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Medical Terminology > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (63):
1

Abrasion

Scrape of the skin due to something abrasive

2

Acute

new, opposite of chronic

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Ambulate

to walk from place to place

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Anterior

located towards the front of the body

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Artery

blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart

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Benign

normal, of no danger to health

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Bradycardia

slow heart rate ( less than 60 bmp)

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Cardiomegaly

Enlarged heart

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cholecystitis

inflammation of the cholecyst (gallbladder)

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Chronic

long standing, constant, opposite of acute

11

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease lung dz. seen in smokers

12

Coronary Artery

the artery that supplies heart tissue with blood

13

Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)

stroke, lack of blood supply to the brain causing brain damage

14

Diaphoresis

sweating

15

Distal

farther from the trunk of the body

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Deep Vein Thrombosis

a blood clot in a deep vein, most often an extremity

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Dyspnea

problems with breathing

18

Dysuria

painful urination

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Ecchymosis

a bruise

20

Edema

swelling

21

Emesis

vomiting

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Epistaxis

nose bleed

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Erythema

redness/ red

24

Febrile

elevated body temperature, fever

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Grossly

wholly, obviously

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hematemesis

very large amounts of blood in the vomit

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hematuria

very large amounts of blood in the urine

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hemoptysis

coughing up very large amounts of blood

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hemorrhage

excessive or profuse bleeding

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hepatomegaly

enlarged liver

31

hypertension

high blood pressure

32

hypotension

low blood pressure

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hypoxia

low oxygen saturation of the body, not enough oxygen in blood

34

infract

area of dead tissue after a lack of blood supply

35

inferior

lower on the body, farther from the head

36

ischemia

lack of blood supply

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laceration

splitting of the skin due to trauma

38

lateral

farther from the midline

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medial

nearer to the midline

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melena

black tarry stool

41

myocardial infraction (MI)

death of cardiac muscle to due ischemia

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Myalgia

muscular pain

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oriented x3

oriented to person place and time

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pallor

pale skin

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posterior/ dorsal

rear or backside of the body

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proximal

nearer to the trunk of the body

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pruritic

itchy

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Pulmonary embolism

blocking of pulmonary artery due to a blood clot

49

purulent

pus-like

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rales

wet crackling noise in lungs

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rhinorrhea

clear nasal discharge, runny nose

52

rhonchi

rattling noise of mucus in lungs

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sepsis

dangerous infection of the blood

54

STEMI

ST elevation MI, real-time ongoing death of heart tissue due to ischemia

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superior

higher on the body, nearer to the head

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supine

body position laying face up

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syncope

passing out, loss of consciousness

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tachycardia

fast heart rate ( more than 100 bpm)

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tachypnea

increased breathing rate

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Transient ischemic attack

minor stroke, where neurological function is regained quickly with time

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vein

blood vessel that carries blood towards the heart

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vertigo

condition of dizziness

63

wheezing

high pitched sound heard in the lungs with asthmatics or lung dz.