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Flashcards in Test 3 Flashcards Deck (109):
1

Emperor Justinian and his attendants Artist

Unknown

2

Emperor Justinian and his attendants Date and Period

Byzantine
c547

3

Emperor Justinian and his attendants Sigs

•Recalls the splendor of the Byzantine court
•Uses the Chi Rho which is the abbreviation for Christ's name
•Shows him practicing the eucharist

4

Virgin and Child with Saints and Angels Artist

Unknown

5

Virgin and Child with Saints and Angels Date and Period

Byzantine
second half of 6th century

6

Virgin and Child with Saints and Angels Sigs

•This is a theotokos image
•Theodore and George are known for battling dragons
•Icon is an aid in worship
•One of the few to survive iconoclasm

7

Christ Pantokrator Aritist

Unknown

8

Christ Pantokrator Date and Period

Byzantine
c1100

9

Christ Pantokrator Sigs

•Line on top of the chi-rho indicates importance
•Pantokrator means Christ as universal judge
•Dome is the focus of worship

10

Virgin of Vladimir Artist

Unknown

11

Virgin of Vladimir Date and Period

Byzantine
12th century

12

Virgin of Vladimir Sigs

•One of the few surviving icons from the period
•Thought to protect the people around her
•Marks a change toward a personal relationship with christ

13

Chi-Rho-Iota page Artist

Unknown

14

Chi-Rho-Iota page Date and Period

Early Medieval
late 8th or early 9th century

15

Chi-Rho-Iota page Sigs

•Most elaborately decorated book of its time
•Christ's name appears to explode off of the page
•Influence of cloisonné and interlace patterning
•Fusion of pagan and christian elements
•Abbreviations save time and money

16

Saint Matthew, Ebbo Gospels Artist

Unknown

17

Saint Matthew, Ebbo Gospels Date and Period

Early Medieval
second quarter of 9th century

18

Saint Matthew, Ebbo Gospels Sigs

•Combination of Roman with northern influence
•The focus is on emotion and energy
•This is a Carolingian piece

19

Crucifixion with Angels and Mourning Figures Artist

Unknown

20

Crucifixion with Angels and Mourning Figures Date and Period

Early Medieval
c870-880

21

Crucifixion with Angels and Mourning Figures Sigs

•One of the few surviving jeweled bible covers of its time
•Uses the repoussé technique
•Christ is shown as all powerful
•Shows Roman influence

22

Doors of Bishop Bernward Artist

Unknown

23

Doors of Bishop Bernward Date and Period

Early Medieval
1015

24

Doors of Bishop Bernward Sigs

•Most ambitious and complex bronze casting since antiquity
•Each door is one solid casting
•Old testament problems on the left, new testament resolutions on the right
•Showing the influence of Carolingian illustrations for bibles.

25

Gero Crucifix Artist

Unknown

26

Gero Crucifix Date and Period

Early Medieval
c970

27

Gero Crucifix Sigs

•One of the few works of art made of wood to survive this period
•Meant to give an emotional response
•Shows Byzantine influence
•Life size to help us relate

28

Speyer Cathedral Artist

Unknown

29

Speyer Cathedral Date and Period

Romanesque
c1080-1106

30

Speyer Cathedral Sigs

•Ancient Roman Influence
•Speyer Cathedral is the first to use groin vaults
•Tallest nave of its time
•Influence of Old Saint Peter's

31

Last Judgement Artist

Gislebertus

32

Last Judgement Date and Period

Romanesque
c1120-1130

33

Last Judgement Sigs

•Artist is known for his terrifying style
•Last judgements are popular for tympanums

34

Virgin and Child (Morgan Madonna) Afrtist

Unknown

35

Virgin and Child (Morgan Madonna) Date and Period

Romanesque
late 12th century

36

Virgin and Child (Morgan Madonna) Sigs

•Carried around during holy events
•One of the few surviving wood pieces from this period
•This is a theotokos
•Very stylized with rigid frontality
•Shows him wise beyond his years

37

Hildegard and Volmar Artist

Unknown

38

Hildegard and Volmar Date and Period

Romanesque
c1150-1175

39

Hildegard and Volmar Sigs

•She broke free from her gender's barriers
•First illustrated copy of this book
•Depicts her having a vision

40

Bayeaux Tapestry Artist

Unknown

41

Bayeaux Tapestry Date and Period

Romanesque
c1066-1082

42

Bayeaux Tapestry Sigs

•Documents the Norman conquest of England
•Women created the work
•Priceless cultural indicator
•Influence of ancient Greek friezes.

43

Chartres Cathedral Artist

Unknown

44

Chartres Cathedral Date and Period

Gothic
c1134

45

Chartres Cathedral Sigs

•Chartres is the first to be built with flying buttresses
•Controversial due to increasing taxes used to build it

46

Notre-Dame Cathedral Artist

Unknown

47

Notre-Dame Cathedral Date and Period

Gothic
1163

48

Notre-Dame Cathedral Sigs

•First to be built with a lot of flying buttresses
•Done in the early Gothic style
•Symbol of France

49

Visitation Artist

Unknown

50

Visitation Date and Period

Gothic
c1230

51

Visitation Sigs

•Recalls classical artwork
•They're interacting
•Individual features and personality

52

Sainte-Chapelle Artist

Unknown

53

Sainte-Chapelle Date and Period

Gothic
1239-1248

54

Sainte-Chapelle Sigs

•Meant to resemble a giant reliquary
•seven eighths of the structure is glass

55

Shrine of the Three Kings Artist

Nicholas of Verdun

56

Shrine of the Three Kings Date and Period

Gothic
c1190

57

Shrine of the Three Kings Sigs

•Holds the relics of the three kings
•One of the few remaining reliquaries
•It's a priceless artifact

58

Bayeaux Tapestry Date and Period

Romanesque
c1066-1082

59

Bayeaux Tapestry Sigs

•Documents the Norman conquest of England
•Women created the work
•Priceless cultural indicator
•Influence of ancient Greek friezes.

60

Chartres Cathedral Artist

Unknown

61

Chartres Cathedral Date and Period

Gothic
c1134

62

Chartres Cathedral Sigs

•Chartres is the first to be built with flying buttresses
•Controversial due to increasing taxes used to build it

63

Notre-Dame Cathedral Artist

Unknown

64

Notre-Dame Cathedral Date and Period

Gothic
1163

65

Notre-Dame Cathedral Sigs

•First to be built with a lot of flying buttresses
•Done in the early Gothic style
•Symbol of France

66

Visitation Artist

Unknown

67

Visitation Date and Period

Gothic
c1230

68

Visitation Sigs

•Recalls classical artwork
•They're interacting
•Individual features and personality

69

Sainte-Chapelle Artist

Unknown

70

Sainte-Chapelle Date and Period

Gothic
1239-1248

71

Sainte-Chapelle Sigs

•Meant to resemble a giant reliquary
•seven eighths of the structure is glass

72

Lamentation Sigs

•High level of emotion
•Makes us feel part of the scene
•Theme of sin and redemption
•Acknowledges that shadows have color

73

Shrine of the Three Kings Date and Period

Gothic
c1190

74

Shrine of the Three Kings Sigs

•Holds the relics of the three kings
•One of the few remaining reliquaries
•It's a priceless artifact

75

Bayeaux Tapestry Date and Period

Romanesque
c1066-1082

76

Bayeaux Tapestry Sigs

•Documents the Norman conquest of England
•Women created the work
•Priceless cultural indicator
•Influence of ancient Greek friezes.

77

Chartres Cathedral Artist

Unknown

78

Chartres Cathedral Date and Period

Gothic
c1134

79

Chartres Cathedral Sigs

•Chartres is the first to be built with flying buttresses
•Controversial due to increasing taxes used to build it

80

Notre-Dame Cathedral Artist

Unknown

81

Notre-Dame Cathedral Date and Period

Gothic
1163

82

Notre-Dame Cathedral Sigs

•First to be built with a lot of flying buttresses
•Done in the early Gothic style
•Symbol of France

83

Visitation Artist

Unknown

84

Visitation Date and Period

Gothic
c1230

85

Visitation Sigs

•Recalls classical artwork
•They're interacting
•Individual features and personality

86

Sainte-Chapelle Artist

Unknown

87

Sainte-Chapelle Date and Period

Gothic
1239-1248

88

Sainte-Chapelle Sigs

•Meant to resemble a giant reliquary
•seven eighths of the structure is glass

89

Shrine of the Three Kings Artist

Nicholas of Verdun

90

Shrine of the Three Kings Date and Period

Gothic
c1190

91

Shrine of the Three Kings Sigs

•Holds the relics of the three kings
•One of the few remaining reliquaries
•It's a priceless artifact

92

Virgin of Jeanne d’Evreaux Artist

Unknown

93

Virgin of Jeanne d’Evreaux Date and Period

14th Century
c1324-1339

94

Virgin of Jeanne d’Evreaux Sigs

•Mary is the ideal mother
•Owned by the queen of France
•Held a strand of Mary's hair
•Propaganda for France

95

Vesperbild Artist

Unknown

96

Vesperbild Date and Period

14th Century
c1330

97

Vesperbild Sigs

•Disturbing imagery
•Abstracting forms
•The pietá is the antithesis tot the theotokos

98

Virgin and Child Enthroned Artist

Cimabue

99

Virgin and Child Enthroned Date and Period

14th Century

100

Virgin and Child Enthroned Sigs

•One of the largest altarpieces of its time
•Byzantine influence
•Space is not believable
•Move toward naturalism

101

Virgin and Child Enthroned (student) Artist

Giotto Di Bondone

102

Virgin and Child Enthroned (student) Date and Period

14th Century
1305-1310

103

Virgin and Child Enthroned (student) Sigs

•Greater move toward naturalism
•Byzantine and classical influence
•Figure has believable weight and mass

104

Lamentation Artist

Giotto Di Bondone

105

Lamentation Date and Period

14th Century

106

Lamentation Sigs

•High level of emotion
•Makes us feel part of the scene
•Theme of sin and redemption
•Acknowledges that shadows have color

107

The Effects of Good Government Artist

Ambrogio Lorenzetti

108

The Effects of Good Government Date and Period

14th Century
1338-1339

109

The Effects of Good Government Sigs

•Promotes Siena as the ideal government
•Using intuitive perspective to create a sense of 3D
•Offers a warning about bad government