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Flashcards in test 3 Deck (83):
1

likes to organize

matthew

2

5 great speeches given by jesus

matthew

3

likes pairs (double characters, double stories)

matthew

4

strong jewish center

matthew

5

displays anti-jewish polemic

matthew

6

fulfillment of prophecy is important

matthew

7

Law is important: questions about Jesus’ relationship to law and interpretation of law recur

matthew

8

Present apocalyptic vision of the world

matthew

9

Only gospel in which Jesus talks explicitly about the church

matthew

10

Peter is important: several references to Peter and stories about him found nowhere else

matthew

11

Abiding presence of God/Jesus is important

matthew

12

Sparse and brief compared to others

mark

13

ends abruptly

mark

14

Displays special knack for art of storytelling

mark

15

Emphasizes Jesus’ deeds over his words (as compared to other gospels)

mark

16

Story is dominated by Jesus’ passion

mark

17

Marked by a sense of eschatological urgency

mark

18

Seems to have special interest in Galilee

mark

19

Frequently explains Jewish matter, but not Roman ones

mark

20

Assumes that his readers already have basic knowledge of Christian tradition

mark

21

Imbued with motif of secrecy

mark

22

Offers most human portrait of Jesus

mark

23

Highlights failures of Jesus’ disciples

mark

24

Begins with extensive prologue

luke

25

Has a sequel (Acts)

luke

26

Events reported are tied to their historical context

luke

27

Jerusalem receives special emphasis

luke

28

Emphasizes worship and prayer

luke

29

Emphasizes the work of the Holy Spirit

luke

30

Seems to have an unusual interest in food

luke

31

Salvation is an important theme

luke

32

Emphasizes concern for the excluded

luke

33

Begins with a hymnic prologue that presents Jesus as preexistent Logos made flesh

john

34

Appears to be related in some way to the 3 Johannine Epistles

john

35

Claims to be based on the testimony of someone called the “beloved disciple”

john

36

Shows signs of having been edited

john

37

90% of the content is unparalleled and stories here that are found elsewhere are told quite differently from the parallels

john

38

appears to know numerous minor details not reported by the other gospels (especially with regard to the passion narrative)

john

39

Presents a very different chronology for Jesus’ ministry than that of the other gospels

john

40

Content and style of Jesus’ teaching is different from the other gospels

john

41

Miracles of Jesus are depicted as signs that are intended to lead people to believe

john

42

Misunderstanding is a common motif

john

43

Makes abundant use of symbolism

john

44

Identifies Jesus’ opponents as “the jews” a term that is not widely used in the other gospels

john

45

Emphasizes love for one another as the single new commandment of Jesus and as the distinctive mark of his followers

john

46

Emphasizes the role of the spirit, the Paraclete

john

47

Has its own special vocabulary for salvation

john

48

Presents Jesus’ crucifixion as his exaltation

john

49

When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to bring good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to let the oppressed go free, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”

luke

50

He came to his hometown and began to teach the people in their synagogue, so that they were astounded and said, “Where did this man get this wisdom and these deeds of power? Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? And are not all his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all this?” And they took offense at him. But Jesus said to them, “Prophets are not without honor except in their own country and in their own house.” And he did not do many deeds of power there, because of their unbelief

matthew

51

An account of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

matthew

52

James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came forward to him and said to him, “Teacher, we want you to do for us whatever we ask of you.” And he said to them, “What is it you want me to do for you?” And they said to him, “Grant us to sit, one at your right hand and one at your left, in your glory.” But Jesus said to them, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?” They replied, “We are able.” Then Jesus said to them, “The cup that I drink you will drink; and with the baptism with which I am baptized, you will be baptized; but to sit at my right hand or at my left is not mine to grant, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared.”

mark

53

The beginning of the good news of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. As it is written in the prophet Isaiah, See, I am sending my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way; the voice of one crying out in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight,’” John the baptizer appeared in the wilderness, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.

mark

54

“For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life.

john

55

Since many have undertaken to set down an orderly account of the events that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed on to us by those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of the word, I too decided, after investigating everything carefully from the very first, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the truth concerning the things about which you have been instructed.

luke

56

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through him, and without him not one thing came into being. What has come into being in him was life, and the life was the light of all people. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overcome it.

john

57

Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. Her husband Joseph, being a righteous man and unwilling to expose her to public disgrace, planned to dismiss her quietly. But just when he had resolved to do this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the child conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will bear a son, and you are to name him Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” All this took place to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet, “Look, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall name him Emmanuel,”which means, “God is with us.” When Joseph awoke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him; he took her as his wife, but had no marital relations with her until she had borne a son; and he named him Jesus.

matthew

58

But they have no root, and endure only for a while; then, when trouble or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately they fall away. And others are those sown among the thorns: these are the ones who hear the word, but the cares of the world, and the lure of wealth, and the desire for other things come in and choke the word, and it yields nothing. And these are the ones sown on the good soil: they hear the word and accept it and bear fruit, thirty and sixty and a hundredfold.”

mark

59

These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions: “Go nowhere among the Gentiles, and enter no town of the Samaritans, but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. As you go, proclaim the good news, ‘The kingdom of heaven has come near.

matthew

60

“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

matthew

61

Philip said to him, “Lord, show us the Father, and we will be satisfied.” Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you all this time, Philip, and you still do not know me? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own; but the Father who dwells in me does his works.

john

62

Then he looked up at his disciples and said: “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God. “Blessed are you who are hungry now, for you will be filled. “Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh. “Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude you, revile you, and defame you on account of the Son of Man. Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, for surely your reward is great in heaven; for that is what their ancestors did to the prophets.

luke

63

“I am the true vine, and my Father is the vine grower. He removes every branch in me that bears no fruit. Every branch that bears fruit he prunes to make it bear more fruit. You have already been cleansed by the word that I have spoken to you. Abide in me as I abide in you. Just as the branch cannot bear fruit by itself unless it abides in the vine, neither can you unless you abide in me. I am the vine, you are the branches. Those who abide in me and I in them bear much fruit, because apart from me you can do nothing.

john

64

He entered Jericho and was passing through it. A man was there named Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was rich. He was trying to see who Jesus was, but on account of the crowd he could not, because he was short in stature. So he ran ahead and climbed a sycamore tree to see him, because he was going to pass that way. When Jesus came to the place, he looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, hurry and come down; for I must stay at your house today.” So he hurried down and was happy to welcome him. All who saw it began to grumble and said, “He has gone to be the guest of one who is a sinner.” Zacchaeus stood there and said to the Lord, “Look, half of my possessions, Lord, I will give to the poor; and if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I will pay back four times as much.” Then Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because he too is a son of Abraham. For the Son of Man came to seek out and to save the lost.”

luke

65

A Samaritan woman came to draw water, and Jesus said to her, “Give me a drink.” (His disciples had gone to the city to buy food.) The Samaritan woman said to him, “How is it that you, a Jew, ask a drink of me, a woman of Samaria?” (Jews do not share things in common with Samaritans.) Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.” The woman said to him, “Sir, you have no bucket, and the well is deep. Where do you get that living water? Are you greater than our ancestor Jacob, who gave us the well, and with his sons and his flocks drank from it?” Jesus said to her, “Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, but those who drink of the water that I will give them will never be thirsty. The water that I will give will become in them a spring of water gushing up to eternal life.” The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water, so that I may never be thirsty or have to keep coming here to draw water.”

john

66

One of the criminals who were hanged there kept deriding him and saying, “Are you not the Messiah? Save yourself and us!” But the other rebuked him, saying, “Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? And we indeed have been condemned justly, for we are getting what we deserve for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong.” Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.” He replied, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”

luke

67

Q document

source used by matthew and luke
sayings of Jesus
found 50-70 CE
portrays Jesus as itinerant prophet and wisdom teacher

68

marks possible eye witness for his gospel

peter

69

location of first part of marks gospel

galilee

70

mark, m, l, and q source

mark: first gospel written, used by matthew and luke
m: matthew, source only used by matthew
l: luke, source only used by luke
q: source only used by matthew and luke, not used by mark, sayings of Jesus

71

church or ecclesia in synoptic gospels

only mentioned in matthew

72

teaching sections of matthew

5 sections
1. sermon on the mount
2. commissioning of the 12 (missionary instructions)
3. parables of the kingdom
4. talking of the church/community
5. apocalypse (sermon on mt olive)

73

sermon on the mount

how to live a life that is dedicated to and pleasing to God, free from hypocrisy, full of love and grace, full of wisdom and discernment
characteristics of a true believer

74

gospel of luke and women

women were prominent in this gospel
mentioned more and have more significant roles

75

7 i am saying

i am the bread of life
i am the light of the world
i am the door
i am the good shepherd
i am the resurrection and the life
i am the way, and the truth, and the life
i am the vine

76

paraclete

holy spirit
as advocate or counselor

77

difference between matthew and luke about blessed are the poor

matthew: “Blessed are the poor in spirit." appears to be talking about poverty in a spiritual sense
luke: “Blessed are you poor.” appears to be talking about poverty in a financial sense

78

matthew's audience/readers

urban jewish-christian community
those living within immediate proximity to homeland

79

theophilus

name or honorary title of the person to whom the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles are addressed

80

name for miracles in john's gospel

signs

81

gospel of thomas

anti-women gospel
gnostic gospel (not included in Bible)
sayings of Jesus

82

passion narrative with extended introduction

way to describe Mark's gospels bc of focus on his death and resurrection and not on his early life and teachings
everything else told very quickly/skipped altogether

83

synoptic gospels

matthew, mark, and luke
not john
all 3 have resurrection, but told in different ways