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Flashcards in Terms Deck (25):
1

Paleolithic

the first stage of the Stone Age, meaning old stone

2

Neolithic

the last stage of the Stone Age, meaning new stone

3

Relief Sculpture

A three-dimensional image or design whose flat background surface is carved away to a certain depth, setting off the figure.

4

Lost-wax casting process

A method of casting metal, which involves a wax mold that is covered with clay and plaster, then fired, thus melting the wax. Once cooled, the clay and plaster are removed, leaving a hollow metal form.

5

Hierarchical scale

when some figures or objects within a work of art are bigger or more dominant in order to give a greater importance to them (has nothing to do with representing space

6

Votive figure

an often-sculpted figure that gives constant praise, worship, or thanks to a deity [like a 24/7 stand-in for human worshippers]

7

Ziggurat

an ancient Mesopotamian monumental structure with a temple, precursor of the pyramids

8

Register

In art, a horizontal band of information, whether pictorial or written.

9

Post and Lintel

An architectural system of construction with two or more vertical elements (posts) supporting a horizontal element (lintel).

10

Composite view

when an object/figure/animal is represented in several different views at the same time to give a fuller understanding of it.

11

Ka

the Egyptian life force or spirit.

12

Sunken Relief

Similar to a relief sculpture, but the image is carved below the original surface of the background, which is not cut away.

13

Hieroglyph

Egyptian system of writing using symbols or pictures

14

Contrapposto

the twisting of the torso and a shift in weight to one side of the human figure.

15

Colonnade

a row of columns

16

Doric Order

the first architectural order of Ancient Greece, consisting of metopes, triglyphs, no base for the columns, and a plain capitol.

17

Frieze

an area in the entablature of Ancient Greek buildings that may contain relief sculptures

18

Ionic Order

the second architectural order of Ancient Greece, consisting of a continuous sculptural frieze, a simple base for columns, and a capital with volutes.

19

Kouros

An archaic Greek statue of a young man or boy, often used as a grave marker.

20

Caryatid

an ancient Greek female sculpture that acts as a columnar support

21

Fresco

a painting done on wet plaster that becomes a permanent part of the wall.

22

Amphora

An ancient Greek or Roman jar for storing oil or wine, with an egg-shaped body and two curved handles.

23

Krater

An ancient Greek vessel for mixing wine and water, with many subtypes that each have a distinctive shape.

24

Lekythos

A slim ancient Greek oil vase with one handle and a narrow mouth.

25

Tempera

A painting medium made by blending egg yolks with water, pigments, and occasionally other materials, such as glue