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Flashcards in Terms and details Deck (31):
1

Supine

patient lying on back, facing up

2

Prone

patient lying face down

3

lateral recumbent recovery postion

patient lying down on side

4

Fowler's position

patient sitting up in bed

5

Trendelenberg position

patient lying with legs elevated

6

Sagittal plane

cuts body into a left and right side

7

Transverse/horizontal plane

cuts body horizontally at waist into an upper and lower section

8

Frontal/coronal plane

cuts body into anterior and posterior sections

9

superior plane

above the waist

10

inferior plane

below the waist

11

ligaments

connect bone to bone

12

tendons

connect muscle to bone

13

right upper quadrant of abdomen

liver, right kidney, gallbladder

14

left upper quadrant of abdomen

left kidney, spleen, stomach, pancreas

15

right lower quadrant

appendix, right ureter, right ovary, right fallopian tube

16

left lower quadrant

left ureter, left ovary, left fallopian tube

17

smooth muscle

involuntary muscle, carries out autonomic functions; includes blood vessels, intestines, urinary system

18

Upper airway

contains nose and mouth, larynx (voice box), pharynx (throat)

19

Lower airway

trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli

20

Coronary arteries

the arteries that supply the heart itself with blood

21

carotid arteries

supply brain with blood

22

dorsalis pedis artery

can be felt on top of foot

23

cappilaries

site of exchange of gases and nutrients between cells and bloodstream

24

pulse

lets us know info about the circulation- tells us how effective the left ventricle is working

25

systolic BP

pressure exerted on arteries when left ventricle contracts

26

diastolic BP

pressure on arteries when left ventricle relaxes, tells the resistance on the arteries between contractions

27

perfusion

the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the cells of organ systems and the removal of waste products

28

Shock

hypoperfusion; not enough oxygen and nutrients are supplied to cells and buildup of waste in cells

29

Reticular activating system

must be functioning along with at least one cerebral hemisphere for patient to be awake/alert

30

Epinephrine and norepinephrine

secreted by adrenal gland, fuel sympathetic nervous system response when encounter a major stressor

31

asystole

cardiac arrest heart rhythm; flat line-no discernible electrical activity