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Flashcards in Test 3! Deck (206):
1

Cartesian Dualism

The idea that high art appeals to the mind

2

12" Records

-extended running times
-louder
-roots in Jamaican extended singles

3

Dub

instrumental remixes of reggae tracks

4

David Mancuso and The Loft

-Disco underground
-invite only, non-commercial
-LGBT, blacks, latinos

5

New techniques in Disco

-mixing 2 songs
-beatmatching between songs
-isolating bridge, intro, rhythmic breaks
-remixing to extend

6

Barry White

-Love Unlimited Orchestra
-Love's Theme: instrumental filler track becomes popular in disco scene
-lush orchestration

7

Disco Producers

-began crafting music for disco
-steady, straightforward beat
-Europeans
-Jacques Morali, Giorgio Morodan

8

Disco similarities to Soul/Funk

-rhythmically distinctive bass lines
-strong groove
-percussive rhythm guitar
-staccato horn riffs
-Disco is "watered down" funk

9

Donna Sumner

-Queen of disco
-"Love to Love You Baby"
-producer Giorgio Moroder

10

"Love to Love You Baby

-Donna Sumner
-4-on-the-floor beat
-controversial for simulations of sex
-fast, syncopated hi-hat
-R&B style horns and strings
-constant underlying groove

11

Saturday Night Fever

-Movie based on fraudulent article about NY's disco
-REALLY based on Mod culture
-influences NY Disco Scene
-puts a straight, white face on a subculture that was really gays and minorities
-Bee Gees soundtrack

12

Bee-Gees

-originally an English rock band
-"carpet baggers" of disco
-turn to disco in mid-70s and take over
-Barry Gib adopts R&B falsetto

13

Stayin' Alive

Bee Gees
-4-on-the-floor beat
-falsetto
-NOT gay...

14

You Should Be Dancing

-Bee Gees

15

Studio 54

-influential celebrity night club
-invite only, but not small
-appropriation issues

16

Disco Sucks

-Steve Dahl

17

Possible Reasons Rock fans hated disco

1. Racism: Rock is for straight, white men (But what about Queen, Bowie... etc)
2. Disco is commercialized, not cerebral (clashes with hippie aesthetic)

18

Gendered authenticity

Masculine: intellectual, substantial
Feminine: Not

19

Disco's legacy

-Becomes "Dance Music" and dance clubs keep going
-EDM/techno grows out of this
-similar to rave culture
-parallels early hip hop
-live DJ ing becomes a new art form

20

Origins of Punk Rock

-Creem magazine calls 60's garage rock "punk"
-many artists are returning to basics

21

Garage Rock

-DIY approach
-limited technical proficiency, OR deliberatley harsh/amateur sounding, OR both!
-sparked by The Kingsmen's Louie Louie

22

Velvet Underground

-NYC
-Warhol, Beat Poetry, performance art
-experimental music (minimalism)
-Lou Reed (songwriter)
-sympathetic lyrics to junkies/misfits
-trashcan lids for cymbals
-ostrich tuning (all strings to same note)
-droning effect
-psychedelic qualities: drone, odd sounds, drug references, extended jams
-influenced NY punk scene

23

Heroin

-Velvet Underground Song
-minimalist
-experimental tunings

24

Characteristics of Punk

-more amplified, distorted
-somewhat distances from R&B, country (no piano/horns/twang)
-simple
-uptempo

25

Detroit Scene

-Proto-Punk
-MC5
-The Stooges
-Also Alice Cooper
-loud, aggressive, sloppy hard rock
-noise, meltdowns, freakouts (like acid rock)
-influenced by noisy side of avant garde jazz
-cross influence with Funkadelic

26

The Stooges

-Iggy Pop
-screaming, incoherent lyrics
-wild stage antics
-screaming vocals inspired by Howlin' Wolf
-"Loose:" 3 power chords, thick distorted sound

27

MC5

-Kick Out the Jams album starts with screaming profanities
-affiliated with White Panthers (radical leftist group)
-more polished studio sound, but live raw and aggressive

28

Punk Scene in NY

-defiant youth
-CBGB - club associated with Punk/New Wave

29

70s Mainstream Rock

-increasingly blending trends
-rise of FM Album oriented radio
-more demographics
-corporate rock

30

Corporate Rock

-Buying record labels
-platinum becomes more common
-Boston, Foreigner, Journey, Kansas, REO, Styx

31

CBGB and OMUG Music Clubs

-Ramones, Patti Smith, Television, Talking Heads, Blondie
-Punk Magazine, 1970
-increasing value of cheap DIY approach in music, fashion, etc

32

Patti Smith

-spoken word poetry
-Horses: Retro rock n roll sound and performance art

33

The Ramones

-inspired by McCartney's pseudonym Paul Ramone
-short, fast, few chords
-"genius simplicity"
-frustrated with rock's increasing complexity, so back to basics
-NOT political, controversial
-huge influence on UK Bands
-Sire Records

34

Blitzkrieg Bop

-simple verse
-no chorus
-3 chords
-high energy
-silly lyrics and personas
-humor, parody

35

Television

-New Wave
-CBGB Scene
-slightly more complicated than punk
-poets

36

Britain in the early 70s

-economic recession
-class tensions
-strikes/riots
-bleak future prospoects
-youthful alienation/anger

37

Sex Pistols

-most influential UK punk group
-manager Malcom McLaren

38

Malcolm McLaren

-Love/hate lists
-sex store owner
-hugely influential on punk fashion
-kids attracted to shop were attracted to fashion/subculture, didn't know shit about music

39

Anarchy in the UK

-Sex Pistols
-EMI not pleased with cussing on live tv (last minute fill in for Queen)
-#1 hit sparks many punk bands
-modified simple verse
-fast tempo, driving 8th notes
-two bridges

40

God Save the Queen

-banned in the UK
-angry denunciation of monarchy on 25th anniversary of queen elizabeth

41

Nevermind the Bullocks

-controversial Sex Pistols album

42

Punk philosophy

-Sex Pistols: angry, hostile, anti-establishment

43

Nihilism

-belief that there is no single objective meaning to life, thus no single set of morals

44

Steve Jones

-Sex Pistols guitarist

45

Johnny Rotten

-Sex Pistols singer

46

The Clash

-Rastafarian Prophecy (When 2 7s clash)
-interested in CBGB, reggae, ska, rock-steady
-rhythm guitar, keyboards
-explore off-beats
-greater stylistic range
-Bo Diddley, rockabilly, dub
-more focused in politics (socialists)

47

Rude Can't Fail

-The Clash
-Bo Diddley Beat

48

London Calling

-big success in US
-represents that punk wasn't one dimensional
-end of the world

49

Revolution Rock

-The Clash
-cover of obscure reggae song
-adds big band sound
-Bo Diddley beat
-more variety than Sex Pistols, Ramones

50

Other Punk bands in UK

The Jam, The Damned, The Buzzcocks, Siouxie Sioux, The Slits, X-Ray Specks, Blondie

51

New Wave

-originally used as reference to NY underground proto-punk
-Getting rid of label of "punk," but really interchangeable
-McLaren refers to less-angsty punk as New Wave
-not as focused on "chainsaw buzz"

52

Chainsaw Buzz

-Punk
-8th note power chords distorted

53

New Wave sounds: (as compared to punk)

-less distorted
-more complex
-emphasis on musicianship
-more synthetic sounds and keyboards
-evolves into synth pop

54

Roxy Music

-huge influence on New Wave

55

Talking Heads

-Design school
-David Byrne (vocals/guitar)
-Tina Wayworth (bass)
-CBGB
-minimalist
-scratchy rhythm guitar
-intellectual approach
-later afro-beat, drumming
-absorb members of King Crimson and Funkadelic
-producer Brian Eno (roxy Music)

56

Psycho Killer

-Talking Heads
-accelerating and jamming towards end
-multiple interlocking rhythm on two guitar
-spastic vocals

57

3rd album of Talking Heads

-more funky
-world music
-globalization of New Wave sound
-inspired by Nigerian musician

58

Blondie

-Debbie Harry
-Chris Stein
-CBGB
-Disco, reggae, even rap
-one of first bands to play hip hop on MTV
-early girl group influences

59

Heart of Glass

-Blondie
-Disco sound
-stylistic shift from earlier sound

60

Blondie compared to Heart (NW vs Mainstream rock)

-less blues influenced
-less ornamentation in vocals
-Blondie has no vibrato
-Blondie more rhythmically precise, but deliberately thinner and less technically proficient

61

the Cars

-Boston background in folk rock
-many early NW hits

62

My Best Friends Girl

-The Cars
-hand claps from Motown
-hiccups from Buddy Holly
-back to basics
-NOT angsty
-more directly retro

63

Devo

-De-evolution
-satirical humor
-sci-fi
-pioneering music videos
-produced by Brian Eno

64

The B-52s

-Rock Lobster
-footage of 60s, 50s, sci-fi
-new wave
-surf-style riffs
-electric organ

65

Elvis Costello and the Attractions

-fills in for Sex Pistols on SNL
-Radio, Radio banned (consolidating 70s trends)
-first British NW success in US
-Allison
-Pump it Up
-aggressive attacks on status quo

66

The Police

-Sting (vocals, bass)
-Copeland (complex drumming)
-Andy Summers (guitar)
-supergroup, all used to play in prog bands and jazz
-initially, strong reggae influence

67

Outlandos D'amour

-The Police Album
-meaningless title
-reggae, jazz, prog influences

68

Roxanne

-The Police
-imitation of reggae skank guitar (scratchy, percussive)
-chorus is straightforward rock

69

NW Connection to other genres

-influences 80s synth pop
-Prog rock bands reinvent selves as NW

70

Hardcore Punk

-California scene
-DC scene
-harder, faster, louder

71

Black Flag

-arguably 1st hardcore band
-NOT white amateur atheists like punk is stereotyped to be
-Cali scene
-LA scene

72

Minor Threat

-most important in DC hardcore scene
-tied to straight-edge culture
-vegetarian
-not reformers

73

Bad Brains

-DC black hardcore punk bands
-rasta virtuosos
-played super mellow dub reggae as a break between songs

74

Rise of Cable TV in 1980s

-deregulation of entertainment industries leads to increase programming
-consumers have more options
-beginning in 70s, cable develops special channels (like HBO)

75

Video Killed the Radio Star

-By the Buggles
-1st broadcast on MTV
-synth pop replacing traditional instruments
-Kraftwerk
-Vox AC30 amp distorts voice, mimics early broadcasting
-mixing nostalgic and futuristic imagery

76

MTV in terms of race

-early days: appeal to white teens, videos exclusively from white rock musicians
-became big when black artists came

77

Billie Jean Video

-MTV originally refuses to play becase MJ is black, but Epic (record label) threatens to leave MTV and the video gives MTV HUGE success
-funk/disco elements
-striking visuals

78

Michael Jackson

-begins career in Motown at age 5
-shifts to teen-oriented pop to disco style dance music
-Thriller-album singles promoted with dance videos
-dances inspired by James Brown, Jackie Wilson, and 30s/40s movie stars, tap, theater
-lip-synced

79

Thriller film

-first of its kind
-$500,000 budget
-helped cement music videos role as an art form in its own

80

Madonna

-could be asserting sexual empowerment OR objectifying herself

81

Open Your Heart

-Madonna
-synth pop
-parody of how male gays see women

82

Rock Videos

-often parody the notion of a music video
-some are campy and humorous
-some are artistic

83

Prince

-wants complete control (like Stevie Wonder)
-multi-racial/gendered band: Revolution
-prolific songwriter (over 1000 unreleased)
-DIY approach, sorta (one man band)
-one of 1st black artists heavily on MTV (Little Red Corvette)
-played all instruments well

84

1999

-Prince song
-lead vocals passed around like Sly and the Family Stone

85

Pop Life

-Prince
-Later career, moving into neo-psychedelic style

86

What did MTV establish?

The music video is important as an art form
and establishes rap commercially, shows its not just a fad

87

Metal umnaut

Blue Öyster Cult, aligning self with metal subculture even if they weren't scandinavian

88

Iron Maiden

-influenced by prog rock (Steve, bassist, heavy riffs and horror imagery)
-albums don't vary much

89

The Trooper

Maiden song
-twin lead guitars
-rapid bass line interplay
-heavily distorted, fast rhythm guitar

90

Motörhead

-power trio
-considers selves a fast rock band, not really metal
-metal fused with punk rock (not as polished as maiden, priest)
-precursors to thrash and speed metal
-slightly more blues, roots than metal bands
-no US commercial success, but influential
-Lenny kilmister

91

Ace of Spades

-Motörhead song
-very distorted guitar
-fast, amateurish punk feel

92

Girlschool

-longest running all female rock band
-punk-tinged metal
-collaborated with Motörhead

93

Randy Rhodes

80s guitar shredder

94

Eruption

-Van Halen
-melodic independence from two hands

95

What inspired shredders?

prog's serious treatment of instrumental music

96

Glam Metal

-elements of metal, punk, pop, and glam
-Hair metal
-power ballad
-cross-dressing, shock rock
-Dee Snider: to be feminine is the most masculine display possible
-Mötley Cruë

97

Pop Metal

-less glammy than glam
-more of a sing along chorus
-Bon Jovi, Def Leppard, Whitesnake, Guns n Roses
-hair metal

98

Cum on Feel the Noize

Quiet Riot song
-first metal song to break top 5 pop charts

99

Thrash Metal

-reaction against Glam Metal
-even more aggressive, faster percussive riffs
-socio-political themes (anti-establishment, warfare, alienation, horror, madness)
-Big 4: Metallic (most influential), Megadeth, Slayer, Anthrax

100

Master of Puppets

Metallica album, 1986
-musicianship
-epic song lengths
-some quieter parts
-denunciation of military

101

Black

-Metallica album
-increased commercial success
-"selling out"
-Enter Sandman is more mid-tempo

102

Opeth

-Blackwater Park
-classical influences
-dyanmic contrast
-blues roots faded away, more classical

103

Rap

spoken style of words

104

Hip-Hop

Rap, music, dance, etc

105

diaspora

Greek word meaning scattered

106

Afro-Diasporic music

-Jamaica to the Bronx
-sonuds systems, street parties
-Dub Music (grew out of reggae)
-isolate, emphasize rhythm

107

Toasting

speaking rhythmically over the beat (in the Bronx) develops into rap

108

The dozens

playful insult game in Jamaica, rapid rhythmically tricky phrasing that leads into rap (like Maybelline, Subterrean Home Sick Blues)

109

Gill Scott-Heron

-rap precedent
-jazz/soul artist
-The Revolution Will Not Be Televised, spoken word piece

110

The Last Poets

-percussion + poetry
-civil rights
-When the Revolution Comes

111

DJ Kool Herc

Kingston Jamaica to the Bronx
-invented hip-hop
-smoothly transitions between stuff when djing

112

Afrika Bambaata

-breaks, punch phrasing
-founded Zulu Nation
-"master of the record"

113

5 elements of hip-hop subculture

-MC
-DJ
-Graffiti
-Break Dancing
-Beat boxing

114

Rapper's Delight

Sugarhill Gang song
-first hip hop single (up until this point, it was all live)
-recreated bass line from disco song "Good Times"
-15 minute song

115

Rapture

-Blondie song
-first song on MTV to feature rapping
-rap section
-New Wave imitating Hip Hop imitating Disco

116

Grandmaster Flash

-transition to studio recording is difficult
-"The Adventures of..." 1st single capturing a live DJ mix with 3 turntables

117

Run DMC

-from Queens
-producer Russel Simmons
-Joseph Simmons and Daryl McDaniels
-rap becoming main stream
-drum machines
-elements of rock
-DJ Jam master jay

118

Rock Box

Run DMC song
-beats by DJ Jam Master Jay
-Rock Riffs by Eddie Martinez
-1st rap video on MTV shows a party

119

Walk This Way

-Aerosmith and Run DMC sample each other symbiotically
-literally breaking down walls in video

120

Beastie Boys

-from hardcore punk to hip hop
-first white people to get into hip hop
-"Issues of Appropriation"-best selling rap album

121

You Gotta Fight For Your Right to Party

-originally supposed to be a parody of dumb party music/jock rock anthems like Smokin in the Boys Room

122

Sampling

-early days: no legal framework
-people making new music because they couldn't learn instruments
-this should be okay, because other types of music involve quoting

123

De La Soul

-among 1st hip-hop to sample white artists
-sued, legal framework established to sampling

124

Hardcore Rap

-late 80s-rappers make more political songs
-more confrontational, anti-establishment
-Public Enemy

125

Bring the Noise

-Public Enemy song
-harsh dissonant collages with samples from many different sources
-lyrics about challenging political status quo

126

Fight The Power

-Public Enemy song
-similar to musique concrete
-Production team The Bomb Squad
-social and political

127

Gangsta Rap

-most commercially successful hip hop
-criminal life
-Ice-T
-NWA
-new form of minstrelsy?? -Spike Lee
-perpetuating black stereotypes, or examining inner city reality??

128

Fuck Tha Police

-NWA song
-gangsta rap
-warning from FBI

129

FM radio goes from Free Form to AOR

-album oriented rock
-heavily formatted by end of 70s, DJs have less freedom
-extended tracks no longer radio friendly
-advertising concerns mean that only popular music is played
-major corporations invest in rock radio when it becomes popular
-leads to Corporate rock

130

"Big Album"

-more records achieved higher sales
-platinum (1 million sold)
-bigger venues, national and international tours

131

Peter Frampton

-poster child of corporate rock
-left Humble Pie for solo career
-"Frampton Comes Alive!"

132

Show Me The Way

-contrasting verse-chorus
-voice box on lead guitar
-Peter Frampton

133

Hotel California

-Joe Walsh replaced the guitarist for the Eagles
-moves from easy country rock to mainstream style

134

Fleetwood Mac

-started as british blues band
-mainstream rock and ballads
-Rumours sold the most copies of any album to date

135

Late 70s

mainstream rock continues and extends styles, blending them together

136

Boston

-blends blues rock with prog aspects
-makes these styles more radio friendly

137

Foreigner

-vocals from rhythm and blues
-blues rock guitar riffs
-prominent keyboards
-radio success from merging popular styles

138

Journey

-drew upon prog
-santana, zappa, steve miller band members

139

Van Halen

-blended hard-driving rock with blues-based vocals
-mainstream rock exploring older forms of rock in new ways

140

Kansas

-took away some extravagance from prog to make it fit into 4-minute radio songs

141

Rush

-power trio
-guitar rather than keyboard focus
-high pitched vocals
-virtuosic drumming
-poetic lyrics
-influenced by prog

142

ELO

-influenced by Beatles' rock+chamber strings

143

Queen

-inspired by glam from Bowie and classical ambitions of prog

144

NY Dolls

-connect between artsy, experimental Velvet Underground and the NY punk scene
-never commercially successful

145

The Jam

-UK punk band
-hard driving rhythm with catchy pop hooks

146

Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers

-folk rock style of Dylan and the Byrds
-marketed among New Wave (partly due to appearance, partly for roots rock)

147

The Knack

-New Wave
-images from rock's history
-Capitol records old logo

148

What did all New Wave bands have in common?

interested in ironic references to earlier rock roots and imagery, rejecting psychedelic music (less complex, shallower lyrics)

149

Beat It

-Michael Jackson
-Eddie Van Halens guitar solo

150

The Girl Is Mine

-Michael Jackson and Paul McCartney duet

151

Like a Virgin

Madonna
-has similar aspects to Billie Jean
-synthesizers
-compound AABA
-

152

1999

Prince song
-funk influences at end
-synthesizer heavy
-drums: strong backbeat
-dif voices for each line (like sly and the family stone)

153

Women in rock music, late 70s

more aggressive and sensual female images
(Olivia Newton John, Blondie, Heart, B-52s, Cyndi Lauper)

154

Early models for metal

-The Kingsmen's garage band music
-MC5, the Stooges
-progressive psychedelic like InAGaddaDaVida
-Black Sabbath is earliest form of metal (+Zeppelin and Deep Purple

155

Judas Priest

-developed underground
-metal

156

New Wave of British metal

-guitar drive
-Priest, Maiden, Leppard
-pyrotechnical soloing
-unrelenting heavy drum beats

157

LA metal scene

-musicians rushing in
-Van Halen's late 70s success inspired these bands
-Quiet Riot is the first
-Ratt, Motley Crue

158

Shout at the Devil

-pop-oriented guitar driven metal
-Motley Crue
-screaming signing (Ala Plant)
-loud, assertive drumming
-anthem quality
-representative of LA metal
-Compound AABA
-repetition of catchy, sing-along chorus

159

Bon Jovi

-high soaring vocals
-virtuosic, but often restrained guitar of Ritchie Sambora
-working class youth lyrics rather than partying (ala Springsteen)
-become too pop oriented to be considered metal

160

Guns n Roses

-more focused on seedier life in LA (drugs, chaos)
-contrasting higher screaming vocals
-lengthy melodic guitar solos
-commercially successful
-hair band

161

Poison

-stereotypical LA hair metal
-quick but virtuosic guitar solos
-sexist lyrics
-power ballads

162

Power ballad

-often begins sentimentally before heavy guitar/drums
-shows singer's sensitive side

163

Metallica

-NOT pop oriented, but serious, ambitious
-influenced by big 3, +mötorhead
-speed metal, thrash metal
-wide variety of texture
-drawing from prog rock influences of 80s metal

164

Megadeth

-thrash metal
-socially conscious themes
-Peace Sells, But Who's Buying?

165

Anthrax

-NY
-social themes
-thrash metal
-mixing rap with metal

166

Slayer

-LA thrash metal

167

One

-Metallica
-2 parts
-A: contrasting verse-chorus
-B: musical composition
instrumental interludes

168

Hippie Aesthetic

-Basic idea: rock musician is an artist responsible for making sophisticated music by any means available
-focus on musical, technological craft, artistic approach, intellectually focused albums
-continued by metal

169

Yngwie Malmsteen

-Sweden-->California
-Band: Rising Force
-virtuosity gone awry

170

foundational figures in metal guitar

-randy rhoads (ozzy's guitarist)
-eddie van halen
-ritchie blackmore

171

most traditional style of rock in 80s

heavy metal!

172

REM

College rock
-"the one I love"
-cryptic
-energetic

173

Pixies

Indie
Boston
Catchy songs
Dynamic contrasts

174

Sonic youth

NY noise rock scene

175

Smiths

College rock
UK indie

176

Indie characteristics

Lo fi

177

Pavement

Indie
Slacker lifestyle
Lo fi
Heavy distorted guitar
Loose

178

Elliot smith

Indie
Solo-plays all instruments
Primitive equipment
Lo fi
Intimate

179

Super chunk

Indie
High energy
Roots in punk

180

Neutral milk hotel

Lo fi
Cryptic
Wide Range of styles

181

Yo la tengo

U.S. indie scene
-noise rock
Distorted guitar
Boise experiments

182

My Bloody Valentine

"Shoegazing" music
Noisy guitars
Strong melodies

183

Uncle Tupelo

Country from an indie rock POV
-alt-country
Didn't care about Commercial success

184

Beck

Indie, but signed with major label
-lo fi
-Influences: hip hop, country rock, soul, classical
-samples

185

Classic rock radio format

-only played biggest hits from 1966-1978
-Fred Jacobs
-super success

186

Lee Abrams

Developing stricter album oriented rock format

187

REM

-More accessible, mid tempo than punk bands
-major label
-college rock

188

The One I love

-REM song
-bright jangly folk guitars
-cryptic lyrics
-deeper feelings
-simple verse chorus

189

Sonic youth

-No Wave
-unusual guitar tunings
-teenage Riot video-80s DIY culture

190

No Wave Scene

-atonal, experimental off shoot of NY's punk and new wave scenes

191

Bikini Kill

-early indie rock group
-chooses NOT to sign with major label
-pioneer Riot Grrrrl movement
-women's issues
"Rebel Girl"

192

Yo La tengo

-noise pop: slightly more melodic, refined noise rock
-indie
-little Honda (beach boys cover)
-less polished, whisper vocals

193

In the aero plane over the sea

neutral milk hotel
One of most acclaimed indie albums
Deliberately Nasally

194

Wilco

Formerly alt-country
-Yankee hotel foxtrot streamed on Internet for free

195

Arcade fire

-tons of dif instruments played
-Montreal indie
-month of May: straightforward rock and soundscape

196

Song 2

Blur
Parody of US grunge
Lo fi
Heavily distorted guitar in chorus
Clean guitar in intro
Grunge like dynamic contrast

197

Ok Computer

Critically Acclaimed radio head album
-electronic instruments revived
-ambient
-modern alienation
-soundscapes

198

Lee scratch perry

-pioneer of dub and 12" records
-Jamaican producer
-influences both disco and hip hop

199

Beatmatching

Adjusting playback speed so beat doesn't change between songs

200

Quincy Jones

Producer for Michael jacksons thriller

201

Peter Gabriel

Leaves genesis for solo career
Song "sledgehammer"

202

Nick Cohn

-Wrote incorrect article about disco
-British rock journalist

203

Radio radio

Elvis Costello sang on SNL even though he wasn't allowed to

204

Tom Moulton

Invents 12" records

205

Break beats

Repeated sample of drum beat

206

Power chord

I and V (missing 3rd) can't be major or minor