Test 1 Flashcards Preview

U.S. History 2 > Test 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (55):
1

What is the " Frontier Hero"?

The idea that Americans were rugged, masculine, white, etc.

2

The "Western Cattle Drive" promoted what?

A western adventurous team-based theme.

3

What was the first time government had interaction with private enterprise?

The Transcontinental Railroads.

4

Homestead Act of 1862.

Made "squatting" legal. Legally gave the squatted land title to the farmers after 5 years.

5

Exodusters

Homesteaders that had temporary dirt-houses and a farm.

6

Nellie Ross

First female governor in 1925. Sparked Individualism for woman and woman.s suffrage.

7

1869 (woman)

Woman were given the right to vote.

8

Benjamin Harrison

Promoted Land and water preservation.

9

1905 National Forest Service.

Promoted resource management more than preservation. (Gifford Pinchot)

10

Monumentalism

The need to preserve great natural monuments. (Roosavelt)

11

John Muir

Scottish immigrant that promoted monumentalism and preservation.

12

Reservations

After the civil war, Native Americans were forced to relocate to "reservations". Reservations were very harsh living conditions.

13

Cheyenne

A rebellious native american tribe.

14

Red River War 1874

Military campaign launched by the United States Army in 1874 to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Native American tribes from the Southern Plains and forcibly relocate them to reservations.

15

Sioux Wars

A series of conflicts between the United States and various subgroups of the Sioux people that occurred in the later half of the 19th century.

16

Treaty of fort Laramy

Made the Sioux stay on land "until the grass stopped growing".

17

Little Big Horn - 1876

A battle between the Sioux and The U.S. The Sioux end up winning.

18

The Alamo - 1836

A battle between the U.S. and Mexico at the Alamo. Mexico is the victor.

19

Jospeh of the Nez Perce

Was the Chief of the Nez Perce tribe. Tried to peacefully leave the U.S. to Canada. Were chased after by U.S. soldiers and forced to stay in reservations.

20

Helen Hunt Jackson

Spoke out against reservations, assimilated Indians and published "a sense of dishonor".

21

The Daws Act

Gave land to individual families.

22

Flathead Allotment Act - 1994

Created the Flathead Reservation. Reservation land was gradually taken from them.

23

Severed Native Americans

could no longer believe their beliefs or participate in their practices.

24

Wounded Knee - 1890

Last major battle of the American Indian Wars.

25

Indian Reorganization Act (John Collier)

An act that tried to restore Native American Lands and beliefs.

26

Gilded Age

The rapid industrialization and urbanization of the gilded age generated extraordinary wealth, but only for a few.

27

Organizational Revolution

Bureaucracy,organization, standards for jobs.

28

Pendleton Civil Service Reform - 1883

Created:
Civil service commission.
Merit-based hiring
No campaign contributions
No removal for political reasons.

29

Monopoly

The exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service.

30

Andrew Carnegie

Steel Tycoon, Monopoly guy.

31

John D. Rocafeller

Oil Tycoon

32

The Grange

Farmers Union

33

Farmers Alliance

Sought Political participation, Another Farmers Union.

34

The People's Party (Populus) - 1892

Supported the "common man".
Directly elected senators
Viewed poorly by other parties

35

William Jennings Bryan

Democrat that was also a Populus

36

William Mckinley -1896

Won the election of 1896. Created the gold standard and political poling.

37

Wizard of Oz

"Populus story"

38

Social Darwinism

The inevitability of racial superiority. "survival of the fittest"

39

Alfred Thayer Mahan

Noticed our inferior naval power and sought to expand it.

40

Yellow Journalism

Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers.

41

USS Maine

Ship that exploded which inevitably started the Spanish-American war.

42

Platt Amendment

Cuba:
Provided land for U.S. bases in Cuba.
Repaid the U.S. war debt.
Prohibiting the signing of treaties that would stop the U.S.

43

Phillipines vs. U.S. - 1899-1902

Phillipines becomes an American colony

44

Roosevelt

1900 - becomes vice president.
1904 - elected as president.

45

Ellis Island

Port where people came into the United States.

46

1870-1920

Major immigration period.

47

Push Factors

Economic Hardship
Religious Persecution
Political Refugees

48

Pull Factors

Economics - agricultural and industrial
Religious Freedom
Often not permanent

49

Ghettos

Areas that contain people of the same ethnicity.

50

The Progressive Movement

Similar to populism.
Addressed work safety, child labor, urban housing, temperance, birth control and other social problems.

51

Sweatshops

Poor work conditions that included child labor and exploitive labor issues.

52

Progressive Ideas

Rejected Gilded Age excesses and social Darwinism.
Embraced community action.
New American Liberalism.

53

Progressive Methods

Scientific Method
Collecting Data
Muckraking (Yellow Journalism)
Legislation
Community Action.

54

Jane Adams and Settlement House Movement

Promoted:
Unions
Investigation
Temerance

55

Margaret Sange - 1916

challenged sexual practices and promoted woman's rights.