A participle is a verb form (verbal) which is used as an adjective.
A transitive verb is a verb that has an object. The action expressed by the verb passes over to a receiver.
Present perfect tense
The present perfect tense denotes action that is completed at the time of speaking or writing.
A compound sentence is a sentence that consists of two or more independent clauses.
The tense of a verb is the change in form of the verb to show the time of the action or state of condition.
A sentence is a group of words that express a complete thought. A sentence must have both a subject and a predicate. Sentences are classified into the following four groups, according to the purpose they serve: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory.
Future perfect tense
The future perfect tense denotes action that will be completed at some definite time in the future.
A verb is in the passive voice when it represents the subject as receiving the action.
A reflexive or intensive pronoun is a pronoun formed by adding self or selves to some form of a personal pronoun
Progressive form of a verb
The progressive form of a verb is the form which shows that the action is continuing at the time indicated by the particular tense.
An exclamatory sentence expresses strong feeling or sudden emotion. An exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark.
A complex sentence is a sentence that consists of one independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
The articles a, an, and the. They are regarded as adjectives. The is the definite article. A and an are the indefinite articles
The complete subject is the simple subject with all its modifiers.
The past tense denotes past time.
A dependent clause (subordinate clause) is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate, but does not express a complete thought.
Compound relative pronoun
A compound relative pronoun is a pronoun formed by adding ever or soever to certain relative pronouns.
Mood is the form that the verb takes to show the manner in which the action or state of being is to be regarded - as a fact, a command, as a wish, doubt, uncertainty, etc.
The subjunctive mood is the mood that is used to express doubt, wish, uncertainty, or a condition that is contrary to fact.
A preposition is a word that shows the relation between its object and some other word in the sentence.
The direct object of a verb names the receiver of the action.
A misplaced modifier is a modifier that is incorrectly placed in the sentence. It seems to modify the wrong word because it is placed nearer to this word than to the correct word.
The simple subject names the person, place, or thing that is talked about.
An independent clause (main clause) is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause is the equivalent of a simple sentence.
An adjective clause is a subordinate clause that functions as an adjective
A gerund phrase is a gerund with any complement or modifier that is may take.
Case is that property of a noun or pronoun that show the relation of the noun or pronoun to other words in a sentence
A noun clause is a subordinate clause that is used as a noun.
A compound subject is made up of two or more connected simple subjects.
A relative adjective is a relative pronoun that is used as an adjective. A relative adjective refers to an antecedent in the main clause.
A non-restrictive clause is a subordinate clause that is not essential to the meaning of the sentence. A non-restrictive clause is usually set off by commas.
A modifier is a word or group of words that limits or qualifies the meaning of another word.
The indicative mood is the mood that is used to make a statement or ask a question.
The objective case is the case of the direct object of a verb or a preposition. Nouns have no special form to show the objective case.
A subordinate conjunction is a conjunction that is used to connect a subordinate clause with the main clause.
The future tense denotes future time.
An interrogative pronoun asks a question.
The conjugation of a verb is the systematic arrangement of all its forms.
A run-on sentence is a sentence in which two independent clauses are written as a single sentence, without the use of a conjunction or any mark of punctuation to separate them.
A gerund is a verb form (verbal) that is used as a noun.
A prepositional phrase is a group of words which consists of a preposition and its object. The object of the preposition may have modifiers.
The present tense denotes present time. The present tense is also used to express habitual action, and to express an idea which is generally accepted as true.
A participial phrase is a participle with any complement or modifier that it may take.
Emphatic form of a verb
The emphatic form of a verb is a form used to give greater emphasis to the idea expressed by the verb. The auxiliaries do, does, and did are used to give this emphasis.
A clause is a group of words having a subject and a predicate
The sentence is in inverted order when the predicate, or part of the predicate precedes the subject.
The predicate is the part of a sentence that makes a statement about the subject.
Parts of speech
Words are classified as parts of speech according to the work they do in sentences. The eight parts of speech are: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.
A simple sentence is a sentence having one subject and one predicate, either or both of which may be compound.
The complete predicate is the predicate verb or verb phrase with its complements and modifiers.
An interrogative sentence asks a question. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark.
An independent element is a word or group of words that has no grammatical connection with the rest of the sentence.
A declarative sentence makes a statement. A declarative sentence ends with a period.
An interrogative adverb introduces a question and modifies the verb.
A verb phrase is a verb that consists of more that one word. It is composed of a principal verb and one or more auxiliary verbs.
A restrictive clause is a clause that is essential to the meaning of the sentence. A restrictive clause is not set off by commas. A restrictive clause defines, limits, or identifies the word it modifies.
An imperative sentence gives a command or makes a request.
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
An appositive is a word or a group of words that identifies or explains another word or group of words
The positive degree is used when there is no suggestion or comparison. It is the simple form of an adjective or the adverb. The positive degree of the adjective large is large.
An auxiliary verb is one that helps the principal verb form a verb phrase
The superlative degree is used when more than two persons or things are compared. The superlative degree of large is largest. (My house is the largest house in the block.
An interjection is a word that expresses strong feeling or sudden emotion.
A phrase is a group of words, without a subject and a predicate, that is used as a part of speech.
The imperative mood is the mood which expresses a command or a request.
A predicate adjective is an adjective that completes the verb and modifies the subject. A predicate adjective is found is the predicate.
A linking or copulative verb is one that is used to connect the subject with a word that explains or describes the subject. The explanatory word, which may be a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective, follows the verb.
A relative adverb is an adverb that refers to an antecedent in the main clause and modifies some word in the subordinate clause.
A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.
An indefinite pronoun does not point out a definite person, place, or thing.
A noun is word used as the name of a person, place, thing, idea, or action.
A complement completes the meaning of the verb.
An infinitive phrase is an infinitive with any complement or modifier that it may take.
The indirect object of a verb tells to or for whom something is done.
An adverbial clause is a subordinate clause that functions as an adverb
The antecedent of a pronoun is the noun or pronoun to which it refers
A compound predicate is made up of two or more connected verbs or verb phrases.
A relative pronoun is a pronoun that joins a clause to its antecedent.
The possessive case shows ownership. Nouns have special forms to show the possessive case.
The verb is a word that expresses action or state of being. Verbs that express state of being are called linking verbs, or copulative verbs.
The nominative case is the case of the subject. A predicate noun is also in the nominative case. Nouns have no special form to indicate the nominative case.
An adjective is a word used to modify a noun or a pronoun
A common noun is the name of any one of a class of persons, places, or things
The comparative degree is used when a comparison is made between two persons or things. The comparative degree of large is larger. (My house is larger than your).
The normal or grammatical order of a sentence is subject first, followed by the predicate.
A verbal is a verb form that is used as another part of speech. Participles, gerunds, and infinitives are verbals.
The simple predicate is the verb or verb phrase.
A verb is in the active voice when it represents the subject as performing the action
An intransitive verb is a verb that does not have an object.
Comparison is the change in the form of an adjective or an adverb to show a difference in degree. There are three degrees of comparison: positive, comparative, and superlative.
A collective noun is the name of a group or a collection of objects
An infinitive is a verb form (verbal) that is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. An infinitive is usually preceded by the word to, which is commonly called the sign of the infinitive.
An adverbial phrase is a prepositional phrase that functions as an adverb
The subject of a sentence is the part about which something is said.
An adjective phrase is a prepositional phrase that functions as an adjective
An expletive is an introductory word which fills in the place of the grammatical subject. The real subject appears after the verb. An expletive has no grammatical connection with any part of the sentence. The words it and there are commonly used as expletives.
Past perfect tense
The past perfect tense denotes action that was completed at some definite time in the past.
The comma fault is the use of a comma as the sole connection between two independent clauses. A comma should not be used for this purpose unless a coordinate conjunction is used with the comma
Compound complex sentence
A compound complex sentence is a sentence that consists of two independent clauses and one or more subordinate clauses.
A noun or pronoun that is used in addressing some person ( or persons) is used in direct address.
A dangling modifier is a modifier that does not refer to any word in the sentence. The word that is should modify has bee left out of the sentence.
The first person is the person speaking. The second-person is the person spoken to. The third person is the person of thing spoken of.
A demonstrative pronoun points out a specific person, place, or thing.
Voice is that property of a verb which shows whether the subject is performing the action or is receiving the action.
A personal pronoun shows by its form whether it refers to the person speaking, the person spoken to, or the person of thing spoken of
A co-ordinate conjunction is a conjunction that connects words, phrases, and clauses of equal rank.
A conjunction is a word used to join words or groups of words.