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Flashcards in Test 1 Flashcards Deck (80):
1

Lion Human Artist

unknown

2

Lion Human Date

c30,000-26,000 BCE

3

Lion Human Significances

•One of the larges of its time
•Portable
•Shows creative thought
•Shows a great deal of skill

4

Lion Human Period

Prehistoric Period

5

Woman from Willendorf Artist

unknown

6

Woman from Willendorf Date

c. 24,000 BCE

7

Woman from Willendorf Period

Prehistoric Period

8

Woman from Willendorf Significances

•Fertility figure
•Lack of facial features turns her into a type
•Shows a great deal of skill

9

Hall of Bulls Artist

unknown

10

Hall of Bulls Date

c. 15,000 BCE

11

Hall of Bulls Period

Prehistoric Period

12

Hall of Bulls Significances

•Paintings used for ritualistic purposes
•Used for target practice
•Used or created by different people at different times

13

Bird-Headed Man with Bison Artist

unknown

14

Bird-Headed Man with Bison Date

c. 15,000 BCE

15

Bird-Headed Man with Bison Period

Prehistoric Period

16

Bird-Headed Man with Bison Significances

•First time a man appears in art
•Narrative
•Dots represent a symbolic language

17

Twelve Votive Figures Artist

unknown

18

Twelve Votive Figures Date

c2900-2500 BCE

19

Twelve Votive Figures Period

Ancient Near East Period

20

Twelve Votive Figures Significances

•Provide continuous worship
•Typical abstracted features of this era
•Hierarchical scale

21

Head of a Man aka Akkadian Ruler Artist

unknown

22

Head of a Man aka Akkadian Ruler Date

c2300-2200 BCE

23

Head of a Man aka Akkadian Ruler Period

Ancient Near East Period

24

Head of a Man aka Akkadian Ruler Significances

•Largest lost-wax casting method of its time
•Mixture of realism and abstraction
•Purposeful damage due to problems with ruler
•Art is used to glorify a king

25

Stele of Naram-Sin Artist

unknown

26

Stele of Naram-Sin Date

2254-2218 BCE

27

Stele of Naram-Sin Period

Ancient Near East Period

28

Stele of Naram-Sin Significances

•First time a king is represented as a god
•Example of hierarchical scale
•Depicts an actual battle
•Diagonal line creates drama and movement
•Filled with action which was rare for the time

29

Ziggurat at Ur Artist

unknown

30

Ziggurat at Ur Date

c. 2100-2050 BCE

31

Ziggurat at Ur Period

Ancient Near East Period

32

Ziggurat at Ur Significances

•Physical and spiritual center
•Bent-axis is for defensive and meditative purposes
•Precursors to the pyramids

33

Stele of Hammurabi Artist

unknown

34

Stele of Hammurabi Date

1792-1750 BCE

35

Stele of Hammurabi Period

Ancient Near East Period

36

Stele of Hammurabi Significances

•Codified the laws of his people
•Example of hierarchical scale
•Shamash is giving Hammurabi power
•Includes first written language called cuneiform
•Shows Hammurabi's semi-divine status

37

Palette of Narmer Artist

unknown

38

Palette of Narmer Date

c.2950 BCE

39

Palette of Narmer Period

Ancient Egypt

40

Palette of Narmer Significances

•For ceremonial eye makeup
•One of the first historical works of art
•Example of hierarchical scale
•Documents unification of upper and lower Egypt
•Sets standard for composite view of body

41

Khafre Artist

unknown

42

Khafre Date

c 2520-2494 BCE

43

Khafre Period

Ancient Egypt

44

Khafre Significances

•Diorite only for kings or queens
•It's a ka sculpture
•Ideal beauty is lean and muscular
•Throne shows unification of upper and lower Egypt
•Figures are wed to the stone to prevent breakage

45

Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut Artist

unknown

46

Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut Date

c 1473-1458 BCE

47

Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut Period

Ancient Egypt

48

Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut Significances

•They are carved, not built
•Temple and a tomb
•Most sophisticated building until the Greeks
•Contains images of her mythic birth

49

Akhenaton and his Family Artist

unknown

50

Akhenaton and his Family Date

c 1353-1336 BCE

51

Akhenaton and his Family Period

Ancient Egypt

52

Akhenaton and his Family Significances

•This is a sunken relief
•Rare level of informality
•Her throne shows her with equal or more power

53

Judgment of Hunefer Artist

unknown

54

Judgment of Hunefer Date

c 1285 BCE

55

Judgment of Hunefer Period

Ancient Egypt

56

Judgment of Hunefer Significances

•Books of the dead were guides to the afterlife
•First illuminated manuscript
•Return to traditional art after the amarna period

57

Bull Leaping Artist

unknown

58

Bull Leaping Date

c 1450-1375 BCE

59

Bull Leaping Period

Prehistoric Aegean

60

Bull Leaping Significances

•Image of a bull leaping is a common theme
•Probably a puberty ritual
•Ideal beauty is graceful, lean, and adorned
•figures are very active

61

Landscape (Spring Fresco) Artist

unknown

62

Landscape (Spring Fresco) Date

c 1630 BCE

63

Landscape (Spring Fresco) Period

Prehistoric Aegean

64

Landscape (Spring Fresco) Significances

•Unusually bright colors
•Sense of rhythmic movement
•Focus is on landscape
•Recalls the actual landscape of the area

65

Funerary Krater (aka Dipylon Vase) Artist

Hirschfeld Workshop

66

Funerary Krater (aka Dipylon Vase) Date

c750-735 BCE

67

Funerary Krater (aka Dipylon Vase) Period

Ancient Greek Period

68

Funerary Krater (aka Dipylon Vase) Significances

•Grave Marker
•Liquid offerings for the dead
•Shows correct moral conduct for a funeral
•No reference to the afterlife

69

Metropolitan (aka New York) Kouros Artist

unknown

70

Metropolitan (aka New York) Kouros Date

c600-590 BCE

71

Metropolitan (aka New York) Kouros Period

Ancient Greek Period

72

Metropolitan (aka New York) Kouros Significances

•Shows Egyptian influence
•Figure is not wed to the stone
•Odd Segmentation of the body
•Step is not believable
•Used for a grave marker

73

Temple of Hera I Artist

unknown

74

Temple of Hera I Date

c550-540 BCE

75

Temple of Hera I Period

Ancient Greek Period

76

Temple of Hera I Significances

•2:1 ratio
•Unusual temple plan
•Best surviving archaic temple
•Aligned on an east-west axis

77

Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game Artist

Exekias

78

Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game Date

c540-530 BCE

79

Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game Period

Ancient Greek Period

80

Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game Significances

•Highly sophisticated black figure technique
•Exekias invented the red figure technique
•Red figure allows greater artistic freedom
•Bilingual vase