Test 2 Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 2 Chapter 4 Deck (15):
1

____ as a general concept can be defined as the chance of an event occurring.

Probabaility

2

A probability experiment is a chance process that leads to well-defined results called outcomes.

probability experiment

3

An ____ is the result of a single trial of a probability experiment.

outcome

4

A ____ is the set of all possible outcomes of a probability experiment.

sample space

5

____ is a device consisting of line segments emanating from a starting point and also from the outcome point. It is used to determine all possible outcomes of a probability experiment.

Tree diagram

6

An___ consists of a set of outcomes of a probability experiment

Event

7

An event with one outcome is called a___ event.

Simple

8

The event of getting an odd number when a die is rolled is called a___ event

Compound

9

____ probability uses sample spaces to determine the numerical probability that an event will happen.

Classical

10

The complement of an ____ is the set of outcomes in the sample space that are not included in the outcomes of event E. The complement of E is denoted by E (read “E bar”).

Event E

11

____probability is that classical probability assumes that certain outcomes are equally likely (such as the outcomes when a die is rolled)

Empirical

12

___probability uses a probability value based on an educated guess or estimate, employing opinions and inex- act information.

Subjective

13

Two events are____ or disjoint events if they cannot occur at the same time (i.e., they have no outcomes in common).

mutually exclusive events

14

_____is an arrangement of n objects in a specific order

permutation

15

A selection of distinct objects without regard to order is called a___

combination