Flashcards in Test 1 Q2 Deck (94):
When the authors of Humanist Manifesto wrote that there is now a time to stop “mere revision of traditional attitudes” due to cultural advancements, they were referring to culture clashes that started with two historical individuals vs. the Catholic Church:
Galileo and Martin Luther
In which era were the abovementioned individuals clashing with the Catholic Church?
What Manifesto promoting the community of man and the elimination of religious influence was written by authors Marx and Engel in 1848?
When was the original Humanist Manifesto written?
How many different versions of the Humanist Manifesto are there?
He was one of the signors of the original Humanist Manifesto that was a philosopher and influenced government schooling in America?
What historical movement was this person a part of?
Who was the US President during this era?
In what decade was the famous Scopes Trial?
What was the name of the law that made it illegal to teach evolution in Tennessee schools?
The Butler Act
What organization sponsored a Tennessee high school teacher to break the law on purpose?
What was the trial really about, causing so many members of the national and international media to attend?
Philosophical arguments over the origins of life
What was the name of the famous liberal lawyer who argued the case for Scopes?
What was the name of the famous lawyer and former presidential candidate who argued the case for the state of Tennessee?
William Jennings Bryan
What were the two significant events that led to the writing of the second Humanist Manifesto?
- continual war throughout the 20th century
- support for Roe vs. Wade in 1973
What is the quote from the second Humanist Manifesto that illustrates their foundational beliefs?
"No deity will save us, we must save ourselves."
What term, describing humanism was dropped from the first to the second Humanist Manifesto?
According to Humanists, man is basically what?
According to Humanists, relief from the personal and societal problems, AND the meaning to life comes from where?
Satisfying one's desires
What is the comprehensive set of truth claims taught at MVCS?
Humanism believes that who is responsible for the realization of an individual’s dreams and achievements?
Human beings themselves
Humanism puts faith in man's __________ achievements.
Humanism rejects dualism, which is:
The belief in body, soul, and spirit contained in oneself
Humanism believes that the universe was _____________ and was not _________.
Humanists do not believe that the value of an individual’s self-worth can be found in a relationship with God through _________ or _________.
Humanists believe that the value of an individual’s self-worth is to be found in relationships with __________ ____________.
Humanists believe that traditional religion gives individuals:
False hope and wishful thinking
What three examples do the writers of the Humanist Manifesto called “advancements” to conclude that a new situation has been created “which requires a new statement of the means and purposes of religion.”?
- Human’s larger understanding of the universe
- Human's scientific achievements
- Human’s deeper appreciation of the brotherhood
What kind of language is the following statement “The is great danger of a final, and we believe fatal, identification of the word religion with doctrines and methods which have lost their significance and which are powerless to solve the problem of human living in the 20th Century.”?
The Humanist Manifesto states that religion is to meet which two needs of humanity?
- adequate social goals
- personal satisfactions
Humanist Manifesto states that the universe was NOT created….what did they believe?
It was self-existed
How does the Humanist Manifesto explain where man came from?
Emerged from the cosmos (and then evolved)
What process does the Humanist Manifesto reject in regards to the following quotes from the 4th and 5th section:
a. “the individual born into a particular culture is largely molded by that culture.”
b. “it is “unacceptable (for) any supernatural or cosmic guarantees of life”
c. that an individual is “determining existence and the value of any and all realities”
A. We were uniquely created by God
B. We were born with original sin
C. We are in need of redemption
When an individual is trying to “determine the existence and the value of any and all realities”, what are the two methods that the Humanist Manifesto advises them to use in attainment of that goal?
- use intelligent inquiry
- make an assessment of how it relates to human needs
The Humanist Manifesto states that “religion must formulate its hopes and plans in the light of the ___________ ________ and __________.
Scientific spirit, method
What is being transferred when the Humanist Manifesto makes the abovementioned claim?
Transferring the authority of religion from God to humans (through human’s faith in science)
How does the Humanist Manifesto believe that humans can come to a “complete realization of the human personality?”
By fulfilling oneself in the here and now
What two ways does the HM promote as the correct manner for humans to express their “religious emotions?”
a. Have a heightened sense of personal life
b. Make a co-operative effort to create social well-being
What are the two ways Christianity believes individuals are to express their “religious emotions?”
- loving God
- loving others
In facing the crises of life:
The Humanist Manifesto states that man will learn to face the crises of life in terms of which two manners?
- knowledge of naturalness
- knowledge of probability
Furthermore, the Humanist Manifesto states that man will no longer face the crises of life in which three manners?
- sentimental hopes
- unreal hopes
- wishful thinking
Which two areas of academic curriculum is identified in the knowledge of naturalness and probability?
Science and math
What are the two ways advised in the Humanist Manifesto in order to ensure that man will face the crises of life in the way they have determined to be correct?
- fostered by education
- supported by custom
What has been created in US Government that illustrates the following statement: “We assume the humanism will take the path of social and mental hygiene.”
What economic structure does the Humanist Manifesto promote?
What economic structure does the Humanist Manifesto reject?
The Humanist Manifesto states that all associations and institutions exist for what purpose?
Fulfillment of human life
What were the two primary reasons why the ideas in the Humanist Manifesto found an acceptable audience in Western Civilization?
- appeals to humans inherent sinful nature
- appeals to those who are seeking to be out from under the control of organized religion
What makes the Humanist Manifesto a religious document?
It has a set of principles and values that one is to adhere to
Jesus came into the world to do what?
Bring grace and truth
Man exchanged the truth of God for what?
What is the Cosmic Battle?
Spirit of truth vs. Spirit of lies
In the Cosmic Battle, what represents selfishness?
Spirit of lies
In the Cosmic Battle, what represents service?
Spirit of truth
List the opposing worldviews of the Cosmic Battle:
a. Unity vs. Division
b. Diversity vs. Unification
c. Roles vs. Jealousy
d. Responsibility vs. Blame
e. Authority vs. Rebellion
f. Delegation vs. Tyranny
g. Freedom vs. Bondage
What kind of battle is the Cosmic Battle?
What three personal character traits are observed when you live by the Spirit of Truth?
What three personal character traits are observed when one lives by the Spirit of lies?
- cannot be trusted
When Satan lies, what is he doing?
Speaking his native language
Every sin that besets us can be traced back to our belief in what?
Our belief in a lie
What is revealed behind every truth claim of God?
What do our actions reflect?
What we really believe
What is the definition of Common Insanity?
Losing touch with reality
What is the primary reason we do not hear from God?
We don't belong to God
People who are living outside of truth are considered what?
What are the two manners taught in Colossians 4:5-6 about how we are to interact with those living outside of the truth?
- grace of speech
Who said that “the cosmos is all there is, or ever was, or ever will be”?
What is the name given to the naturalistic worldview in which all things are enclosed within the natural physical world?
The Cosmic Cube
Who made a famous worldview painting illustrating how two famous philosophers explained how truth came from naturalistic worldview?
Which philosopher in the painting believed that truth was derived from observation?
Which philosopher in the painting believed that truth was derived from the pursuit of high or lofty ideals?
How did God address the philosophical debate depicted by Raphael?
God gave us the universals (His Creation and Word) so that we can understand that particulars (of the world we live in)
Colossians 2:8 warns against what type of philosophies?
Hollow and deceptive
What verse warns us against consuming philosophies that are contrary to God?
What does Psalm 14:1 state?
The fool says in their heart there is no God.
Romans 12:2 advises us that our life cannot change until what changes?
What are the three (3) areas where one can analyze these individual truth claims?
a. How you think
b. How you act
c. What you feel
The consequences of believing in evolutionary biology include:
- no ultimate foundation for ethics
- no life after death
What is the Cosmic Battle within?
Sinful nature vs. spirit
The problem with evil is the question of whether it even ________.
The belief system of Truth is based upon what?
A biblical worldview
The Cosmic Cube belief system is based upon what?
From a standpoint of truth, describe man's essence, moral state, and need.
Essence- made in the image of God
Moral state- we are sinful and fallen
From the Cosmic Cube standpoint, describe man's essence, moral state, and need.
Essence- we are a cosmic accident
Moral state- we are basically good
Need- to save ourselves by finding and improving ourselves
The philosopher ___________ stated that the chains which kept humanity in bondage is ___________ _____________.
Rousseau, organized religion
Rousseau promoted this because he believed it was the only place in which the context for the language of ______ and _______ existed
Good and evil
The secular response to the concept "evil" is that it is a _____________ abnormality that __________ will discover solutions to.
Furthermore, the secular response states that "evil" is really just caused by sick people who are the product of a sick _________.
What individual criticized secular morality by stating that their virtue is in only pleasing themselves and defining good as being loyal to oneself?
Dalrymple stated that the only way to make your life meaningful was to believe in something that _____________ yourself, which was ____________ to do when "I" is the center of your life.
Who created the triangular model and what is it called?
Abraham Maslow, Hierarchy of Needs
List in order the steps in the Hierarchy of Needs.
Explain the two logical fallacies one would find when attempting to follow the principles of this model.
1. The model will supposedly lead us to serve others better, but following it only promotes selfishness.
2. Your needs will always come in conflict with others', leading to a chaotic society rather than harmony.