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Flashcards in Terms Deck (66):
1

Democracy

A type of government in which the people decide who they want in power

2

Suffrage

The right to vote. Suffragettes fought for the right to vote

3

Communism

People are paid based on their abilities and needs

4

Capitalism

- there are no limits on how much wealth a person can have

- people can buy and sell what they want

- people and companies can compete with each other to produce goods and services for profit

5

Fascism

A form of government which is a type of one party dictatorship

6

Socialism

A theory that production, distribution and exchange should be owned by the community

7

Governor General

The chief representative of the crown

8

Head of state

The chief representative of a country

Ex: President

9

Parliament

A group of people that make the laws in a country

10

Riding

- trying to pass a bill

- a place where Canada's representative democracy is based

11

Member of Parliament

A member of the house of representatives

12

House of commons

Part of the Parliament of Canada as well as the Sovereign and the senate

13

Senate

- a group of citizens with The highest powers in the government

- part of the Parliament of Canada

14

Executive branch

The branch of federal government that is responsible for laws made by the legislative branch and interpreted by the Judicial branch

15

Legislative branch

The branch of government that is elected and makes the laws

16

Cabinet

A group of ministers of the crown that form the government of Canada as well as the Canadian Monarch in the Westminster system tenets

17

Direct democracy

A form of democracy where people decide policy initiatives directly

18

Representative democracy

Representatives from different parties trying to get people to vote for them

19

Constitutional monarchy

A form of government where a mother acts as head of state within the parameters of a written, unwritten or blended constitution

20

Federal system

A system that divides power between a strong national government and a smaller local government

21

Prime Minister

The head of an elected government

22

Vote of non-confidence

I'm phot in the legislative body that indicates a lack of majority support for a government policy

23

Caucus

A meeting of members from specific political party

24

Deputy Minister

A person who takes political direction from and appointed minister of the crown

25

Backbencher

A member of Parliament to just not hold office in the government and who sits behind the front benches in the house of commons

26

Party whip

And oh Fishel of a political party who's task is to enforce a parties discipline

27

Conservatism

Any political philosophy that favours tradition such as religion

28

Speaker of the house

The presiding officer of the U.S. House of Representatives

29

Mace

A staff that is intended to represent officials authority

30

Shadow cabinet

Senior group of spokes people who form an alternate cabinet and whose members shadow or mirror the positions of each individual member of the cabinet

31

Public servants

A person employed in the public sector employed for a government department or agency

32

Sergeant-at-arms

An officer appointed by a deliberative body to keep order during meetings

33

Leader of the opposition

The main member of a party in a British legislative body who is giving the status of a salaried government official and an important role in organizing the business of the house

34

Question period

A period of time set aside each day for members of parliament to question government ministers

35

Patronage

Dispensation of favours or rewards such as a public office, jobs, contracts, subsides, prestige or other valuable benefits by a patron to a client

36

Supreme court

The highest body in the judicial branch

37

Legislative assembly

A representative elected by the voters of a constituency to the legislature

38

Lieutenant Governor

And elected official serving as deputy to the governor

39

Mayor

Someone that is elected for power

40

Councillors

A member of a local government Council

41

By-laws

Form of institutions where law and order are developed and maintained in a society

42

Band Council

Are you local form of Aboriginal government in Canada

43

Chief

An executive official such as the leader of a nation's government

44

Constitution

The procedure of making laws based on each state

45

British North America Act

Original names of a group of acts at the core of the constitution of Canada that were enacted by the parliament of the united kingdom and the Parliament of Canada

46

Patriation

The turning over or return of legislative powers that were formerly held by another country

47

The rule of law

The government and its officials and agents as well as individuals in private entities are accountable under the law

48

Party platform

- what a party stands for and believes in

- what a party says they will do

49

Universal franchise

The right for all to vote except a small number of adults citizens

50

Chief electoral officer

An officer of parliament appointed by resolution of the house of commons

51

Regionalism

Consciousness and loyalty to a district region with a homogeneous population

52

Majority government

A party that has the majority of the seats

53

Minority government

A party with the least amount of seats

54

Coalition government

Cabinet of parliamentary government where a couple of political parties cooperate which brings down the dominance of any one party

55

First-past-the post system

The candidate with the most votes is the winner of the congressional seat

56

Popular vote

The number of actual individual votes for a candidate

57

Proportional representation

And electoral system made to represent in a legislative body each political group or party is proportion to its actually voting strength in the electorate

58

Notwithstanding clause

- part of the church are of rights and freedoms

- the clause that allows parliament or provincial legislatures to override certain portions of the charter

59

Preferential ballot

Marking on the ballot in order of the rank that you prefer each candidate

60

Interest groups

A group that tries to influence the government to adopt certain policies

61

Civil disobedience

Refusing to obey certain laws or governmental dimensions for the purpose of influencing legislation or government policy

62

Judicial branch

The branch that interprets the laws

63

Universal declaration of human rights

A declaration adopted by the United Nations General assembly in 1948

64

Canadian charter of rights and freedoms

A group of rights used in the constitution of Canada

65

Judicial system

The system of law courts that administer justice and constitute the judicial branch of government

66

Bill

A proposed law that has to be passed by the legislature to become a law