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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (51):
1

Systematic Anatomy

Study of the systems such as cardiovascular, respiratory, nervous, digestive systems

2

Regional Anatomy

Study of the body by areas. Like head and neck, extremities, and abdomen.

3

Surface Anatomy

Study of external features, such as bony projections, that help locate internal structures.

4

Anatomic Imaging

Uses special imaging, like (x-rays, MRIs, and ultrasounds) to create pictures of internal structures

5

Physiology

The process and function of living things

6

Dynamic

Moving. Good for the body

7

Static

Not moving. At rest.

8

Human Physiology

Is the study of specific organisms within the human body.

9

Chemical

Multiple chemicals together makes a cell

10

Cells

Multiple cells together makes a tissue.

11

Tissue

Multiple tissues together makes an organ.

12

Organ

Multiple organs together makes an organ system.

13

Organ Systems

Multiple organ systems together makes an organism.

14

Organelles

"Little organ" of a cell.

15

Cytoplasm

Living material surrounding the nucleus
Contains many types of organelles

16

Nucleus

Contains DNA of the cell.
"Brain of cell" chromosomes

17

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

Makes proteins and lipids.

18

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

With ribosomes
Synthesis protein

19

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

Without ribosomes
Makes Lipids

20

Golgi Apparatus

Collects, modifies, packages and distributes proteins and lipids that are manufactured by ER

21

Secretory Vesicles

Contents are released to the exterior of the cell

22

Anatomy

Study of the structure of the human body

23

Mitochondria

ATP production. The "power house" of the cell

24

Homeostasis

Homeo (same)- stasis(standing)
Maintaining the balance. Body trying to stay normal.

25

Negative feedback

Is good! Homeostasis at work

26

Positive feedback

Is bad. Body is becoming less healthy

27

pH levels

0-14 scale. 0- Acidic, 14-Basic or Alkaline, 7-Neutral. Body wants to be neutral.

28

The 11 major Organ Systems

1.Integumentary(skin)
2.Skeletal 3.Muscular 4.Lymphatic 5.Respiratory 6.Digestive 7.Nervous 8.Endocrine(hormones) 9.Cardio 10.Urinary 11.Reproductive

29

Basic (Alkaline)

pH > 7
14 most alkaline or basic
Ex: Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH)

30

Neutral

pH at 7.0
Is in balance
Ex: Distilled water
Blood is 7.4

31

Types of Tissues and Tissue Systems

1.Epithelial 2.Connective 3.Muscle 4.Nervous

32

Epithelial Tissue

Epi - on or above
Thele - covering or lining
Fxn: protects underlying structures, secrete substances

33

Acidic pH

0-6.9
HCL

34

Simple

1 layer. Thin

35

Stratified

2 or more layers. Thicker and more protection.

36

Squamosal

Scale like

37

Cuboidal

Cube like

38

Columnar

Column like

39

The 3 Muscles we have
(aka mm fibers)

1. Skeletal, e:bicep brachii
2. Cardiac, e: heart mm
3. Smooth, e: hollow organs like digestive system

40

Enzyme

A substance produced by a living organism that acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction

41

Hydrophobic

Doesn't combine with or dissolve by water.

42

Hydrophilic

Having a tendency to mix with, dissolve in, or be wetted by water.

43

Polysaccharide

A carb whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together

44

Disaccharide

Any of a class of sugars whose molecules contain 2 monosaccharide residues

45

Monosaccharide

Any of a class of sugars that cannot be hydrolyzed to give a simpler sugar

46

Connective Tissue (CT)

Material that separates cells. Fxn: Encloses and separates. Adipose tissue (fat) stores energy

47

Melanin

(Skin) Lack of equals. Albino

48

Oncology

The study and treatment of tumors.

49

Hypodermis

Lowest layer of skin. Skin rests on this foundation.

50

Dermis

Middle layer of skin. The majority of the skin is here, follicles and glands start here

51

Epidermis

Top layer of skin. Where hair continues and exits skin. Scale like. Self replenishing