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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (28):
0

Total amount of organisms per unit volume

Biomass

1

Compounds containing the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

Carbohydrates

2

Organism that eats animals

Carnivore

3

A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is unaffected

Commensalism

4

Organisms that eat other organisms

Consumers

5

Organisms that eat dead plant and animals as well as animal waste

Decomposers

6

The transfer of energy from the sun to producers to consumers describes groups of organisms each of which is dependent in another for food

Food chain

7

Interrelated food chains in an ecosystem the feeding relationships between various plants and animals

Food web

8

Organism that eats only plants

Herbivore

9

A chemical reaction where water is used to break down compounds, typically occurs when food is digested

Hydrolysis

10

Shrimp like zooplankton

Krill

11

High energy nutrients such as fate and oils

Lipids

12

A chemical process in which animals break down and utilize nutrients

Metabolism

13

Naturally occurring inorganic elements and compounds found in water and soul that do not contain the element carbon

Minerals

14

A symbiotic relationship in which both organisms benefit

Mutualism

15

Any organic or inorganic material that an organism needs to metabolize grow and reproduce

Nutrients

16

Organism that eats both plants and animals

Omnivore

17

A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed

Parasitism

18

The process plants use to make the sugar glucose from water, carbon dioxide, and the energy in sunlight

Photosynthesis

19

Small usually microscopic plant plankton that float it drift in the ocean

Phytoplankton

20

Organisms that eat plants

Primary consumers

21

Organisms that make their own food through photosynthesis

Producers

22

Complex organic compund made up of amino acids

Protein

23

Animals that eat the remains of already dead animals and plants

Scavengers

24

Organisms that eat primary consumers but may also eat producers

Secondary consumers

25

A permanent close relationship between two organisms that benefits at least one of them

Symbiosis

26

Organisms that eat secondary consumers but may also eat primary consumers and producers

Tertiary consumers

27

Small usually microscopic animal plankton that float or drift in the ocean

Zooplankton