Test 1 Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 1 Part 1 Deck (36):
1

What is the measure of long term blood sugar control?

Hgb A1C

2

What is the normal percent of hemoglobin that is glycosylated ?

4-6%

3

What in an abnormal measurement for percent of hemaglobin glycosylated ?

>6.4

4

What are stool testings used for?

Fat malabsorption, GI flora, blood, pathogens

5

What is ordered with unexplained anemia?

Fecal occult blood test

6

What cytokines let you know their is inflammation?

IL-1 beta, TNF-a, IL-6

7

How can cytokines and eicosanoids cause edema?

They increase muscle breakdown and cause redistribution of plasma proteins.

8

How do cytokines inhibit transferrin ?

They decrease production on RBC and pull iron away from hemoglobin to ferritin.

9

Are lab tests for anemia reliable when inflammation is present?

Noooooooooo nope nah

10

Size of RBC in microcytic anemia?

<80

11

Size of RBC in macrocytic anemia?

<99

12

Microcytic anemia is most likely what kind of deficiency?

Iron (maybe copper tho)

13

Macrocytic anemia is most likely what deficiency ?

Folate or B12`

14

Antioxidant vitamins?

C and E

15

Mineral with antioxidant role?

She

16

Photochemicals with oxidative stress/

Carotenoids

17

What are some aox enzymes?

Superoxide mutase, catalase, glutathione

18

What is the biomarker found in urine for oxidative stress?

F2-isoprostates

19

What is the enzyme that oxidizes LDL?

Myeloperoxidase (MPO)

20

What is used to measure carotienoid level In skin?

Raman spectroscopy

21

What deficiency is associated with poor wound healing?

Protein, vit C, zinc

22

A deficiency in what is associated with pallor?

Iron, folate, b12

23

A deficiency in what is associated with general dermatitis ?

Zinc EFA

24

A deficiency in what is associated with follicular hyperkeratotsis ?

Vit A or EFA

25

A deficiency in what is associated with petechiae or ecchymoses?

Vitamin K or C

26

A deficiency in what is associated with dementia?

Thiamin, nicain, b12

27

A deficiency in what is associated with tetany ?

Calcium or magnesium def, sodium or phos excess

28

What are components of the funtional nutritional assessment?

Ingestion, digestion, utilization.

29

Food decreases iron supp absorption by what?

50%

30

OJ increases iron absorption by what?

85%

31

You should separate mineral supps from meds by how long?

2-6 hours

32

What increases metabolism of Vit D, folate and biotin?

Tegretol

33

What depletes folate?

Methotrexate

34

What depletes CoQ10?

Statins

35

What decrease potassium excretion ?

ACE inhibitions

36

What do cortiosteroids do to sodium excretion, calcium, potassium?

Decrease sodium excretion, increase potassium and calcium excretion