Test 4- Hip Joint & Pelvic Girdle Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 4- Hip Joint & Pelvic Girdle Deck (96):
1

The hip joints are relatively stable due to:

• Bony architecture
• Strong ligaments
• Large supportive muscles

2

What is another name for the hip joint?

Acetabular femoral

3

What does the hip joint allow you to do?

- Functions in weight bearing & locomotion
• Ability to run, cross-over cut, side-step cut, jump, & many other directional changes

4

Bones in the hip joint:

Femur
Pelvic girdle
Sacrum

5

Longest bone in body

Femur

6

What does the pelvic girdle consist of?

Ilium
Ischium
Pubis

7

What joins right & left together posteriorly?

Sacrum

8

• Extension of spinal column with 5 fused vertebrae
• Extending inferiorly is the coccyx

Sacrum

9

Hole in femur head is to:

Provide blood supply

10

What type of joint is your hip joint?

Diarthrodial (synovial) ball & socket

11

What movements can your hip joint perform?

• Flexion & extension
• Abduction & adduction
• Internal & external rotation
• Horizontal abduction / horizontal adduction
Circumduction

12

Stabilizing structure ligaments in the hip joint:

Iliofermoral
Pubofemoral
Ischiofemoral

13

Joints:
• Two pelvic bones join to form symphysis pubis, amphiarthrodial

Anteriorly

14

Joints:
• Sacrum is between the 2 pelvic bones & forms the sacroiliac joints
• Strong ligaments unite these bones to form rigid, slightly movable joints

Posteriorly

15

• Strong ligaments
• Small backward-forward movement

Sacroiliac (SI) Joint

16

Hip flexion: how many degrees?

• Movement of the anterior femur toward the anterior pelvis -->0-130°

17

Hip extension: how many degrees?

• Movement of the posterior femur toward the posterior pelvis--->0-30°

18

Hip abduction and adduction: how many degrees?

0-35
0-30

19

Hip internal rotation & hip external rotation: how many degrees

0-45
0-50

20

Muscles involved in hip & pelvic girdle motions depend largely on direction of movement and ________________ in relation to earth & _____________

position of body
gravitational forces

21

Origin of the psoas major:

Bodies and transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae

22

Insertion of the psoas major:

Lesser trochanter

23

Action of the psoas major:

• Origin Fixed
- Flex the hip
-May laterally rotate the hip
• Insertion Fixed
- Flex the trunk
- Tilt the pelvis
• Unilaterally
- Assist to laterally flex the lumbar spine

24

Creates tension
Rotator cuff of the hip
Stabilizes lumbar vertebrae
Is like your core

Psoas major

25

Origin of the psoas minor:

Body and transverse process of first lumbar vertebra

26

Insertion of psoas minor:

Superior ramus of pubis

27

Action of psoas minor:

• Assist to create lordotic curvature in lumbar spine
• Tilt pelvis posteriorly

28

Abset in 60% of people

Psoas minor

29

Origin of the iliacus:

Iliac fossa

30

Insertion of the iliacus:

Lesser trochanter

31

Action of the iliacus:

• Origin fixed
- Flex the hip
- Laterally rotate the hip
• Insertion Fixed
- Flex the trunk
- Tilt pelvis anteriorly

32

Origin of Sartorius:

Anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS)

33

Insertion of the Sartorius:

Proximal, medial shaft of the tibia at pes anserinus tendon

34

Action of the Sartorius:

• Flex the hip
• Laterally rotate the hip
• Abduct the hip
• Flex the knee
• Medially rotate the flexed knee

35

Psoas major importance:

stability
posture
kinetic chain issues

36

Origin of the rectus femoris:

Anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)

37

Insertion of the rectus femoris:

Tibial tuberosity (via the patella and patellar ligament)

38

Action of the rectus femoris:

• Flex the hip
• Extend the knee

39

Origin of the tensor fasciae latae:

Iliac crest, posterior to ASIS

40

Insertion of the tensor fasciae latae:

Iliotibial tract

41

Action of the tensor fasciae latae:

• Flex the hip
• Medially rotate the hip
• Abduct the hip

42

Gluteal group:

Gluteus maximus
Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus

43

Origin of gluteus maximus:

Coccyx, edge of sacrum, posterior iliac crest, sacrotuberous and sacroiliac ligaments

44

Insertion of the gluteus maximus:

Iliotibial tract (upper fibers) and gluteal tuberosity (lower fibers)

45

Action of the gluteus maximus:

• All fibers
- Hip extension
- Hip external rotation
- Hip abduction

• Lower Fibers
- Adduct the hip

46

Origin of gluteus medius:

Gluteal surface of ilium, between posterior and anterior gluteal lines, just below the iliac crest

(INFERIOR TO THE ILLIAC CREST)

47

Insertion of the gluteus medius:

Lateral aspect of greater trochanter

48

Action of gluteus medius:

• All fibers
- Abduct the hip

• Anterior fibers
- Flex the hip
- Medially rotate the hip

• Posterior fibers
- Extend the hip
- Laterally rotate the hip

49

Origin of gluteus minimus:

Gluteal surface of the ilium between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines

50

Insertion of gluteus minimus:

Anterior aspect of the greater trochanter

51

Action of the gluteus minimus:

• Abduct the hip
• Medially rotate the hip
• Flex the hip

52

3 Parts of the hamstring:

• Semitendinosus
• Semimembranosus
• Biceps femoris

53

Insertion of the semitendinous:

Ischial tuberosity

54

Insertion of the semitendinousus:

Proximal, medial shaft of the tibia at pes anserinus tendon

55

Action of the semitendinosus:

• Flex the knee
• Medially rotate the flexed knee
• Extend the hip
• Tilt the pelvis anteriorly

56

Origin of the semimembranosus:

Ischial tuberosity

57

Insertion of the semitendinosus:

Posterior aspect of medial condyle of tibia

58

Action of the semimembanosus:

• Flex the knee
• Medially rotate the flexed knee
• Extend the hip
• Assist to medially rotate the hip
• Tilt the pelvis anteriorly

59

Origin of biceps femoris:

• Long head
• Ischial tuberosity
• Short head
• Lateral lip of linea aspera

60

Insertion of the biceps femoris:

Head of the fibula

61

Action of the biceps femoris:

• Flex the knee
• Laterally rotate the flexed knee
• Tilt the pelvis anteriorly
• Long head
- Extend the hip
- Assist to laterally rotate the hip

62

Adductors:

• Adductor brevis • Adductor longus • Adductor magnus • Gracilis • Pectineus

63

Origin of the adductor brevis:

Inferior ramus of pubis

64

Insertion of the adductor brevis:

Pectineal line and medial lip of linea aspera

65

Action of the adductor brevis:

• Adduct the hip
• Medially rotate the hip
• Assist to flex the hip

66

Origin of the adductor longus:

Pubic tubercle

67

Insertion of the adductor longus:

Medial lip of linea aspera

68

Action of the adductor longus:

• Adduct the hip
• Medially rotate the hip
• Assist to flex the hip

69

Origin of the adductor magnus:

Inferior ramus of the pubis, ramus of ischium and ischial tuberosity

70

Insertion of the adductor magnus:

Medial lip of linea aspera and adductor tubercle

71

Action of the adductor magnus:

• Adduct the hip
• Medially rotate the hip
• Assist flex the hip
• Posterior fibers
- Extend the hip

72

Origin of the gracilis:

Inferior ramus of pubis

73

Insertion of the gracilis:

Proximal, medial shaft of tibia at pes anserinus tendon

74

Action of the gracilis:

• Adduct the hip
• Medially rotate the hip
• Flex the knee
• Medially rotate the flexed knee

75

Origin of the pectineus:

Superior ramus of pubis

76

Insertion of the pectineus:

Pectineal line of femur

77

Action of the pectineus:

• Adduct the hip
• Medially rotate the hip
• Assist to flex the hip

78

Deep external rotators:

• Gluteus minimus
• Piriformis
• Gemellus (sup/inf)
• Obturator (internus/externus)
• Quadratus femoris

79

Origin of the piriformis:

Anterior surface of sacrum

80

Insetion of the piriformis:

Superior aspect of greater trochanter

81

Action of the piriformis:

• Laterally rotate the hip
• Abduct the hip when the hip is flexed

82

Origin of the gemellus superior:

Ischial spine

83

Insertion of the gemellus superior:

Medial surface of greater trochanter

84

Action of the gemellus superior:

Laterally rotate the hip

85

Origin of the gemellus inferior:

Ischial tuberosity

86

Insertion of the gemellus inferior:

Medial surface of greater trochanter

87

Action of the gemellus inferior:

Laterall rotate the hip

88

Origin of the obturator externus:

Rami of pubis, ischium, obturator membrane

89

Insertion of the obturator externus:

Trochanteric fossa of femus

90

Action of the obturator externus:

Laterally rotate the hip

91

Origin of the obturator internus:

Obturator membrane and inferior surface of obturator foramen

92

Insertion of the obturator internus:

Medial surface of the greater trochanter

93

Action of the obturator internus:

Laterally rotate the hip

94

Origin of the quadratus femoris:

Lateral border of ischial tuberosity

95

Insertion of the quadratus femoris:

Intertrochanteric crest, between the great and lesser trochante

96

Action of the quadratus femoris:

Laterally rotate the hip