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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (40):
1

Joseph Stalin

Leader of the Soviet Union during the cold war. Strict communist dictator.

2

Harry S. Trumen

Vice President of F.D.R. became president after the death of F.D.R.

3

George F. Kennen

Creator of the "Containment Strategy". Know for his ideas on handling foreign affairs.

4

Containment Strategy

Restore Balance of power by rebuilding Germany and Japan. Recognize and exploit divisions within internal communism. Employ non-military action economic, diplomatic and psychological pressure.

5

Truman Doctrine

Tried to prevent the spread of communism

6

Marshall Plan

Based off of George Kennen's containment strategy. Rebuilt the economies of Germany and Japan.

7

National Security Act

Reorganized the department of war to department of defense. Created national security council.

8

Birlin Airlift

In response to the soviet blockade on Birlin (Birlin Wall). The U.S. and G.B. flew over the Birlin and dropped supplies though airships.

9

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Treaty with G.B., France, and the U.S.

10

NSC

Truman's response to the loss of China. Pledged to defeat communism.

11

Korean War

Communism vs Capitolists (Chinese and Soviets) vs (G.B. and U.S.). Ended in a stalemate creating North and South Korea.

12

Separate but, Equal

The basis behind segregation.

13

Executive Order 9981

Put an end to segregation in the military.

14

Dixiecrats

Democratic party that was pro-segregation.

15

Strom Thurmond

Dexiecrat political runner.

16

Thugood Marshall

Black lawyer, ended segregation for a school. (Murray vs Pearson)

17

Herman Sweat

Black WW2 Veteran. wanted to attend a school but was put in a ghettofied version. Sweat vs Painter he ends up winning.

18

Mclauren vs Oklahoma

Segregation case against University of Oklahoma about segregation. Mclauren wins.

19

Brown vs Board of Education

Trial against separate but equal. Segregation loses and puts and end to segregation in schools.

20

The Little Rock Nine

9 Black students were escorted to go to school.

21

Federal Highway Act

Created interstate highways and, improved economy by providing jobs.

22

National Defense education Act

In response to Sputnik. Improved American Education.

23

Nuclear Family

Generic family, father, mother and children. Was a bulwark against communism.

24

G.I. BIll

Allowed greater access to education and provided money to war veterans.

25

Otis Blackwell

Musical writer who wrote many songs for white people.

26

The Beat Generation

Pretty much hipsters.

27

Red Scare

The fear of Communism used by politicians to exploit people.

28

House Un-American Activities committee

Looked for comunists in Hollywood.

29

The Black List

Accused communists. Prevented people from getting jobs.

30

Joseph McCarthy

Tried to scare people with communism. Ran against Truman and won.

31

New Look

Created Covert Operations and Mutual Defense pacts.

32

Rosa Parks

Famously Arrested for no giving her seat to a white guy on a bus.

33

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Alot of black folks decided to not ride buses for a bit. Costed the bus companies money.

34

Martin Luther King Jr.

Major player in the anti-segregation group. Symbol of the civil rights movement. Founded SCLC (nonviolent civil rights group)

35

Sit-Ins

African Americans sitting in white dinners, (and other places of the such) and waited to be waited on. The racist white people made themselves look bad.

36

Student non-violent Coordinating Committee

Organization started by black students emphasized direct confrontation and made white people look bad.

37

Civil Rights Act

Prohibited segregation and, created the Equal Employment Opportunity Act.

38

Voting Rights Act

Ended poll taxes and literacy tests.

39

Pattus Bridge

600 anti-segregation marchers began a march. Many were injured and arrested.

40

Freedom Summer

Tried to register as many black voters in Mississippi as possible.