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Flashcards in Test 3 Deck (25):
1

any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about through experience.

Learning .

2

form of learning in which a previously neutral stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus to elicit a conditioned response that is identical to or very similar to the unconditioned

Classical conditioning

3

learning in which the consequences of behavior lead to change in the probability of its occurrence

Operant Conditioning

4

any consequence of behavior that lead to an increase int the probability of its occurrence

Postive Behavior Reinforcement

5

reinforcement that occurs when a behavior is followed by the removal or the avoidance of a negative event

Negative Behavior Reinforcement

6

a negative consequence of a behavior, which leads to a decrease in the frequency of the behavior that produces it

Punishment

7

nitiate postitive reinforces that do not have to be acquired through learning.

Primary Reinforcement

8

learned positive reinforces

Secondary Reinforcement

9

Strategy of positively reinforcing behavior that are successively more similar to desired behaviors

Shaping

10

inferred mental awareness of the structure of a physical space or related elements

Cognitive Map

11

an increase in the frequency of a negative behavior that often follows the use of criticism, reinforcing the behavior it is intended to punish

Criticism Trap

12

process of unlearning a learned response because of the removal of the original source of learning

Extinction

13

a stream that's constantly changing yet always the same

Consciousness

14

the mental desire or craving to achieve a drug's effects

Psychological Dependence

15

movements of the eyes under the lids, often accompanies dreams

Rem Sleep

16

abnormal sleep disturbances

Night Terrors

17

walking and carrying on complicated activities during the deepest part of non-REM sleep

Sleepwalking

18

a group of techniques designed to refocus attention, block out all distractions, and produce an alternate state of consciousness

Meditation

19

trance- like states of heightened suggestibility, deep relaxation, block out all distractions, and produce an alternate state of consciousness

Hypnosis

20

chemical the change conscious awareness, mood or perception

Psychoactive Drug

21

increases the overall activity and responsiveness of the central nervous system

Stimulant

22

act on the central nervous system to suppress or slow bodily processes and to reduce overall responsiveness

Depressants

23

derived from the opium poppy, are used medically to relieve pain

Opiates

24

date rape drug, methlyenedioxymethamphetamine, common know as Ecstasy

Club Drug

25

drugs that produce sensory or perceptual distortions, including visual, auditory, and kinesthetic hallucinations

Hallucinogens