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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (26):
1

daimonion

demon

2

Lyceum

named after Apollo Lyceus: the wolf-god. gymnasium founded during the period of Pericles.

3

court of the king archon

equivalent of the front of a courthouse

4

Euthyphro's definition of piety

"piety is what I'm doing now: prosecuting those who commit an injustice"

5

What is loved by the god's, according to Euthyphro?

piety

6

What was Socrates charged with?

of corrupting the youth of Athens, introducing new gods,not believing in gods sanctioned by state

7

young imitators

took Socrates as their model (mimetic desire)

8

what was the causes of the attack on Anytus?

on behalf of the professional men and politicians

9

What was the cause of the attack on Meletus?

on behalf of the poets

10

What was the cause of the attack on Lycon?

on behalf of orators

11

Accusers' wounded vanity

in their jealousy and humiliation they are reluctant to admit the real reason is that their ignorance was publicly exposed and so have concocted a case against Socrates and have for a long time dinned into Athenian ears their violent denunciations of him

12

ressentiment

a simmering, powerless ungratified impulse to revenge

13

gadfly

an annoying person, especially one who provokes others into action by criticism.

14

Achilles

Socrates example of "a man who is worth anything would not be inhibited be the prospect of death"

15

the real problem

the slander and jealousy of a very large section of the people...have been fatal to a great many other innocent people, and i suppose will continue to be so; there is no likelihood that they will stop at me

16

What did Socrates claim would do hurt the Athenians more than himself?

to kill a man unjustly

17

prophetic (divine) voice of socrates

only comes to dissuade him from doing something, like entering politics

18

oracle at delphi

stated there was no one wiser than socrates

19

Nature of social corruption: levels of its devolution

1) Traditional Standards Accepted
2-3) Split Between Appearance and Reality: first as possibility, then as a historical tension
4) Power of Society over the Individual
5) Split of Consciousness in Corrupt Society
6) The Absorption of Reality by Doxa
7) Doxa (opinions) Becomes Aletheia (Truth)
Result: The will to be unjust in order to harmonize with society.

20

What does Socrates say is about justice?

that justice is good, not only for the giver (who is rewarded for his justice) but also for the receiver.

21

what does the pairing of Cephalus-Polemarchus and Glaucon-Adeimantus mean for Thrasymachus?

that he, like Socrates, stands alone at the center of the Republic

22

if you are just you are also ____?

happy

23

Who was Meletus?

religious fanatic who would bring charges of irreligion and impiety

24

who was anytus?

defended a certain Andocides against the same charge brought by a Meletus who must almost certainly have been the same man

25

Alcibiades

commissioned o lead the Sicilian expedition, was recalled to Athens to stand trial, he fled to Sparta, where he betrayed the Athenian war plans and later, while King Agis II was away at war, it was rumored that he had impregnated the queen. The Sicilian Expedition turned into a disaster for Athens and Alcibiades provided much assistance to Sparta for about two years before he fell out of favor, whereupon he went over to the Persians, advising them to play off both sides against each other while he sought an opportunity to return to favor in Athens.

26

Diotima:

Motives for seeking immortality