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Flashcards in Test 1 Deck (46)
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1

the order of the horse’s digestive system.

Mouth- esophagus- stomach – small intestine- large intestine- cecum- large colon- small colon- rectum anus

2

volume of stomach

8-19 quarts

3

volume of small intestine

68 quarts

4

volume of cecum

28-36 quarts

5

volume of large colon

86 quarts

6

length of Duodenum

3-4 feet long

7

length of Large Colon

10-12 feet

8

mouth

food and water enters through PREHENSION gets masticated and goes to the esophagus

9

esophagus

tube at back of throat that leads to the stomach

10

stomach

causes chemical digestion there are 3 regions gastric fermentation occurs

11

saccus caecus

common region for ulcers because the acid washes up if there is no food
most bacterial fermentation occurs here

12

fundic region

enzymatic digestion

13

pyloric region

leads to small intestine

14

small intestine

: digesta enters and glucose (carbs and fat) and most protein is absorbed

15

three regions of small intestine

duodenum, jejunum, ileum

16

what makes up the large intestine

large and small colon and the rectum

17

cecum

Fermentation vat
1-1.5 days to pass through major place where fibre breaks down
located on right side of body
known as a blind ended sac

18

large colon

nutrient and water absorbed: four regions separated by flexures

19

what are the four regions of the large colon

right ventral colon and sternal flexure
left ventral colonanad pelvic flexure
left dorsal colon
right dorsal colon

20

small colon

water absorbtion

21

rectum

exit point

22

carbs

provides energy to maintain proper gut function

23

protein

cell and tissue development

24

fat

energy and fat soluble vitamins

25

vitamins and minerals

needed in small amounts to enable hair and hoof growth

26

what is in food

Food = dry matter and water
Dry matter = vitamins/ minnerals+ carbs+ proteins/ lipids
all of it = energy

27

what is water required for

- Transporting nutrients around the body
- Thermoregulation
- Metabolism
- Excretion of waste
- Gut functions

28

what are carbs made up of

- hydrogen
-water
-carbon
2:1 hydrogen to oxygen ratio

29

three forms of carbs

sugar
starch
dietary fiver

30

legumes

clover and alfalfa high in protein calcium and energy