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Flashcards in Test 1 Q2 Deck (94):
1

When the authors of Humanist Manifesto wrote that there is now a time to stop “mere revision of traditional attitudes” due to cultural advancements, they were referring to culture clashes that started with two historical individuals vs. the Catholic Church:

Galileo and Martin Luther

2

In which era were the abovementioned individuals clashing with the Catholic Church?

1500's

3

What Manifesto promoting the community of man and the elimination of religious influence was written by authors Marx and Engel in 1848?

Communist Manifesto

4

When was the original Humanist Manifesto written?

1933

5

How many different versions of the Humanist Manifesto are there?

Three

6

He was one of the signors of the original Humanist Manifesto that was a philosopher and influenced government schooling in America?

John Dewey

7

What historical movement was this person a part of?

Progressive Era

8

Who was the US President during this era?

Woodrow Wilson

9

In what decade was the famous Scopes Trial?

1920's

10

What was the name of the law that made it illegal to teach evolution in Tennessee schools?

The Butler Act

11

What organization sponsored a Tennessee high school teacher to break the law on purpose?

ALCU

12

What was the trial really about, causing so many members of the national and international media to attend?

Philosophical arguments over the origins of life

13

What was the name of the famous liberal lawyer who argued the case for Scopes?

Clarence Darrow

14

What was the name of the famous lawyer and former presidential candidate who argued the case for the state of Tennessee?

William Jennings Bryan

15

What were the two significant events that led to the writing of the second Humanist Manifesto?

- continual war throughout the 20th century
- support for Roe vs. Wade in 1973

16

What is the quote from the second Humanist Manifesto that illustrates their foundational beliefs?

"No deity will save us, we must save ourselves."

17

What term, describing humanism was dropped from the first to the second Humanist Manifesto?

Religious

18

According to Humanists, man is basically what?

Good

19

According to Humanists, relief from the personal and societal problems, AND the meaning to life comes from where?

Satisfying one's desires

20

What is the comprehensive set of truth claims taught at MVCS?

Christianity

21

Humanism believes that who is responsible for the realization of an individual’s dreams and achievements?

Human beings themselves

22

Humanism puts faith in man's __________ achievements.

Scientific

23

Humanism rejects dualism, which is:

The belief in body, soul, and spirit contained in oneself

24

Humanism believes that the universe was _____________ and was not _________.

Self-existing, created

25

Humanists do not believe that the value of an individual’s self-worth can be found in a relationship with God through _________ or _________.

Worship, prayer

26

Humanists believe that the value of an individual’s self-worth is to be found in relationships with __________ ____________.

Other humans

27

Humanists believe that traditional religion gives individuals:

False hope and wishful thinking

28

What three examples do the writers of the Humanist Manifesto called “advancements” to conclude that a new situation has been created “which requires a new statement of the means and purposes of religion.”?

- Human’s larger understanding of the universe
- Human's scientific achievements
- Human’s deeper appreciation of the brotherhood

29

What kind of language is the following statement “The is great danger of a final, and we believe fatal, identification of the word religion with doctrines and methods which have lost their significance and which are powerless to solve the problem of human living in the 20th Century.”?

Assumptive

30

The Humanist Manifesto states that religion is to meet which two needs of humanity?

- adequate social goals
- personal satisfactions

31

Humanist Manifesto states that the universe was NOT created….what did they believe?

It was self-existed

32

How does the Humanist Manifesto explain where man came from?

Emerged from the cosmos (and then evolved)

33

What process does the Humanist Manifesto reject in regards to the following quotes from the 4th and 5th section:
a. “the individual born into a particular culture is largely molded by that culture.”
b. “it is “unacceptable (for) any supernatural or cosmic guarantees of life”
c. that an individual is “determining existence and the value of any and all realities”

A. We were uniquely created by God
B. We were born with original sin
C. We are in need of redemption

34

When an individual is trying to “determine the existence and the value of any and all realities”, what are the two methods that the Humanist Manifesto advises them to use in attainment of that goal?

- use intelligent inquiry
- make an assessment of how it relates to human needs

35

The Humanist Manifesto states that “religion must formulate its hopes and plans in the light of the ___________ ________ and __________.

Scientific spirit, method

36

What is being transferred when the Humanist Manifesto makes the abovementioned claim?

Transferring the authority of religion from God to humans (through human’s faith in science)

37

How does the Humanist Manifesto believe that humans can come to a “complete realization of the human personality?”

By fulfilling oneself in the here and now

38

What two ways does the HM promote as the correct manner for humans to express their “religious emotions?”

a. Have a heightened sense of personal life
b. Make a co-operative effort to create social well-being

39

What are the two ways Christianity believes individuals are to express their “religious emotions?”

- loving God
- loving others

40

In facing the crises of life:
The Humanist Manifesto states that man will learn to face the crises of life in terms of which two manners?

- knowledge of naturalness
- knowledge of probability

41

Furthermore, the Humanist Manifesto states that man will no longer face the crises of life in which three manners?

- sentimental hopes
- unreal hopes
- wishful thinking

42

Which two areas of academic curriculum is identified in the knowledge of naturalness and probability?

Science and math

43

What are the two ways advised in the Humanist Manifesto in order to ensure that man will face the crises of life in the way they have determined to be correct?

- fostered by education
- supported by custom

44

What has been created in US Government that illustrates the following statement: “We assume the humanism will take the path of social and mental hygiene.”

Welfare programs

45

What economic structure does the Humanist Manifesto promote?

Socialism

46

What economic structure does the Humanist Manifesto reject?

Capitalism

47

The Humanist Manifesto states that all associations and institutions exist for what purpose?

Fulfillment of human life

48

What were the two primary reasons why the ideas in the Humanist Manifesto found an acceptable audience in Western Civilization?

- appeals to humans inherent sinful nature
- appeals to those who are seeking to be out from under the control of organized religion

49

What makes the Humanist Manifesto a religious document?

It has a set of principles and values that one is to adhere to

50

Jesus came into the world to do what?

Bring grace and truth

51

Man exchanged the truth of God for what?

Lies

52

What is the Cosmic Battle?

Spirit of truth vs. Spirit of lies

53

In the Cosmic Battle, what represents selfishness?

Spirit of lies

54

In the Cosmic Battle, what represents service?

Spirit of truth

55

List the opposing worldviews of the Cosmic Battle:

a. Unity vs. Division
b. Diversity vs. Unification
c. Roles vs. Jealousy
d. Responsibility vs. Blame
e. Authority vs. Rebellion
f. Delegation vs. Tyranny
g. Freedom vs. Bondage

56

What kind of battle is the Cosmic Battle?

Worldview battle

57

What three personal character traits are observed when you live by the Spirit of Truth?

- logical
- consistent
- trustworthy

58

What three personal character traits are observed when one lives by the Spirit of lies?

- illogical
- inconsistent
- cannot be trusted

59

When Satan lies, what is he doing?

Speaking his native language

60

Every sin that besets us can be traced back to our belief in what?

Our belief in a lie

61

What is revealed behind every truth claim of God?

God's character

62

What do our actions reflect?

What we really believe

63

What is the definition of Common Insanity?

Losing touch with reality

64

What is the primary reason we do not hear from God?

We don't belong to God

65

People who are living outside of truth are considered what?

Captives

66

What are the two manners taught in Colossians 4:5-6 about how we are to interact with those living outside of the truth?

- wisdom
- grace of speech

67

Who said that “the cosmos is all there is, or ever was, or ever will be”?

Carl Sagan

68

What is the name given to the naturalistic worldview in which all things are enclosed within the natural physical world?

The Cosmic Cube

69

Who made a famous worldview painting illustrating how two famous philosophers explained how truth came from naturalistic worldview?

Raphael

70

Which philosopher in the painting believed that truth was derived from observation?

Aristotle

71

Which philosopher in the painting believed that truth was derived from the pursuit of high or lofty ideals?

Plato

72

How did God address the philosophical debate depicted by Raphael?

God gave us the universals (His Creation and Word) so that we can understand that particulars (of the world we live in)

73

Colossians 2:8 warns against what type of philosophies?

Hollow and deceptive

74

What verse warns us against consuming philosophies that are contrary to God?

Romans 14:23

75

What does Psalm 14:1 state?

The fool says in their heart there is no God.

76

Romans 12:2 advises us that our life cannot change until what changes?

Our mind

77

What are the three (3) areas where one can analyze these individual truth claims?

a. How you think
b. How you act
c. What you feel

78

The consequences of believing in evolutionary biology include:

- no ultimate foundation for ethics
- no life after death

79

What is the Cosmic Battle within?

Sinful nature vs. spirit

80

The problem with evil is the question of whether it even ________.

Exists

81

The belief system of Truth is based upon what?

A biblical worldview

82

The Cosmic Cube belief system is based upon what?

Secular humanism

83

From a standpoint of truth, describe man's essence, moral state, and need.

Essence- made in the image of God
Moral state- we are sinful and fallen
Need- redemption

84

From the Cosmic Cube standpoint, describe man's essence, moral state, and need.

Essence- we are a cosmic accident
Moral state- we are basically good
Need- to save ourselves by finding and improving ourselves

85

The philosopher ___________ stated that the chains which kept humanity in bondage is ___________ _____________.

Rousseau, organized religion

86

Rousseau promoted this because he believed it was the only place in which the context for the language of ______ and _______ existed

Good and evil

87

The secular response to the concept "evil" is that it is a _____________ abnormality that __________ will discover solutions to.

Correctable, science

88

Furthermore, the secular response states that "evil" is really just caused by sick people who are the product of a sick _________.

Culture

89

What individual criticized secular morality by stating that their virtue is in only pleasing themselves and defining good as being loyal to oneself?

Theodore Dalrymple

90

Dalrymple stated that the only way to make your life meaningful was to believe in something that _____________ yourself, which was ____________ to do when "I" is the center of your life.

Transcends, impossible

91

Who created the triangular model and what is it called?

Abraham Maslow, Hierarchy of Needs

92

List in order the steps in the Hierarchy of Needs.

Self-actualization
Esteem
Social
Safety
Physiological

93

Explain the two logical fallacies one would find when attempting to follow the principles of this model.

1. The model will supposedly lead us to serve others better, but following it only promotes selfishness.
2. Your needs will always come in conflict with others', leading to a chaotic society rather than harmony.

94

What is sociological jurisprudence?

The laws of a society will change as the culture of a society changes