Test #4 Normal Lab Values and Medications Flashcards Preview

Adult Health 2 > Test #4 Normal Lab Values and Medications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test #4 Normal Lab Values and Medications Deck (29):
1

What is normal GFR?

125 ml/min. The lower it gets, the worse your kidneys are functioning.

2

What is the normal level of protein in the urine?

Protein >0.8mg/dL

3

Minimum urine output an hour

30 ml

4

Normal BUN

10-20

5

Creatinine

0.5 - 1.2

6

Urine Osmolarity

300 - 900

7

BUN/Creat Ratio

Just know- It increases related to dehydration.

If you do not have an increase in the ratio, but you do have an increase in both BUN and Creatinine, you start to be concerned about renal impairment.

8

Normal Urine pH

4.5 to 8

9

Urine Specific Gravity

1.005 to 1.030

10

Normal Glucose level on UA

Neg or None

11

Normal Nitrates, Keytones, WBC, or Bacteria on UA

Should Be neg or none

12

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)-

No crush/chew because interferes with extended release.

Do not take within 2 hours of taking an antacid because interferes with absorption.

13

Levofloxacin (Levaquin)

Teach Monitor Radial Pulse and Use sunscreen.

14

Amoxicillin (Amoxil)-

Use Another form of birth control if taking oral contraceptives.

Decreases its effectiveness of the contraception.

Take with food

15

Nitrofurantoin (Macrobid)-

This med is hard on the kidney so Drink full glass of water with each dose.

Consume 3L of water daily,

Don't use during last month of pregnancy,

Take with food.

16

Phenazopyridine (Pyridium)-

Decreases bladder pain and burning by exerting a local anesthetic effect on the mucosa of the urinary tract.

Does not have any antibacterial actions.

Urine will turn red/orange.

Can cause GI problems so take with food.

17

Oxybutynin (Ditropan)-

Monitor if patient has Glaucoma.

Increase patients fluid intake.

18

Propantheline (Pro-Banthine)-

Monitor I&O.

19

Tolterodine (Detrol)-

Increase fluid and fiber intake.

Causes constipation.

20

Hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL) Hypercalciuria-

Dizziness Orthostatic Hypotension.

Pulls off fluid so need to dangle them, make sure they are getting enough fluids.

21

Chlorothiazide (Diuril)-

Dizziness Orthostatic Hypotension.

Pulls off fluid so need to dangle them, make sure they are getting enough fluids.

22

Allopurinol (Zyloprim) Hyperoxaluria-

Take with food.

Can cause Drowsiness.

Give if uric acid problems.

23

Acetohydroxamic Acid (Lithostat)-

Take on empty stomach.

Avoid Alcohol.

Monitor Kidney Function (creatinine) After 2 they will stop this med. .

(Used for Struvite stones)

Long term monitoring for urine infections.

24

What pain medications are very safe for Kidney Patients

They can have Oxycontin and Dilaudid.

Very Safe are Fentynal and Methadones.

25

What pain medications do kidney patients need to avoid?

Need to avoid NSAID’s because reduce kidney blood flow.

Anything that contains aspirin over the counter such as Alka Seltzer.

Avoid Morphine, Demerol and Codeine. (With Kidney problems as a whole)

26

Normal INR

.7 - 1.8

27

Normal Sodium

135-145

28

Normal Potassium

3.5 - 5

29

Normal BUN

10-20