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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (37):
1

Rules of language, how words are put together

Syntax

2

What words and parts of words mean

Morphology

3

Meaning of phrases and Sentences

Semantics

4

Rules of conversation and meaning of sentence through context

Pragmatics

5

Why read to children

Stimulates interest
Expands vocabulary
Learn sounds

6

Reading readiness

Phonemic awareness
Understand concepts of print
Handle book correctly

7

Phonemic awareness

Recognize spoken words consists of individual sounds

8

Alphabetical principle

Concept that speech is turned to speech
Read left from right

9

Reading is

Combining what you know and the writing on the page

10

Written language

Meaning of symbols
See adults writing squiggles into a story

11

Context skills

When reading new material
Picture clues
Predicting
Clues

12

Phonics skills

Knowing phoneme and graphemes
Break down words

13

Sight words

Know instantly without having to sound out

14

Sight word characteristics

Short
Commonly used
Can't be sounded out

15

When to help children

When frustrated
Know it's to hard

16

Troubled reader characteristics

Low self esteem
Doesn't want to try
Feeling failure

17

Troubled reader reading styles

Trouble focusing
Skip up and down
Inconsistent fluency

18

What is phonics

Using phonic or sound elements to determine pronunciation (breaking down)

19

When taught

K-3

20

Long vowel

Says its name
Lazy nice

21

Short vowel

Apple egg insect

22

Compound word

Joining two words
Snowball housecoat

23

Consonant digraph

Two consonants with blended sounds
Sh,ch,th,wh

24

Word family

Groups of words that have pattern
Ball,call,fall

25

Homographs

Words with same spelling different pronunciation

26

Homonyms

Spell same but has different meaning
Miss (girl) miss (fail)

27

Synonyms

Words that have the same meaning

28

Antonyms

Words with opposite meaning

29

Suffix

Added to end of base word

30

Prefix

At start of root word

31

Roots

Base that prefixes and suffixes can be added

32

3 components of language

Biological
Cognitive
Social aspects of environment

33

Phonemes

Sounds
English is made of 44
All words made with them

34

Graphemes

Individual letters or letter combinations

35

Morphemes

Combination of graphemes

36

Free morphemes

Stand by themselves
Run play

37

Bound morphemes

Must be attached to free morpheme
Unhappy pre game