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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (33)
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1

Judicial Branch is found where in the constitution ?

Article III Section I

2

Judiciary Act of 1789

Establish the basic three tiered Federal court system in the United Office of attorney general

3

Marbury v. Madison 1803

Supreme Court first asserted the power of judicial review in finding that the congressional statue extending the courts original jurisdiction was unconstitutionality it

4

Judicial Review

Power of the courts to review acts of the other branches of government and state

5

Original jurisdiction

The jurisdiction of courts that hear a case first, usually in a trial. Courts determine the facts of the case under their original jurisdiction

6

Jurisdiction

Authority vested in a particular court to hear and decide the issues in any particular case

7

Rule of Four

At least four justices of the Supreme Court must vote to consider a case before it can be heard

8

Writ of Certiorari

A request for the court to order up the records from a lower court to review the case

9

Amicus curiae

"Friend of the Court" ; A third party to a lawsuit who flies a legal brief for the purpose of raising additional points of view in an attempt to influence a courts decision on

10

Solicitor General

The fourth ranking member of you department of justice; responsible for handling all appeals on behalf of the US government to the Supreme Court

11

Opinion of the Court

A Supreme Court opinion written by one or more justices in the majority to explain the decision in a case

12

Concurrent Opinion

A Supreme Court opinion by one more justices who agree with the majority conclusion but for different reasons

13

Dissenting Opinion

Supreme Court opinion by one or more justices of the minority to explain the minority's disagreement with the courts ruling

14

Criminal Law

Codes of behavior related to the protection of property or individual safety

15

Civil Law

Codes of behavior related to business and contractual relationships between groups and individuals

16

Mississippi's Court System

Supreme Court
Court of Appeals
Circuit Courts
Chancery Courts
County Courts
Justice Courts
Municipal Courts

17

Executive Branch power is found where in the constitution?

Article II, Section I

18

Twenty Second Amendment

Adopted in 1951, prevents a president from serving more than two terms or more than ten years in office

19

Twenty-fifth amendment

Adopted in 1967 to established procedures for filming vacancies in the office of the president and vice president as well as providing the procedures to do with the disability of the president

20

Electoral college

Representatives of each state who cast the final balance that actually elect the president

21

Elector

A member of the electoral college chosen by methods determined in each state

22

Seven ways the electoral college works

1. Each states gets one elector for each US representative and senator it has.
2.

23

Cabinet

The formal body of presidential advisers who headed the 15 executive departments.

24

The roles of the president

Chief of state
Chief legislator
Chief administrator
Chief diplomat or foreign policy maker
Party leader

25

Powers of the President Alone

-serve as commander in chief of the Armed Forces
- Commission offices of the armed forces
-grant reprieves and pardon for federal offenses
- convene congress in special sessions
- receive ambassadors
- make sure the laws are faithfully executed
- has a lot of "executive power"
- appoints officials to lesser offices

26

US v. Nixon 1974

And Supreme Court ruled that there is no constitutional absolute executive privilege that would allow the president to refuse to comply with a court order to produce information needed in a criminal case.

27

How a bill becomes the law: president

-he can sign the bill, at which point it becomes a law
- he can veto the bill, which is more likely to occur when the president is of a different party from the majority in Congress
- he can wait the full 10 days, at the end of which time the bill becomes law without his signature if Congress is still in session
- if Congress adjourns before the 10 days are up, you can choose not to sign the bill, and it is considered "pocket vetoed"

28

Executive agreement

Formal government agreement entered into by the executive branch that does not require the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate

29

Veto Power

The formal constitutional authority of the president to reject bills passed by both houses of Congress, thus preventing their becoming law without further congressional action

30

War Power Act of 1973

Passed by Congress in 1973; the president is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a 60 day period in peacetime unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a longer period