
• Mental health and mental disorders
• Respiratory diseases
• Vision and hearing

True

21

CHRONICITY

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22

Unlike acute illnesses, which are usually abrupt in onset and self-limiting (the illness is either resolved or death ensues), chronic illnesses have the potential to be either abrupt or insidious in onset and by definition persist for an extended and indefinite period.
A)true
B)false

A

23

Theorists have developed many definitions of chronic illness. However, all definitions include one or more of the characteristics first outlined by the Commission on Chronic Illness (1957). These characteristics include any impairment or deviation from normal that has the following features:

• Is permanent
• Leaves a residual disability
• Is caused by a nonreversible pathologic condition
• Requires special training of the patient for rehabilitation
• Requires a long period of supervision, observation, or care

True

24

DISABILITY

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25

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law in 1990. This landmark legislation provides protection against discrimination for people with disabilities. Universally accepted, the ADA defines an individual as disabled if he or she has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having sudt an impairment.
A)true
B)false

A

26

One way to look at it is to assert that all individuals are only temporarily able bodied, and that at some point in life we will all experience some form of disability. It is essential to develop this level of awareness to avoid labeling groups of people in ways that risk disenfranchising them.
A)true
B)false

A

27

CROSS-CUlTURAL REHABILITATION

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28

We are called on to engage in genuine collaboration with our patients and colleagues, including those trained in other disciplines and community-level workers, in order to obtain the best possible functional outcome for the patient.
A)true
B)false

A

29

CULTURAL COMPETENCE

,