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Flashcards in Terms Deck (41):
1

adrenal gland produces...

adrenaline (epinephrine)

2

ovaries produce...

progesterone and estrogen

3

pancreas produces...

insulin

4

parathyroid glands produce...

parathyroid hormone (PTH)

5

pituitary gland produces...

adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), growth hormone (GH), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)

6

testes produce...

testosterone

7

thyroid gland produces...

thyroxine (T4)

8

epidural

skin above dura mater

9

subdural

brain tissue between dura mater

10

3 layers of skin

epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous

11

hemiplegia

one side of the body is paralyzed; usually caused by cerebrovascular accident or brain lesion (tumor). Paralysis occurs on the side opposite the brain disorder

12

hyper

excessive, too much, above

13

hypertrophy

cells increase in size

14

atrophy

cells shrink in size

15

bolus

dose of a substance

16

neoplasm

new formation

17

neoplastic

pertaining to new tissue formation

18

MICU

medical intensive care unit

19

MSICU

medical/surgical intensive care unit

20

PICU

pediatric/psychiatric intensive care unit

21

SICU

surgical intensive care unit

22

parathyroid glands

backside of thyroid glands. Endocrine, regulate amount of calcium in bones and blood (x4)

23

diuretics

drugs that promote polyuria, treat hypertension to lower blood pressure by removing excess fluid from the body

24

polydipsia

excessive thirst

25

polyps

benign precancerous lesions/growths commonly found in the colon. These neoplasms are often removed via colonoscopy because they may eventually become malignant

26

AIDS

acquire immunodeficiency syndrome. Severe infections, malignancy (kaposi sarcoma and lymphoma), fever, malaise (discomfort), gastrointestinal disturbances. Caused by a virus that damages lymphocytes

27

carpal tunnel syndrome

pain, tingling, burning, numbness of the hand and wrist. A nerve leading to the hand is compressed by connective tissue fibers in the wrist

28

down syndrome

mental retardation, flat face with a short nose, slanted eyes, broad hands and feet, stubby fingers, and protruding lower lip. Occurs when extra chromosome is present in each cell of the body

29

mitral valve prolapse syndrome

abnormal sounds (murmurs) heard through a stethoscope place on the chest. These murmurs indicate that the mitral valve is not closing properly. Chest pain, dyspnea, and fatigue are other symptoms

30

toxic shock syndrome

high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, hypotension (low blood pressure), shock. Typically caused by bacterial infection in vagina of menstruating women using superabsorbent tampons

31

TURP

transurethral resection prostate gland. Pieces of the prostate gland are removed through the urethra to relieve symptoms of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)

32

tricuspid valve

on the right side of the heart

33

mitral valve

bicuspid valve on the left side

34

analysis

separation of substances into their separate component parts

35

antibiotic

medication produced from molds, or synthesized in a laboratory to destroy microorganisms

36

before birth

antepartum or prenatal

37

dysplasia

abnormal development in tissues or organs

38

perianal fissures

bleeding can occur from cracks or sores surrounding the opening of the rectum

39

neoplasm

new growth; can be malignant or benign

40

CVA

cerebrovascular accident

41

hyperthyroidism/Grave's disease/thyrotoxicosis

excess of thyroid hormones. Hereditary factor, autoimmune disorder from antibodies. Bind to surface of thyroid gland, stimulate hypersecretion of hormones