Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (35):
Tentative explanations of facts and relationships in science.
Private psychological activities that include thinking, perceiving, and feeling.
Directly observable and measurable actions.
Approach to knowledge based on systematic observations .
The science of behavior and mental processes.
Mental processes of perceiving, believing, thinking, remembering, knowing, deciding and so on.
The viewpoint in psychology that emphasizes the importance of cognitive processes, such as perception, memory, and thinking.
The perspective in psychology founded by Binet that focus on the measurement of mental functions.
The school of psychology that emphasizes the process of learning and the measurement of overt behavior.
The viewpoint in the most important aspects of our behavior are learned from other persons, in society-family, friends and culture.
Social Learning Theory
The viewpoint in psychology that focuses on the nervous system in explaining behavior and mental processes.
The part of the mind of which we can never be directly aware; the sore-house of primitive instruct motives and of memories and emotions that have been repressed.
the psychological view that human beings possess an innate tendency to improve and the determine their lives through the decisions they make.
A method of psychotherapy developed by Freud bases in his belief that the root of all psychological problems is unconscious conflicts among the id, the ego, and the superego
Internal states or conditions that activate behavior and give direction.
Each person sense of belonging to a particular ethnic group.
A group of persons who are descendants of a common group of ancestors.
The patterns of behavior, beliefs, and values shared by a group of people.
One's view of oneself as male or female
The perspective that promotes thinking of different cultures in relative terms rather than judgmental terms.
Psychologists who use knowledge of psychology to solve and prevent human problems.
The perspective in psychology that the psychological characteristics of human and nonhuman animals arose through natural selection.
The method of studying people while they are receiving psychological help from a mental health professional.
A research method based on recording behavior as it occurs in natural life setting.
A research method that uses interviews and questionnaires with individuals.
A research method that allows the researcher to manipulate the independent variable to study its effect on the dependent variable.
The group in an experiment that receives some value of the independent variable.
The requirement that participants be assigned randomly to experimental conditions in formal experiments rather than in a systematic way.
The requirement that all explanations for differences in the dependent variable are controlled in formal experiments, except for differences in conditions of independent variable.
A formal experiment in which the researcher who measures the dependent variable does not know which participants are in the experimental group or the control group.
Subtle but potential powerful unintentional influences on the dependent variable caused by experimenter's interacting differently with participants in the experimental and control groups.
Changes in behavior produced by a condition in a formal experiment though to be inert or inactive, such as an inactive pill.
A Predication based on a theory that is tested in a study.
A group a human or nonhuman research participants studied to learn about an entire population of human beings or animals.