Test 3 - Baroque Period Flashcards Preview

Music History > Test 3 - Baroque Period > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test 3 - Baroque Period Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

Florence Camerata

-Informal gatherings of noblemen and musicians where they talk about poetry, music, philosophy, literature, and ancient greek culture

2

monody

-style
-early 17th century Italian vocal music
-accp = basso continuo

3

predecessor: intermedi

performed between acts of plays

4

strophic variation

-ONLY bass repeats in each verse

5

oratorio

-large scale work for voice and orchestra
-extended musical setting of text
-religious ethical subject matter
-narrative/dramatic/contemplative elements

6

passus duriusculis

descending chromatic tetrachord

7

toccata

-keyboard
-introductory
-virtuostic

8

prelude

-introductory
-improvisatory
-identical in style and function to toccata

9

style fantasticus

-for instruments
-most free method of composing
-bound to neither words/melodic subject
-display genius
-teach hidden design of harmony
-composition of harmonic phrases/fugues

10

baroque suite

-"to follow"
-series of dances
-all movements in the same key

11

allemande

-quadruple meter
-serious mood
-moderately slow tempo

12

courante

-in 3
-italian: fast
-french: moderate
-hemiola, stile brise, counterpoint

13

sarabande

-slow triple meter
-accented 2nd beat

14

gigue

-fast
-compound duple

15

sonata de chiesa

-church sonata
-4 movements

16

concerto

-join together/fight
-early baroque - heterogeneous
(group of people playing)
-high baroque - homogenous
-soloist + orchestra
-3 movements

17

concerto grosso

-full ensemble
or
small group of soloists
-3 movements

18

early composers

Monteverdi, Frescobaldi, Caccini

19

middle composers

Lully, Carissimi, Buxtehude, Schutz

20

late composers

Bach, Handel, Corelli, Vivaldi, Couperin

21

lyric monody

-continuuo madrigal: solo voice and basso continuo
-airs: strophic/strophic variation

22

dramatic monody

-imitate speech
-many repeated notes
-avoidance of virtuosity

23

basso continuo

-composed bass line
-improvised harmonies

24

oratorians

-music=central to daily meetings
-sense of community/joy

25

Caccini (composer)

-singer/lutenist
-attended Florence Camerata
-works:
opera (Euridice)
solo madrigals (Le nuove musiche)

26

Monteverdi

-Student of Marc’ Antonio Ingegneri
-1601 - Maestro di Cappella Mantua
-1613 -Maestro di Cappella San Marco, Venice

27

Monteverdi: Orfeo

-Renaissance Styles: madrigals, dance music, canzonettas
-Baroque Styles: stile recitativo
-large, colorful orchestra

28

Incoronazione di Poppea

-music by Monteverdi and collaborators
-Libretto by Giovanni Francesco Busenello
-based on Roman Histories

29

Cavalli

-longer arias
-clear distinction between recite and aria

30

Scarletti

-da capo arias
-less expressive recitative
-regular alternation between recite and aria
-emphasis on aria