Test 2 Communicating with Children, Adolescents, and Caregivers Flashcards Preview

OU Clinical Comm Fall 2017 > Test 2 Communicating with Children, Adolescents, and Caregivers > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 2 Communicating with Children, Adolescents, and Caregivers Deck (10):
1

Identify recommended components for med information for pediatric patients

- dosage form
- palatability
- dosing frequency
- duration of treatment
- how the medication will make them feel better
- side effects and what they need to tell their parents

2

Describe the four stages of cognitive development in children

- sensory motor
- pre-operational
- concrete operations
- formal operations stage

3

pre-operational

- 2 - 7 years
- cannot relate cause and effect relative to health
- present only one aspect of given situation at a time
- won't know cause and effect of medicine and disease state; but may know "I have to this medicine to get better"

4

concrete operations

- 7 - 12 years
- can problem solve
- can learn that diseases can be prevented -> will understand cause and effect
- will take more active role in their care

5

formal operations stage

- 13 to adulthood
- embrace abstract and hypothetical thoughts
- take more direct role

6

“The medicine will get into your body and make your ear better. You should take it 2 times a day. Your mom or dad will tell you when to take the medicine. You should take this medicine until it is gone, even if your ear feels better.”
A. sensory motor
B. pre-operational
C. concrete operations
D. formal operations stage

pre-operational

7

“The medicine will get into your body and kill the germs that are causing your ear infection. The medicine will only work if you take it 2 times a day.
all the medicine, then your infection will come back. Keep taking the medicine even if your ear feels better. Work with your mom or dad to make sure that you take the medicine 2 times a day.”
A. sensory motor
B. pre-operational
C. concrete operations
D. formal operations stage

concrete operations

8

“The medicine that you will take helps kill the bacteria causing your ear infection. This medicine is an antibiotic that you take by mouth. You should take this medicine every 12 hours for 10 days. If you do not take it 2 times per day for 10 days, then your infection may not go away. Take this medicine until it is gone, even if your ear feels better.”
A. sensory motor
B. pre-operational
C. concrete operations
D. formal operations stage

formal operations stage

9

List strategies that pharmacists can use to gain rapport with pediatric patients

- Sit at their level or below
- Keep eye contact
- Introduce yourself to them and the family
- Find something of interest to the child
- Use normal tone of voice
- Remain calm
- Do not talk down to them
- Allow them to express concerns
- Focus on them
- Try to keep parents from speaking badly of their children
- Ask child questions as if they can contribute
- Give them plenty of time ot answer
- Explain the child's role in taking medications
- Let them look at or use devices

10

sensory motor

- birth - 2 years old
- not possible to learn about medicines