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Four functions of families

Procreation, socialization, sexual regulation, economic production/consumption

1

Family

A social institution; primary group of people related who form a cooperative economic unit to care for offspring and are committed to maintaining the group over time

2

Kinship system

Pattern of relationships that define people's relationships to one another within a family

3

Conjugal

Non-blood; through marriage; family of procreation

4

Consanguine

Family of orientation, relation by blood

5

Nuclear

Husband, wife, children; created from industrialization

6

Subnuclear

One parent is missing

7

Extended family

Cousins, aunts, uncles, etc

8

Other mothers

Female provides extensive care and gets recognition

9

Compadazgo

Godparents included

10

Functionalist theory of family

Socializing youth, sex, care, support, security, mutual benefit

11

Conflict theory of family

System of power relations; property and status acquired

12

Symbolic interaction theory of family

Relationships; roles evolve

13

Endogamy

Pressures to marry within group (jim Crowe, religion)

14

Exogamy

Social pressures to marry outside group (small villages)

15

Marriage

Consensual unit based on intimacy, economic cooperation and mutual goals

16

Mate selection

Based on wealth, social advantage, romantic love

17

Social aspects of mate selection

Child/arranged marriage; seclusion of women; adult supervision; friend pressure

18

Personal factors of mate selection

Propinquity, social homogamy, physical matching, complementary emotional needs

19

Propinquity

Likelihood/opportunity

20

Social homogamy

Marry someone socially similar because it's who you see

21

Divorce rate

Increasing since 1950s

22

Divorce factors

Most likely if marry young, 2nd time; rising life expectancy; individualism; womens economic independence; liberal laws; dual career families; decline in traditional roles; stress of living with another person

23

Future trends in marriage/family

Increasing use of Internet to find mate; delay of marriage and birth age; smaller families; less adult time child rearing; serial monogamy; sub-nuclear families/female led; unmarried cohabitation; transnational; social speed up

24

Transnational families

Children in one country, parents in another

25

Social speed up

Working parents have too much to do

26

Education

The transmission of society's knowledge--formal or not

27

Schooling

Institutional aspect of education

28

Functionalist theory of education

Socializes, occupational training; social control

29

Conflict theory of education

Inequality- produces workers, social system of power