Test # 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test # 1 Deck (127):
1

Sagittal plane

Body divided down the midline

2

Frontal plane

Body divided into front and back

3

Transverse plane

Body divided at the waist into upper and lower

4

Superior

Closer to head

5

Inferior

Closer to feet

6

Posterior

Towards rear of body

7

Anterior

Towards the front of body

8

Medial

Closer to the midline of body

9

Lateral

Away from the midline of body

10

Distal

Further from point of attachment

11

Proximal

Closer to point of attachment

12

Superficial

Close to the surface of the body

13

Deep

Deeper in the body

14

Tibia

Shin bone

15

Medial condyle of the tibia

Bump on inside of knee

16

Tibial tuberosity

Distal part of knee cap

17

Frontal region

Forehead

18

Parietal region

Top of head

19

Temporal region

Side of head

20

Occipital region

Back of head

21

Orbital/ocular region

Eye

22

Nasal region

Nose

23

Infraorbital region

Under eye

24

Oral region

Mouth

25

Mental region

Chin

26

Buccal region

Cheeks

27

Zygomatic region

Cheek bone by nose

28

Medial malleolus of tibia

Bump of ankle medial side

29

Fibula

Smaller lower leg bone

30

Lateral malleolus of tibia

Bump on ankle lateral side

31

Gastrocnemius muscle

Calf

32

Sagittal suture

Middle of head
Can be palpated by moving the fingers from side to side over the superior portion of scalp

33

Coronal suture

Separates parietal and frontal bones

34

Lambdoid suture

Separates parietal and occipital bones

35

External occipital protuberance

The most prominent bony feature of the posterior aspect of the skull

36

Orbit

Eye socket

37

Nasal bones

Bones in nose

38

Mandible

Jaw

39

Superficial temporal artery

Anterior to ear in temple
Pulse can be felt

40

Temporomandibular joint

Felt by opening and closing jaw

41

Zygomatic arch

Cheek bone

42

External auditory canal

Extending from external ear to eardrum

43

Mastoid process

Located posterior to external ear

44

Thyroid cartilage

Adam's apple

45

Hyoid bone

Supports larynx

46

Cricoid cartilage

In neck
Inferior to thyroid cartilage

47

Thyroid gland

Deep to thyroid cartilage

48

Sternocleidomastoid muscles

Neck muscle

49

Carotid arteries

Side of neck

50

External jugular veins

Side of neck

51

Trapezius muscles

V down back

52

Vertebral spines

Neck bones

53

Scapulae

Lifts scapula

54

Latissimus Dorsi muscle

Lower back up to armpit

55

Erector spinae (sacrospinalis) muscle

Parallel to spine

56

Infraspinatus muscle

On Scapula

57

Teres major muscle

Armpit to spine

58

Posterior axillary fold

Posterior wall of axilla (armpit)

59

Clavicle

Collar bone

60

Jugular notch

Top of sternum

61

Manubrium of sternum

Superior part

62

Body of sternum

Middle

63

Sternal angle of sternum

Formed by junction of manubrium and body of sternum

64

Xiphoid process of sternum

Inferior part

65

Ribs

True
False
Floating

66

Costal margins

Upside down v

67

Pectoralis major muscle

Pecs

68

Serratus anterior muscle

Cover ribs

69

Anterior axillary folds

Formed by lateral border of pecs
Forms anterior wall of axilla

70

Umbilicus

Belly button

71

External oblique muscle

Side of abs

72

Rectus abdominis muscle

Abs

73

Linea alba

Middle of 6 pack

74

Iliac crest

Arch of pelvis

75

Anterior iliac spine

Bone that sticks out in front

76

Poster superior iliac spine

Superior to gluteal cleft

77

Pubic tubercle

Top of pubic bone

78

Inguinal ligament

Makes v

79

Inguinal canal

Holds spermatic cord and round ligament of uterus

80

Pubic symphysis

Gap of pelvis

81

Mons pubis

Fat between skin and bone

82

Sacrum

Superior to coccyx

83

Coccyx

Tip of tail bone

84

Acromioclavicular joint

Top of shoulder
Torn shoulder

85

Acromion

Corner back shoulder
Makes a bump

86

Humerus

Big bone of arm

87

Deltoid

Over shoulder

88

Biceps brachii muscle

Bicep

89

Triceps brachii muscle

Tricep

90

Medial epicondyle

Bump on elbow
Medial side

91

Ulnar nerve

Ulna to hand
Funny bone

92

Lateral epicondyle

Bump on elbow
Lateral side

93

Olecranon

Elbow

94

Cubical fossa

Crease of elbow

95

Ulna

Pinky side

96

Radius

Thumb side

97

Radial artery

Feel pulse in wrist

98

Pisiform bone

Bump in wrist

99

Anatomical snuffbox

Dent when flexing thumb

100

Wrist creases

Inside creases of wrist

101

Medicarpophangeal joint

Knuckles

102

Tendon of extensor digiti minimi muscle

Pinky tends

103

Tendon of extensor digitorum muscle

Connect to all but thumb

104

Extensor pollicis brevis muscle

Thumb

105

The article eminence

Pad of thumb

106

Hypothenar eminence

Pinky pad

107

Gluteus maximus muscle

Butt

108

Gluteus mediums muscle

Deep to maximus

109

Gluteal (natal) cleft

Butt crack

110

Ischial tuberosity

Butt bone

111

Greater trochanter

Horn of femur

112

Sartorius muscle

Starts at pelvis curves to middle of thing (medial)

113

Quadriceps femoris muscles

Quads

114

Adductor longus muscle

Medial of thigh

115

Hamstring muscles

Back of thigh

116

Patella

Knee cap

117

Patellar ligament

Straight down

118

Medial condyles of the femur and tibia

Bump on Medial knee

119

Lateral condyles of the femur and tibia

Lateral bump on knee

120

Popliteal fossa

Crease of knee

121

Tibial tuberosity

Distal to kneecap bump

122

Tibialis anterior muscle

Lateral to tibia

123

Tibia

Shin bone

124

Peroneus longus muscle

Closer to knee
Lateral to tibialis anterior muschle

125

Achilles tendon

By ankle

126

Tendons of extensor digitorum longus

All but big toe

127

Tendon of extensor hallucinating longus

Big toe