Test 3: Analysis of Upper Extremity Exercise Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 3: Analysis of Upper Extremity Exercise Deck (27):
1

Often one of the body's weakest areas

Upper extremity

2

What are strength & endurance in shoulder area

• Essential for posture
• More efficient skill performance
• Specific conditioning exercises & activities should be intelligently selected

3

Things that we are doing in our society and things that are convenient for us are ruining our posture

Devolution of man

4

Typical weight room exercises concentrate only on:

Anterior shoulder

5

We group muscles together according to their:

Concentric functions

6

What do we need to know when viewing activity?

• Determine which muscles are performing the movement
• Know what type of contraction is occurring
• Know what kind of exercises are appropriate for developing the muscles

7

• Allows the athlete to assume a comfortable and balanced body position which to initiate sport skill

Stance Phase

8

• Used to lengthen the appropriate muscle to that they will be in a position to generate more force and momentum

Preparatory phase

9

• ie. acceleration, action, motion, or contact phase
• Phase where summation of force is generated

Movement phase

10

• Brings about negative acceleration (deceleration)

Follow-through phase

11

• Regain balance and positioning to be ready for next sport demand

Recovery phase

12

Our extremities consist of several bony segments linked by a series of joints

The kinetic chain concept

13

An extremity may be seen as representing an ____________________ if the distal end of the extremity is not fixed to any surface

examples?

open kinetic chain

Bicep curls, leg extensions, lat pull-downs

14

What are the advantages of an open kinetic chain?

You can isolate single joints and single muscles

15

When distal end of extremity is fixed, as in a push-up, dip, squat, or dead lift, extremity represents a ___________________

Examples?

Closed kinetic chain

Push-ups, pull-ups

16

Where does nutrients to the hyaline cartilage happen?

Closed kinetic chain

17

The only way you can stabilize a joint is using

Closed kinetic chain

18

Overload principle:

• Within appropriate parameters, a muscle or muscle group increases in strength in direct proportion to the overload placed on it
• The amount of overload applied varies significantly based on several factors

19

Why is it that when an untrained person beginning a strength program they are able to see gains quickly?

Mostly due to a refinement of neuromuscular function, rather than an actual increase in muscle tissue strength

20

• Intentional variance in a training program at regular intervals
• Done to bring about optimal gains in physical performance
• Designed so that the athlete will be at his/her peak level during the most competitive part of the season

Periodization

21

Ways you can manipulate the overload principle:

• number of sets per exercise
• repetitions per set
• types of exercises
• number of exercises per training session
• rest periods between sets & exercises
• resistance used for a set
• type of muscle contraction
• number of training sessions per day & per week

22

SAID Principle stands for

Specific Adaptations to Imposed Demands

23

What is the SAID principle?

The body will gradually, over time, adapt very specifically to the various stresses & overloads to which it is subjected

24

Muscular strength, muscular endurance, & flexibility are not general body characteristics

Specificity

25

One _________ necessarily develop enough muscular strength, endurance, & flexibility through participation in sport activities alone

DOES NOT

26

• Holding breath while bearing down to lift heavy weights or trying to exhale against a closed epiglottis

Valsalva manuever

27

What happens to your blood pressure when you do the Valsalva maneuver?

Spikes your blood pressure then drops it quickly