test 2 Flashcards Preview

BP > test 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in test 2 Deck (55):
1

perspective of joshua

conquest through obedience
assurance

2

perspective of judges

conquest may not have been successful
possibly live side by side with people who worshiped Baal
possibly didn't receive promise land bc of disobedience
warning

3

god's attitude toward kingship in israel

wasn't in favor of kingship but he used it as a means to further their blessing and began to weave it into his story
chose a kingly line through david

4

succession of kingship following david's death

hereditary kingship began after david's rule with solomon (his son)
God promised david that his lineage would rule
"davidic dynasty" prevailed beginning with rehoboam (solomon's son) until babylonian destruction of jerusalem
kingdom split after solomon

5

authorship of isaiah in relation to various empires

very controversial
issue of predictive prophecy bc if written at 1 time then predictive prophecy true but if written over long period of time then predictive prophecy not true
covers assyrian, babylonian, and persian empires
1st isaiah: isaiah of jerusalem
2nd isaiah: isaiah of exile concerning fall of babylon and pursuit of justice
3rd isaiah: isaiah of restoration

6

location and timing of call of isaiah to be prophet

through dream in which God brought him into his temple
at time of death of king uzziah
god was seated on his throne with a long robe

7

king who built the temple

solomon

8

dancing in israelite worship of yahweh

God called His people to dance as an expression of worship

9

5 scrolls

Song of Solomon
Ruth
Lamentations
Ecclesiastes
Esther

10

relationship between israel's history in samuel and chronicles

samuel warns of israel's punishment if they disobey god
chronicles focuses on temple ritual, exile, and return to promise land and cleans up the stories of the kings (david with bathsheba not mentioned)

11

festival of ruth

before reading of torah on morning of feast of the weeks (harvest)

12

festival of lamentations

anniversary of the destruction of the temple

13

festival of ecclesiastes

sabbath of the feast of tabernacles

14

festival of esther

read in all jewish communities on purim (commemorates events of book and god's deliverance of his people)

15

ruth and her descendants

son obed was ancestor of david and jesus
obed--> jesse-->david-->jesus

16

solomon

son of king david and bathsheba
last king of united israel
used wealth and power and used forced labor to build his temple
love for foreign women and had multiple marriages

17

david

king after saul over southern tribes
shepherd turned hero (goliath)
stress on unity of kingdom to form powerful monarchy
successful bc god was with him
committed adultery with bathsheba and killed her husband (david's rule fell bc even kings have to keep covenant law)

18

books of wisdom

proverbs, job, and ecclesiastes (word for wisdom found most in these books)
contains our words to/about God rather than God's words to humanity
proverbs: didactic wisdom literature
job & ecclesiastes (qohelet): speculative wisdom literature

19

saul

israel's first king (appointed by samuel)
ultimately rejected

20

tension over kingship in samuel

samuel was a good judge and faithful to god
appointed his sons judges when he got old but they didn't follow his ways and returned to corruption leading nation back to chaos
nation wanted king to take them back into order
God and Samuel didn't want a king bc they didn't want to be like other nations (disaster will follow kingship)

21

gomer's 3 kids

jezreel
lo-ruhamah
lo-ammi

22

jeremiah's vocation prior to being called to be a prophet

born and raised a levite priest

23

types of psalms

hymns
laments
thanksgiving
wisdom
confession
kingship

24

hymns

praise for characteristics/attributes

25

laments

some situation that needs help

26

micah (timing and vocation prior to his call to be a prophet)

8th century (the assyrian crisis)
denounced evils that had filled the land
warned that samaria and jerusalem would be destroyed

27

esther

chosen to be new wife of persian king
protected jewish people from evil Haman and resulted in King signing decree that israel could defend itself

28

confession

asking forgiveness

29

kingship

king honored

30

purpose of book of jonah

shows god's mercy for all nations (even assyrians)

31

timing and context of prophets haggai and zechariah

israelites return to promise land ("restoration period" or post-exilic period)
common message: return to the right ways of the lord and rebuild temple

32

deuteronomistic history vs. the chronicler

deuteronomistic: northern levites authorship, 550 BCE, audience=exilic community, theme=reasons for judgement
chronicler: post exilic levites authorship, 400-250 BCE, audience= post-exilic, theme= temple, worship, levites

33

amos

social justice and announced coming day of yahweh
eighth century
judgement for abused privelege

34

hosea

only native northern prophet
unfaithful wife who was living parable of israel's unfaithfulness to God
eighth century
persevering love

35

micah

championed cause of rural under classes over against aristocracy of jerusalem
eighth century
who is like god?

36

amos' concern that "justice rolls down like waters"

amos preached of judgement and reform to israel
reminds people of their true covenantal obligations

37

habakkuk

asked how babylonia (evil nation) could be used by God to punish his own people
seventh century
solution to perplexity

38

ezekiel's activity as a prophet (when and where)

Ezekiel's prophecy was full of hope and included a vision for the rebuilding of the temple
during time of judah's exile in babylon

39

haggai

urged recently returned refugees to rebuild jerusalem temple
sixth century
encouragement

40

major concerns of chronicler in his writing of history

emphasized David's preparations for the building of the temple and the establishment of worship

41

ruth

critique against the types of reforms put in place by ezra and nehemiah

42

joel

had vision of locust plague (served as sign of coming day of yahweh)
fifth century
coming of the day of yahweh

43

jonah

tried to avoid commission to preach repentance to assyrians
swallowed by fish
fifth century
fleeing from god's will

44

day of the lord in amos

day of judgement "darkness and not light"
israel will be judged by god for its sins

45

zechariah

provided spiritual and moral support to the returned refugees in Jerusalem through visions.
sixth century
jealousy of yahweh

46

nahum

condemned ninevah
capital of assyrian empire
seventh century
doom of nineveh

47

obadiah

condemned edomites for taking advantage of plight of judeans
6th century
poetic justice

48

malachi

used disputation style to probe spiritual commitment of post exilic community
fifth century
repent and return

49

deuteronomistic vs. chronicler on david and solomon

chronicler leaves out conflict between david and saul
no mention of bathsheba in chronicles
chronicler focuses on how manasseh repented, deuteronomistic history focuses on evil of manasseh

50

baal

fertility god
israelites often fell to baal worship

51

number of books in psalter

150 psalms

52

festival of song of song

read publicly on sabbath of passover

53

thanksgiving

thanking God for some action

54

wisdom

reflection on how to live life (psalm 1 and 119)

55

zephaniah

the day of the lord must precede kingdom blessings
blessing through judgement