Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (55):
What is the " Frontier Hero"?
The idea that Americans were rugged, masculine, white, etc.
The "Western Cattle Drive" promoted what?
A western adventurous team-based theme.
What was the first time government had interaction with private enterprise?
The Transcontinental Railroads.
Homestead Act of 1862.
Made "squatting" legal. Legally gave the squatted land title to the farmers after 5 years.
Homesteaders that had temporary dirt-houses and a farm.
First female governor in 1925. Sparked Individualism for woman and woman.s suffrage.
Woman were given the right to vote.
Promoted Land and water preservation.
1905 National Forest Service.
Promoted resource management more than preservation. (Gifford Pinchot)
The need to preserve great natural monuments. (Roosavelt)
Scottish immigrant that promoted monumentalism and preservation.
After the civil war, Native Americans were forced to relocate to "reservations". Reservations were very harsh living conditions.
A rebellious native american tribe.
Red River War 1874
Military campaign launched by the United States Army in 1874 to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Native American tribes from the Southern Plains and forcibly relocate them to reservations.
A series of conflicts between the United States and various subgroups of the Sioux people that occurred in the later half of the 19th century.
Treaty of fort Laramy
Made the Sioux stay on land "until the grass stopped growing".
Little Big Horn - 1876
A battle between the Sioux and The U.S. The Sioux end up winning.
The Alamo - 1836
A battle between the U.S. and Mexico at the Alamo. Mexico is the victor.
Jospeh of the Nez Perce
Was the Chief of the Nez Perce tribe. Tried to peacefully leave the U.S. to Canada. Were chased after by U.S. soldiers and forced to stay in reservations.
Helen Hunt Jackson
Spoke out against reservations, assimilated Indians and published "a sense of dishonor".
The Daws Act
Gave land to individual families.
Flathead Allotment Act - 1994
Created the Flathead Reservation. Reservation land was gradually taken from them.
Severed Native Americans
could no longer believe their beliefs or participate in their practices.
Wounded Knee - 1890
Last major battle of the American Indian Wars.
Indian Reorganization Act (John Collier)
An act that tried to restore Native American Lands and beliefs.
The rapid industrialization and urbanization of the gilded age generated extraordinary wealth, but only for a few.
Bureaucracy,organization, standards for jobs.
Pendleton Civil Service Reform - 1883
Civil service commission.
No campaign contributions
No removal for political reasons.
The exclusive possession or control of the supply or trade in a commodity or service.
Steel Tycoon, Monopoly guy.
John D. Rocafeller
Sought Political participation, Another Farmers Union.
The People's Party (Populus) - 1892
Supported the "common man".
Directly elected senators
Viewed poorly by other parties
William Jennings Bryan
Democrat that was also a Populus
William Mckinley -1896
Won the election of 1896. Created the gold standard and political poling.
Wizard of Oz
The inevitability of racial superiority. "survival of the fittest"
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Noticed our inferior naval power and sought to expand it.
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers.
Ship that exploded which inevitably started the Spanish-American war.
Provided land for U.S. bases in Cuba.
Repaid the U.S. war debt.
Prohibiting the signing of treaties that would stop the U.S.
Phillipines vs. U.S. - 1899-1902
Phillipines becomes an American colony
1900 - becomes vice president.
1904 - elected as president.
Port where people came into the United States.
Major immigration period.
Economics - agricultural and industrial
Often not permanent
Areas that contain people of the same ethnicity.
The Progressive Movement
Similar to populism.
Addressed work safety, child labor, urban housing, temperance, birth control and other social problems.
Poor work conditions that included child labor and exploitive labor issues.
Rejected Gilded Age excesses and social Darwinism.
Embraced community action.
New American Liberalism.
Muckraking (Yellow Journalism)
Jane Adams and Settlement House Movement