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Flashcards in Test 2 Flashcards Deck (57):
1

Kritios Boy Artist

unknown

2

Kritios Boy Date and Period

475 BCE
Ancient Greek

3

Kritios Boy Sigs

•Not showing any foreign influence
•We have a believable figure
•Contrapposto stance is a huge shift in believability
•Step is believable
•Has a torsion to the torso

4

Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game Artist

Exekias

5

Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game Date and Period

540 BCE
Ancient Greek

6

Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game Sigs

•Highly sophistic black figure technique
•Exekias invented the red figure technique
•Red figure allows greater artistic freedom
•Bilingual vase

7

Spear Bearer Artist

Polykleitos

8

Spear Bearer Date and Period

450 BCE
Ancient Greek

9

Spear Bearer Sigs

•Influenced by pythagoras
•Physical embodyment of his book called the canon
•Balance of tension and relaxation
•Exaggerate contrapposto
•Left heel is lifted

10

Parthenon Artist

Iktinos and Kallikrates

11

Parthenon Date and Period

447 BCE
Ancient Greek

12

Parthenon Sigs

•Symbolizes overcoming adversity
•Using optical refinements to make it look perfect
•Doric exterior and Ionic interior
•Ongoing debate about the Elgin Marbles

13

Head of a Man Artist

Uknown

14

Head of a Man Date and Period

300 BCE
Ancient Roman

15

Head of a Man Sigs

•Romans embraced age
•Portrait busts reserved for the wealthy class
•Given a place of prominence

16

Augustus of Primaporta Artist

Unknown

17

Augustus of Primaporta Date and Period

Early 1st Century CE
Ancient Roman

18

Augustus of Primaporta Sigs

•Made to look younger to show strength
•Influence of the spear bearer
•Cupid shows his godly ancestry
•Body armor shows him willing to fight
•Orator pose is one of power

19

Ara Pacis Artist

unknown

20

Ara Pacis Date and Period

13 BCE
Ancient Roman

21

Ara Pacis Sigs

•Dedicated to the Pax Romana
•Fills with light on his birthday

22

Imperial Procession Artist

unknown

23

Imperial Procession Date and Period

13 BCE
Ancient Roma

24

Imperial Procession Sigs

•Influenced by the Parthenon frieze
•Depicts and actual event
•Shows age and children

25

Pont-Du-Guard Artist

unknown

26

Pont-Du-Guard Date and Period

Late 1st century CE
Ancient Roman

27

Pont-Du-Guard Sigs

•Rounded arches work with weight thrust and wind shear
•Required great skill and engineering
•Could still be used today

28

Colosseum Artist

unknown

29

Colosseum Date and Period

70 CE
Ancient Roman

30

Colosseum Sigs

•Hierarchy of seating
•Could not have been built without concrete and rounded arches
•Built to appease the people
•Built for efficient traffic flow
•Very influential for later stadiums

31

Pantheon Artist

unknown

32

Pantheon Date and Period

110 CE
Ancient Roman

33

Pantheon Sigs

•Uses concrete to its fullest potential
•dome has different mixes of concrete for strength and lightness
•Occulus relieves weight and provides natural light

34

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius Artist

unknown

35

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius Date and Period

176 CE
Ancient Roman

36

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius Sigs

•Civilian clothes makes him one of the people
•Hand is in the clemency pose
Aurelius is large to show him as godlike

37

Arch of Constantine Artist

unknown

38

Arch of Constantine Date and Period

312 CE
Ancient Roman

39

Arch of Constantine Sigs

•Dedicated to the victory over Maxentius
•Dedicated his victory to the christian God
•Used elements from other monuments to compare himself

40

The Good Shepherd, Orants, and the Story of Jonah Artist

unknown

41

The Good Shepherd, Orants, and the Story of Jonah Date and Period

Late third-early fourth century
Late Antiquity

42

The Good Shepherd, Orants, and the Story of Jonah Sigs

•Could be a Jewish or a christian image
•Might be one of the first images of Jesus
•Good shepherd is a syncretic image
•Tells the story of Jonah

43

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus Artist

unknown

44

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus Date and Period

359
Late Antiquity

45

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus Sigs

•Roman official that converted to Christianity
•Change to christian burial practices
•Depicts different christian stories
•Distortion of form because the message is more important

46

Interior of Old Saint Peters Artist

unknown

47

Interior of Old Saint Peters Date and Period

320
Late Antiquity

48

Interior of Old Saint Peters Sigs

•New faith requires a new building
•Prototype for the christian church
•Influence of the Roman basilica
•Plain on the outside, decorated on the inside

49

Church of Santa Constanza Artist

unknown

50

Church of Santa Constanza, Date and Period

350
Late Antiquity

51

Church of Santa Constanza, Sigs

•Mausoleum for Constantine's daughter
•Central plan church
•12 columns represent tribes of Israel and apostles
•Plain on the outside, decorative on the inside

52

Harvesting of Grapes Artist

unknown

53

Harvesting of Grapes Date and Period

337
Late Antiquity

54

Harvesting of Grapes Sigs

•Could be Bacchus or Jesus
•Wine relates to the Eucharist
•Earlier christian churches prefer mosaics

55

The Good Shepherd Artist

unknown

56

The Good Shepherd Date and Period

425
Late Antiquity

57

The Good Shepherd Sigs

•Greek cross plan
•Thought to contain the relics of the true cross