Test 3 Zita 2017 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 3 Zita 2017 Deck (11):
1

Which tetracyclines are eliminated in urine?

Short acting such as oxytetracycline.

2

What active substances would be used to treat Lawsonia intracellularis?

Tylosin + Tiamulin (Pleuromutilin).

3

When would you use tylosin?

Sus dysentery,
Mycoplasmosis,
Respiratory tract infections ( Sus, ru, poultry),
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO),
Lawsonia intracellularis(Sus),
Acute respiratory distress syndrome ( in small animals).

4

What is the contraindication of using xylazine as an anaesthetic?

- Do not use in later stages of pregnancy.
- Do not use in animals with oesophageal obstruction, and torsion of stomach as m relaxant properties of drug appear to accentuate the effects of obstruction and because of possible vomiting.
- Do not use in animals with renal or hepatic failure, respiratory dysfunction, cardiac abnormalities, hypotension and/or shock; do not use in diabetics.
- Do not use in animals suffering of an urethral obstruction or a rupture of the bladder.
- Do not use in foals + calves younger than 2 weeks or in puppies + kittens younger than 6 weeks.

5

When would you use neomycin?

- Treatment of enteritis.
- Mastitis + Metritis.
- Dermatitis + UTI.
- Septicaemia.
- Eye + ear infections.

6

What are the side effects with combination of xylazine and ketamine?

- M. tension.
- Cardiac depression.
- Respiratory depression.
- Vomiting ( Cats).

7

Name the special things about Doxycycline.

- Excellent absorption.
- Excellent distribution IC + penetration of special barriers.

8

What do you use to treat R. Equi?

Erythromycin.

9

When do you use Gentamycin?

Respiratory tract infection, UTI, GI infection, Septicaemia, mastitis, metritis, Intramammary inflammation, dermatitis, against P. aeruginosa.

10

Side effects of Tetracyclines.

- Oral infection (Fe).
- GI disturbances (vomiting + diarrhoea).
- Dysbacteriosis.
- IV administration may cause hypocalcaemia, hypotension, shock + collapse.
- Tissue necrosis.
- Yellow discoloration of teeth in growing animals.
- Hepatotocivity, nephrotoxicity, photosensitivity.

11

In which cases do you use lincosamides?

Lincomycin: Respiratory tract infection, soft tissue infection, systemic infections, mastits, metritis, Sus dysentery, mycoplasmosis.
Clindamycin: oral cavity infection, dermatitis, abscesses, anal sacculitis, osteomyelitis, respiratory infection, toxoplasmosis.