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Flashcards in Terrorism Deck (42)
0

WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF TERRORISM?

TERRORISM INVOLVES A CRIMINAL ACT, OFTEN SYMBOLIC IN NATURE, INTENDED TO INFLUENCE AN AUDIENCE BEYOND THE IMMEDIATE VICTIM. TERRORISM IS THE CALCULATED USE OF VIOLENCE OR THE THREAT OF VIOLENCE TO ATTAIN POLITICAL, RELIGIOUS, OR IDEOLOGICAL GOALS BY INSTILLING FEAR OR USING INTIMIDATION OR COERCION.

2

WHAT ARE THE ELEVEN TYPES OF TERRORIST ATTACKS?

1) BOMBING.
2) HIJACKING/VEHICLE THEFT.
3) SKYJACKING/AIRCRAFT THEFT.
4) ARSON.
5) AMBUSHES.
6) KIDNAPPINGS.
7) HOSTAGE TAKING.
8) ROBBERIES AND EXPROPRIATIONS.
9) PSYCHOLOGICAL TERROR.
10) BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL ATTACKS.
11) ASSASSINATIONS.

3

WHAT THREE MEASURES SHOULD BE TAKEN TO HELP PREVENT BEING A TERRORIST TARGET?

1) KEEP A LOW PROFILE.
2) BE UNPREDICTABLE.
3) REMAIN VIGILANT.

4

WHAT ARE THE THREE BASIC TERRORIST STRATEGIES?

1) MASS STRATEGY.
2) RIGHT STRATEGY.
3) LEFT STRATEGY.

5

WHAT ARE THE THREE BASIC CHARACTERISTIC TERRORIST?

1) CRUSADERS.
2) CRIMINALS.
3) CRAZIES.

6

WHAT ARE THE THREE BASIC TYPES OF TERRORIST GROUPS?

1) NATIONAL TERRORIST.
2) TRANSNATIONAL TERRORIST.
3) INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST.

7

WHAT ARE THE FOUR MAIN POLICIES THE UNITED STATES HAS TOWARDS TERRORISM?

1) ALL TERRORIST ACTIONS ARE CRIMINAL AND INTOLERABLE, WHATEVER THEIR MOTIVATION, AND SHOULD BE CONDEMNED.
2) ALL LAWFUL MEASURES TO PREVENT SUCH ACTS AND BRING TO JUSTICE THOSE WHO COMMIT THEM WILL BE TAKEN.
3) THE U.S. WILL NOT BARGIN OR MAKE ANY CONCESSIONS TO TERRORIST BLACKMAIL. TO DO SO WOULD INVITE FURTHER DEMANDS.
4) WHEN AMERICANS ARE ABDUCTED OVERSEAS, THE UNITED STATES WILL CONTINUE TO CULTIVATE INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION TO COMBAT TERRORISM AND SECURE A SAFE RELEASE OF THE HOSTAGES.

8

WHAT ARE THE FOUR COMMON CHARACTERISTICS OF TERRORIST OPERATIONS?

1) DYNAMIC.
2) SIMPLE.
3) HIT AND RUN.
4) DESIGNED FOR THEIR IMPACT.

9

WHAT ARE THE FIVE PHASES OF A TERRORIST OPERATION?

1) PRE-INCIDENT PHASE.
2) INITIATION PHASE.
3) CLIMAX PHASE.
4) POST- INCIDENT PHASE.
5) NEGOTIATION PHASE.

10

WHERE DO TERRORIST OFTEN RECEIVE THEIR TRAINING?

AWAY FROM THEIR HOMELAND IN COUNTRIES SYMPATHETIC TO THEIR CAUSE.

11

WHAT ARE THE FOUR PHASES USED TO ESTABLISH PROTECTION AGAINST TERRORIST BOMBINGS?

1) PLANNING FOR PROTECTION.
2) ASSESSMENT OF THE THREAT.
3) VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT.
4) MINIMIZE VULNERABILITY.

12

WHAT SIX ACTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN FOR A TELEPHONE BOMB THREAT?

1) TRY TO KEEP A VERBATIM RECORD OF THE CONVERSATION.
2) ATTEMPT TO OBTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT THE CALLER.
3) ATTEMPT TO KEEP THE CALLER TALKING TO OBTAIN INFORMATION.
4) SUMMON ASSISTANCE TO TRACE THE CALL AND CORROBORATE FACTS.
5) COMPLY WITH ANY REQUEST.
6) BE ALERT FOR WARNING CONTAINING A CODE WORD.

13

WHAT ARE FOUR FACTS TO BE OBTAINED DURING A BOMB THREAT?

1) WHICH UNIT OR INSTALLATION IS INVOLVED.
2) THE TIME PERIOD OF THE THREAT.
3) FROM WHOM DOES THE THREAT COME.
4) THE NATURE OF THE THREAT.

14

WHAT ARE THREE USEFUL FACTORS TO OBTAIN DURING A BOMB THREAT?

1) VOICE CHARACTERISTICS.
2) BACKGROUND NOISES.
3) CALLER'S KNOWLEDGE OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES.

15

WHAT ARE THE TWELVE SIGNS WHICH COULD INDICATE A PACKAGE OR LETTER BOMB?

1) NO RETURN ADDRESS.
7) RESTRICTIVE MARKINGS.
2) EXCESSIVE POSTAGE.
8) RIGID OR BULKY.
3) MAILED FROM A FOREIGN COUNTRY
9) LOPSIDED.
4) BADLY TYPED OR WRITTEN.
10) OILY STAINS ON WRAPPING.
5) MISSPELLED WORDS ADDRESSED TO TITLE ONLY
11) PROTRUDING WIRES
6) WRONG TITLE OR NAME.
12) STRANGE ODOR

16

WHAT ARE THREE PRECAUTIONS TO TAKE REGARDING MAIL?

1) NEVER ACCEPT MAIL AT YOUR HOME IN A FOREIGN COUNTRY.
2) MAKE SURE FAMILY MEMBERS AND CLERICAL STAFF KNOW TO REFUSE ALL UNEXPECTED MAIL AT HOME OR THE OFFICE.
3) REMEMBER - IT MAY BE A BOMB - TREAT IT AS SUCH.

17

WHAT ARE EIGHT PROTECTIVE STEPS IN SELECTING LIVING QUARTERS?

1) NEIGHBORHOOD CHECK.
2) CRIME LEVEL.
3) POLICE SECURITY CAPABILITY.
4) UTILITIES SERVICE AND PROTECTION.
5) FIRE PROTECTION.
6) ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS.
7) ACCESS ROUTES.
8) PARKING.

18

WHAT ARE THE NINE STEPS AN INDIVIDUAL CAN USE TO MAINTAIN A LOW PROFILE?

1) ATTEMPT TO BLEND IN WITH YOUR SURROUNDINGS.
2) AVOID SHOWING MATERIAL WEALTH.
3) DRIVE AN INCONSPICUOUS VEHICLE.
4) USE UNMARKED PARKING SPACES AND VARY WHERE YOU PARK.
5) DO NOT PLACE YOUR FAMILY NAME ON YOUR CAR OR HOME.
6) MAINTAIN AN UNLISTED PHONE NUMBER.
7) AVOID PUBLICITY.
8) INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR HOME, CAR, FAMILY, SECURITY EFFORTS, AND ACTIVITIES SHOULD BE KNOWN ONLY BY IMMEDIATE FAMILY, FRIENDS, AND SECURITY PERSONNEL, AND ONLY ON A NEED-TO-KNOW BASIS.
9) AVOID ISTABLISHING DAILY ROUTINES.

19

WHEN DO THE MAJORITY OF TERRORIST ATTACKS ACCUR?

WHILE IN TRANSIT FROM HOME OR OFFICE.

20

WHAT ARE THE EIGHT TRAVEL PRECAUTIONS THAT CAN HELP YOU OR YOUR FAMILY TO AVOID POSSIBLE TERRORIST ATTACKS?

1) AVOID ROUTINES WHILE TRAVELING.
2) HAVE A WORKING KNOWLEDGE OF THE LOCAL LANGUAGE.
3) TRAVEL IN GROUPS WHEN POSSIBLE.
4) AVOID ISOLATED AREAS, DANGER AREAS, CIVIL DISTURBANCES AND CROWDS.
5) BE ALERT AND NOTE ANYONE WHO APPEARS TO BE FOLLOWING.
6) KEEP EMERGENCY NUMBERS HANDY AND ALWAYS CARRY EXACT CHANGE FOR A PHONE CALL.
7) KEEP YOUR COMMAND AND FAMILY CONSTANTLY AWARE OF YOUR LOCATION.
8) ENSURE ALL YOUR PERSONAL MATTERS ARE IN ORDER.

21

WHAT ARE THE TWELVE AUTO SAFETY TIPS?

1) ALWAYS KEEP YOUR VEHICLE IN GOOD MECHANICAL CONDITION AND YOUR GAS TANK AT LEAST HALF FULL.
2) ALWAYS CHECK OVER YOUR CAR BEFORE GETTING IN.
3) DRIVE WITH YOUR CAR DOORS LOCKED AND THE WINDOWS CLOSED AND SECURE YOUR CAR WHEN UNATTENDED.
4) NEVER PICK UP HITCHHIKERS OR STRANGERS.
5) MEMORIZE THE LOCATION OF SAFE HAVENS ALONG YOUR REGULAR ROUTES. POLICE AND FIRE STATIONS, OR ANY BUSY PLACE, ARE EXCELLENT HAVENS.
6) DO NOT STOP FOR ACCIDENTS OR OTHER PROBLEMS. DRIVE AWAY TO A PHONE AND CALL FOR ASSISTANCE.
7) IF YOU ARE INVOLVED IN AN MINOR ACCIDENT, AND FEEL THERE IS IMMINENT DANGER TO YOU AND YOUR
PASSENGERS, DRIVE AWAY AND ASSESS THE DAMAGE AT A PUBLIC LOCATION. THEN REPORT THE ACCICENT.
8) ALWAYS USE YOUR SEATBELT.
9) ON MULTI-LANE HIGHWAYS, DRIVE IN THE CENTER LANE TO MAKE IT MORE DIFFICULT TO FORCE YOUR CAR TO THE CURB.
10) IF YOU FACE A SUSPICIOUS BLOCKADE, AVOID IT BY DRIVING IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION BE PREPARED TO ESCAPE BY GOING AROUND THE OBSTACLES OR BY RAMMING.
11) AVOID DRIVING CLOSE BEHIND OTHER VEHICLES OR IN ANY SITUATION WHERE YOU CAN BE BOXED IN.
12) IF YOU MUST LEAVE YOUR CAR KEYS WITH AN ATTENDANT, LEAVE ONLY THE IGNITION KEY.

22

WHAT ARE THE NINE PERSONAL PROTECTION MEASURES?

1) AVOID USING PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION WHEN POSSIBLE; HOWEVER, BUSES AND TRAINS ARE PREFERRED TO TAXIS.
2) LUGGAGE SHOULD BE VOID OF MARKINGS LINKING YOU WITH THE U.S.GOVERNMENT.
3) PATRONIZE REPUTABLE HOTELS ONLY.
4) AVOID HOTEL PAGING.
5) DO NOT STAY IN HOTEL ROOMS LOCATED ON THE FIRST FLOOR OR THAT ARE EASILY ACCESSIBLE FROM THE OUTSIDE.
6) AVOID RIDING IN ELEVATORS.
7) MAKE RESERVATIONS IN TWO OR MORE HOTELS AND USE AN ASSUMED OR MODIFIED NAME.
8) WHEN IN A HOTEL, NOTE ALL ESCAPE ROUTES.
9) DO NOT DISCUSS TRAVEL PLANS OVER HOTEL PHONES.

23

WHAT ARE THREE AREAS TO CONSIDER IN PERSONAL CONTINGENCY PLANNING FOR HOSTAGE SURVIVAL?

1) HAVING A CURRENT WILL.
2) DRAWING UP APPROPRIATE POWER OF ATTORNEY.
3) STARTING ALLOTMENTS.

24

WHAT THE FOUR PHASES OF A HOSTAGE SITUATION?

1) CAPTURE.
2) TRANSPORTATION OR CONSOLIDATION.
3) HOLDING.
4) TERMINATION.

25

WHAT IN THE MOST CRITICAL AND DANGEROUS PHASE OF A TERRORIST OPERATION INVOLVING THE SEIZURE OF PEOPLE?

DURING THE TIME OF CAPTURE.

26

WHO MAKES THE DECISION TO RESIST OR SURRENDER DURING THE TIME OF CAPTURE?

YOU MAKE THE DECISION.

27

WHAT ARE THREE ITEMS TERRORIST USE TO RENDER A HOSTAGE HELPLESS?

1) BLINDFOLDS.
2) GAGS.
3) DRUGS.

28

WHAT ARE THE SEVEN STEPS OF CAPTIVITY IN THE HOLDING PHASE?

1) LIVING CONDITIONS.
5) BOREDOM.
2) FEAR.
6) MENTAL ACTIVITY.
3) TIME.
7) AFTERMATH.
4) RAPPORT.

29

WHAT ARE THE THREE TYPES OF PEACETIME DETENTION?

) HOSTILE GOVERNMENT DETENTION.
2) HOSTILE GOVERNMENT SPONSORED TERRORIST DETENTION.
3) INDEPENDENT TERRORIST GROUP DETENTION.

30

WHAT ARE TWO REASONS A HOSTILE GOVERNMENT OR TERRORIST ORGANIZATION WOULD TAKE A HOSTAGE?

1) PROPAGANDA.
2) TO COERCE THE GOVERNMENT TO TAKE A DESIRED ACTION.

31

WHAT ARE THE THREE RESPONSIBILITIES OF A MARINE IN REGARD TO THE CODE OF CONDUCT?

1) FAITH IN ONE'S COUNTRY AND ITS WAY OF LIFE.
2) FAITH IN FELLOW DETAINEES OR CAPTIVES.
3) FAITH IN ONE'S SELF.

32

WHAT IS THE PRIMARY GOAL OF A HOSTAGE AS IT PERTAINS TO THE CODE OF CONDUCT?

RESIST EXPLOITATION

33

WHAT ARE THREE FACTORS THAT WILL ASSIST PERSONNEL IN MAINTAINING THEIR MILITARY BEARING?

1) REMAIN CALM.
2) BE COURTEOUS.
3) PROJECT PERSONAL DIGNITY.

34

HOW FAR MUST A HOSTAGE GO TO RESIST IN THE GIVING OF CLASSIFIED INFORMATION TO HIS CAPTORS?

TO THE UTMOST OF HIS/HER ABILITY.

35

WHAT MUST A MARINE DO WHEN HELD HOSTAGE IN A GROUP?

ESTABLISH A MILITARY CHAIN OF COMMAND.

36

WHAT ARE FIVE POINTERS A MARINE SHOULD FOLLOW WHILE DETAINED BY A HOSTILE GOVERNMENT?

1) ASK TO SEE U.S. EMBASSY OR ALLIED OR NEUTRAL GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVES.
2) WILL NOT ACT AS COMBATANTS DURING EVASION ATTEMPTS DURING PEACETIME.
3) PROVIDE NAME, RANK, SSN, DATE OF BIRTH, AND INNOCENT CIRCUMSTANCES LEADING TO THEIR DETENTION.
4) SHOULD NOT REFUSE TO ACCEPT RELEASE UNLESS DOING SO REQUIRES THEM TO COMPROMISE THEIR HONOR OR
CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE U.S. GOVERNMENT OR ITS ALLIES.
5) ESCAPE ATTEMPTS WILL ONLY BE MADE AFTER CAREFUL CONSIDERATION OF RISK OF VIOLENCE CHANCE OSUCCESS, AND THE DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS ON DETAINEES LEFT BEHIND.

37

WHAT ARE THREE POINTERS A MARINE SHOULD FOLLOW WHILE DETAINED BY A TERRORIST GROUP?

1) DURING A CAPTURE REMAIN CALM AND COURTEOUS.
2) CONVEY A PERSONAL DIGNITY AND APPARENT SINCERITY TO THE CAPTORS.
3) SHOULD ACCEPT RELEASE UNLESS DOING SO WOULD COMPROMISE THEIR HONOR, CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE U.S. GOVERNMENT OR ITS ALLIES.

38

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE A TERRORIST WOULD USE A BOMB AS A TACTIC?

TO GATHER HEADLINES, CREATE FEAR, AND TO DESTROY PERSONNEL OR MATERIAL.

39

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE A TERRORIST WOULD USE KIDNAPPING AS A TACTIC?

PRIMARILY AS A MONEYMAKING SCHEME; HOWEVER, A KIDNAPPING HAS OTHER BENEFITS THAT A GROUP MAY EXPLOIT SUCH AS PUBLICITY, RELEASE OF JAILED COMRADES OR FORCING THE GOVERNMENT INTO GRANTING CONCESSIONS.

40

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE A TERRORIST WOULD USE HIJACKING AS A TACTIC?

TO DISRUPT THE ECONOMY, EMBARRASS THE GOVERNMENT, GAIN CONCESSIONS FROM THE TARGETED GOVERNMENT, AND TO GAIN POPULAR SUPPORT.

41

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE A TERRORIST WOULD USE AMBUSH AS A TACTIC?

TO KIDNAP OR KILL THE VICTIM.

42

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE A TERRORIST WOULD USE MAIMING AS A TACTIC?

DEFECTIONS, OR INFORMING.