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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (81):
1

Henry Ford

Leader of the automobile revolution. First to introduce assembly lines.

2

Hollywood

Movies and radio became popular outlets for advertising and entertainment.

3

Babe Ruth

Sports celebrity arose from radio.

4

Prohibition

Prevention of production, distribution, and consumption of alcohol. 18th amendment.

5

Speakeasy

Clubs that front as other establishments during prohibition.

6

Jazz

"Race music", one of the first original arts of the U.S.

7

Flappers

woman that were "sexually aware"

8

19th Amendment

1920, granted universal suffrage to all U.S. citizens.

9

New South

Progressive. Growing of Industry

10

Old South

Farms and Slaves baby!

11

Plessy vs. Farguson

Promoted segregated schools. Based off of the saying "Separate but equal"

12

Poll Tax

Taxes that were required to pay to vote. Establish so poor African Americans couldn't vote.

13

Literacy Tests

Tests required for African Americans to take to vote.

14

Tulsa Riots

Fight between whites and blacks because of accused assault on a white woman.

15

Lynching

1882-1935 Racists white dudes would hang minorities because racism.

16

Ida B. Wells

Newspaper editor in Memphis. Spoke publicly against lynching. wrote "A Red Record"

17

Booker T. Washington

Former slave founded Hampton Institute, Tuskee Institute and Established the National Negro Business League.

18

W.E.B. Du Bois

Co-founded NAACP.

19

Great Migration

African Americans migrating north for jobs and other opportunities.

20

Lulu B. White

Former president and former director of NAACP. Sweatt vs. Painter.

21

Harlem Renaissance

A rise in artists poets and musicians.

22

Margin Buying

Buying stocks on credit.

23

Hooverville

"Shanty Towns" named after Herbert Hoover.

24

Soup Kitchen and Bread Lines

Establishments that were made to feed the poor.

25

Dorothea Lange

Photographer employed to take pictures of "Crumbling America"

26

Ronald G. Ginther

Artists that painted the poor and shanty towns.

27

Mayard Dixon

Wester artist that moved towards painting the poor.

28

Dust Bowl

Huge sandstorms in the south that were mainly caused by over plowing. (1935)

29

Okies

People who migrated from Oklahoma.

30

Herbert Hoover

Lead the U.S. food administration during the Great War. Was very passive during his presidency and was against government intervention.

31

The Bonus Army

After the first world war veterans were promised a bonus pay after the war. They didn't receive the bonus and rallied together, made a shanty town, and was forced out of it.

32

Emergency Relief and Construction Act

State administered relief, was an overall failure.

33

Franklin D. Roosavelt

Only president with 4 terms. Created the New Deal and 2nd New Deal.

34

Emergency Banking Act 1933

Required a four day closing of all banks. Prohibited Commercial Banks from investing in securities.

35

Fireside Chats

FDR used radio to speak directly to U.S. Citizens.

36

100 Days

Probusiness rather than prowoker.

37

Public Works Administration

Tried to increase employment and spending.

38

"CCC"

Created public jobs that built parks and roads.

39

Father Charles Coughlin

Popular Radio hosts. Former friend of FDR

40

Francis E Townsend

Worried about retirement for senior citizens. Created the Townsend Plan which provided money for senior citizens.

41

Huey Long

Spoke of corruption in government and redistribution of wealth. Assassinated in 1935

42

Works Progress Administration

Created jobs for Americans. Mainly for artists, musicians and writers.

43

Social Security Act

Similar to Townsend Plan, mainly for retirees. Created unemployment insurance. Only applied to the employed.

44

National Labor Relations Act

Gave the right to strike. Empowered the American Worker

45

Resettlement Administration

Provided low interest loans and taught relevant farming skills. Mainly for the Dustbowl farmers.

46

National Housing Act

Provided funding for housing. Was somewhat forced. Established minimum wage and max work hours.

47

Federal Writers Project

Employed writers to make books and guides of America.

48

Oral Projects

Taking down history of farmer slaves and Native Americans.

49

Federal Theater Project

Funded plays, recitals, and orchestras.

50

Washington Conference

Treaties were created between countries. 5 power naval limitation treaty.

51

Fascism

Anti-Communist. Extreme racism used to create union within a country.

52

Benito Mussolini

Dictator of Italy during WW2. Fascist

53

Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Germing during WW2. Fascist.

54

Axis Alliance

Germany, Italy and Japan.

55

Isolationism

Wanting to stay out of other nation's affairs. (U.S. during ww2)

56

Blitzkrieg

German developed type warfare. Quickly invading other countries before they can respond.

57

Selective Service Act

Pretty much a draft.

58

Lend-Lease Act

Allowed the U.S. to sell and lend weapons to other nations.

59

Pearl Harbor

Japanese attack on the U.S. in Hawaii 1941.

60

Winston Churchill

Leader of Great Britain

61

Joseph Stalin

Russian dictator

62

Battle of Midway

In the Pacific Theater. U.S. victory over Japan, hindered Japan's offense.

63

Holocause

Systematic extermination of Jews, Gypsies, and gays.

64

Dresden

"Civilian target" that was bombed by U.S. and Great Britain at an attempt to demoralize enemies. Ended up provoking enemies.

65

D-day

Breaching of Normandy. Success!`

66

Allied Powers

U.S., Great Britain, France, and Russia.

67

Battle of the Bulge

Nazi's last grasp. Allies successful.

68

Yalta Conference

The "Big 3" meet to discuss the post affairs.

69

Iwo Jima

Largest naval battle in History. Conquest for easter islands and control of the pacific.

70

Hiroshima

First city that was hit with an atomic bomb. (Japan)

71

Nagasaki

Second city to be hit with an atomic bomb. Caused Japan to surrender.

72

War Power Act 1941

Created to defeat the "fascist threat". Gave the president the ability to declare war.

73

Office of War Information

Attempt to control the news. Promoted war bonds, enlisting and "war jobs".

74

Women's Army Corp.

Somewhat promoted women's rights. Women helped and participated in the war. Women also participated in factory work.

75

Rosie the Riveter

Iconic female work symbol.

76

Doris Miller

Black navy cook that saved a bunch of dudes in a boat during pearl harbor. First black soldier to receive a special reward.

77

Tuskegee Airmen

Highly skilled African American bomber crew.

78

Double V Campaign

Campaign against racism and segregation.

79

Executive Order 8802

Banned descriminatino based on race.

80

Bracero Program

Permitted citizens of Mexico to work in America.

81

Manizanar Calinfornia

Location of many Japanese internment camps. Japanese Americans were forced to go there.