Terms Relating to Tissue, Organs, and Systems Assignment 3 Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Terminology > Terms Relating to Tissue, Organs, and Systems Assignment 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terms Relating to Tissue, Organs, and Systems Assignment 3 Deck (75):
1

abdominal

space between the diaphragm and hip bones; houses the major digestive organs

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alimentary

pertaining to food or nutrition (alimentary canal)

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arterial

pertaining to arteries or the blood in them

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articular

pertaining to a joint

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autonomic

occurring involuntarily

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axial

trunk and skull (skeleton)

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bowel

division of the intestine

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bronchial

pertaining to air tubes of the lungs

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capillary

smallest blood vessels

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cardiac

pertaining to the heart

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cardiac muscle tissue

specialized form of involuntary muscle tissue found only in the heart

12

cardiovascular

pertaining tot he heart and blood vessels

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cavity

space or hollow within the body

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cerebral

pertaining to the brain, particularly the cerebrum

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cervical

pertaining to the neck or cervix

16

cilia

small hairlike structures

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circulatory

pertaining to blood circulation

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cloaca

urogenital chamber of birds into which the intestinal, urinary, and generative canals discharge.

19

coccygeal

tail area

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collateral

secondary or accessory

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colon

part of the large intestine

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connective tissue

tissue specializing in connective and support of body parts

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copulatory

pertaining to sexual intercourse

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coronary

regarding the heart

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cranial

pertaining to the space enclosed by the skull; houses the brain and pituitary gland

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cutaneous

relating to the skin

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deciduous

falling out at the end of a stage or season; first set of teeth

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dental

pertaining to teeth or dentistry

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diaphragm

muscular wall dividing thoracic and abdominal cavities

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diaphragmatic

pertaining to the diaphragm

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diastolic

regarding the relaxation of the heart muscle, allowing heart chambers to fill with blood

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digestive

regarding the conversion of food into chemical substances the body uses

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digital

pertaining to fingers or toes

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duodenal

pertaining to the duodenum

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duodenum

the first or proximal portion of the small intestine

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endocrine

secreting internally; relating to endocrine glands

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epidermal

relating to the outer layer of skin

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epithelial tissue

tissue that protects, lines, or invests body organs

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esophagus

tubular food passage between the neck and stomach

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excretory

relating to the discharge of waste

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exocrine

external secretion of a gland

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extremities

terminal portions; legs, feet, hooves, paws

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fascial

connective tissue membrane

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fecal

relating to feces (stool or excrement)

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genetic

relating to biological heredity

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genital

pertaining to the reproductive organs

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hormonal

relating to hormones

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integumentary

pertaining to the skin of the body

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intestinal

pertaining to the large or small intstine

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invest

covee or surround a part of the body

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involuntary muscle

muscle tissues that are automatically controlled by the nervous system tissue

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larynx

upper part of the trachea (windpipe)

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lumbar

pertaining to the lower back

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lymphatic

pertaining to lymph or lymphatic vessels

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mediastinum

the mass of tissue and organs separating the two lungs

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metabolic

relating to metabolism

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mucous (adj.)

secreting mucus or covered by mucus

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mucus (n.)

slippery secretion of mucous membrane; acts like a lubrication

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muscle tissue

tissue with the power to contract and thus produce movement; can be skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, or cardiac muscle

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muscular

pertaining to the muscles

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nerve tissue

tissue that carries nerve impulses

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nervous

pertaining to the nerves

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peritoneum

membrane investing the abdominal cavity and viscera

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pleural cavity

space between lungs and pleura

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reproductive

concerning the production of offspring

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respiratory

pertaining to the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and body cells

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skeletal

pertaining to the bones of the body

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spinal cavity

spaces within the vertebrae houses the spinal cord

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striated

striped, as in the appearance of voluntary (skeletal) muscles

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thoracic cavity

space between the neck and diaphragm; houses the lungs

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urinary

pertaining to the system of urine excretion

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urogenital

pertaining to the organs of excretion and reproduction

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vascular

relating to vessels for passage of bodily fluids

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viscus (pl. viscera)

internal organ(s), particularly of the abdominal cavity

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voluntary muscle tissue

muscle tissue controlled by conscious effort; also called skeletal muscle