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Flashcards in Test Deck (45):
1

Vulgate

St. Jerome's Latin translation of the Bible

2

neophyte

newly baptized

3

Gnostic

heresy of "secret knowledge"

4

St. Helena

Mother of Constantine, "pilgrimages", relic of the true cross

5

sacraments of initiation

baptism, communion, confirmation

6

Pontifex Maximus

The greatest bridge builder

7

Edict of Milan

Granted religious freedom

8

belief

creed

9

vandals

One of the most destructive nomadic tribes- adopted Ariansim

10

Apostolic See

Holy See--term used for papacy

11

arianism

Heresy denying Jesus is truly God

12

Nicene Creed

Summary of essential Christian beliefs

13

ecumenical council

A meeting which all bishops of the world and the pope attend to address concerns of the Church

14

COUNCIL OF NICEA

325 - MEETING OF BISHOPS - THAT CONDEMNED ARIANISM AND FORMULATED THE NICENE CREED.

15

CLOISTERED

LITERALLY 'BEHIND WALLS'-WOMEN AND MEN RELIGIOUS WHO LIVE WITHIN A MONASTERY

16

DESERT FATHER

monks who went to the desert in Africa to sacrifice and pray

17

Huns

Tribe originating in China--one of the last Barbarian groups to invade Western Europe

18

Manicheans

cult that viewed reality as a constant struggle between spirit (good) and matter (evil)

19

Visigoths

Germanic tribe who settled primarily in Spain; the first such group to lay seige to Rome.

20

RCIA

Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults

21

Ambrose

Bishop of Milan, convert, guided Monica, baptized Augustine

22

mystagogy

unfolding the mystery -period after a catechumen was baptized

23

baptism

to plunge or immerse

24

Romans 13

passage that Augustine was told to take up and read

25

Book written by Augustine --not his autobiography

City of God

26

Augustine framed the idea of _________that is still used today

JUST WAR

27

Ignatius of Antioch

used the word "catholic" for the first time in 101 A.D.

28

Lapsi

Apostates or those under pressure of death denied Christ by worshipping false gods

29

Emperor Decius

249 A.D. Ordered savage persecution of Christians

30

Sponsors, mentors, catechists

helped the catechumens toward the goal of Christian living and baptism

31

IN HOC SIGNO VINCA

"In this sign you will conquer"

32

Caesaropapism

he interference of civil authorities in church affairs

33

schism

splitting apart

34

Orthodox Church -Byzantine

Catholic Church in EAST

35

312

Edict of Milan

36

325

Council of Nicea

37

"Begotten NOT MADE ONE IN BEING WITH THE FATHER"

Key phrase ---repudiation of Arianism---Consubstantial

38

66 A.D.

Nero's Fire

39

70-100

Gospels Written

40

42

Martyrdom of Stephen

41

50

Council of Jerusalem/"Christians"

42

64-67

Martyrdom of peter and Paul during Nero's persecution

43

Fathers of the Church

A designation for Church leaders during the early centuries of Christianity whose teachings collectively helped to formulate Christian doctrine and practice.

44

Saint Anthony of Egypt

Founder of Monasticism--biography written by St. Athanasius-first Desert Father @250-355

45

pilgrimage

Journey to a sacred shrine by Christians seeking to show their piety, fulfill vows, or gain absolution for sins. Other religions also have pilgrimage traditions, such as the Muslim journey to Mecca.