test 3 Flashcards Preview

Human growth and development > test 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in test 3 Deck (99)
Loading flashcards...
1

Weight and height increase by

16 pounds and a foot

2

Average BMI

Lower than at any other time of life

3

Children become slimmer as

The body lengthens

4

______________ is more frequent than malnutrition

obesity

5

___________ is when parents tend to guard against undernutrition and rely on fast foods, so their children are especially vulnerable to obesity

low income family cultures

6

____________ is causing an epidemic of illnesses associated with obesity, such as heart disease and diabetes

overfeeding

7

Children who eat more vegetables and fewer fried foods_____________

tend to gain more muscle mass then fat

8

How many children have a food allergy, usually to a healthy, common food

8%

9

Young children are impulsive about what

dailey routine

10

____________ correlates with obesity

tooth decay

11

What affects teeth?

diet/illness

12

Infected teeth can affect what

the rest of the childs body

13

The brain weights 75% of what it will in adulthood by what age

2

14

Brain reaches 90% of adult weight by what age

6

15

Sleep more regular, emotions more nuanced and responsive, temper tantrums decrease/subside, uncontrollable laughter and tears less common are benefits from____________

Maturation of the Prefrontal Cortex from age 2-6

16

Communication/autism/adhd happens in what part of the brain

corpus callosum

17

"Sidedness" (left brain controls right side)

lateralization

18

Left-handedness is _________

discourage

19

What is myelination?

whitematter

20

Impulse control is _________

postpone

21

Preservation means ___________

stick too

22

Left-right brain distinction is

exaggerated

23

Exclusively left- or right-brained is ___________

Not possible

24

The __________ is parts of the brain that are crucial in the expression and regulation of emotions

limbic system

25

___________ is neural, centers in the limbic system, and linked to emotion

amygdala

26

a structure in the limbic system linked to memory

hippocampus

27

controls maintenance functions such as eating; helps govern endocrine system; linked to emotion and rewards

hypothalamus

28

________ created proportional thought

Piaget

29

___________ is before logical operations

preoporational

30

Child's verbal ability permits is __________

symbolic thinking