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Flashcards in Test 4 Study Guide Deck (81)
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0

How does the textbook define family?

A set of people related by blood, marriage or some other agreed-on relationship, or adoption, who share the primary responsibility for reproduction and caring for members of society.

2

A woman and her husband, her children, her parents, her mother-in-law, her sister, a parakeet, yow Irish setters, a cow, and five chicken live together on a farm in the mid-west. This is an example of a....

Extended family.

3

Tibetan women may have more than one husband simultaneously, which allows for sons to share....

The limited amount of good land.

4

A married couple and their unmarried children living together constitutes a....

Nuclear family.

5

A man and his wife and their children, along with five Chinese shar-pies, four siamese cats, eight parakeets, two ducks, a goat, and a dozen tropical fish, live on a pretty piece of land in Woodstock, Vermont. They are an example of....

A nuclear family.

6

A married couple and their children and other relatives--such as grandparents, aunts, or uncles---living together in the same household constitutes a....

Extended family.

7

Monogamy refers to a form of marriage in which....

One woman and one man are married only to each other.

8

Ted and Tonya have married to each other foe three weeks. This is an example of....

A monogamy marriage.

9

A form of marriage in which a person can have several spouses in his or her lifetime but only one spouse at a time is called....

Serial marriage.

10

Steve and Mary are married and then get a divorce. Steve then marries Rachel, and they get a divorce, too. Steve remarries Mary and lives with her until she dies. After Mary's death Steve marries Beth and lives with her until his death. Steve's life would be an example of...

Serial monogamy.

11

What is the general term for a marriage in which an individual can have several husbands or wives at the same time?

Polygamy.

12

In some forms of polygamy men often marry a woman and her...

Sister.

13

The Oneida community exisisted in New York State from 1840-1880, and its members were all married to one another--that is, all the men in the community were married to all the women, and all the women were married to all the men. This would be an example of...

Polygamy.

14

Anthropologist George Murdock sampled 565 societies and found that over ____ percent of then had some type of polygamy.

80 %

15

Which term refers to the marriage of a man to more than one woman at the same time

Polygamy.

16

Some Tibetans and the Toda tribe of India practiced female infanticide, which led to a shortage of adult women. As a result, a family was often composed of a group of brothers and a wife, whom they shared. This is an example of....

Polyandry.

17

The ___perspective would suggests hat polyandry us cultures devalue the social worth of women.

Feminist perspective.

18

Only about ___percent of families in the U.S. are nuclear in composition.

50%

19

The practice of polygamy steadily ___ through out the twentieth century.

Declined.

20

Polyandry us cultures ___the social worth of women.

Devalue.

21

The family is a ____unit.

Household

22

Kin do not always live________________ .

Together or function as a collective body on a daily basis.

23

The ______ pattern of descent is most typical in the U.S.

Bilateral

24

Patrilineal descent refers to a ________

( from Latin pater-, "father")
Only the fathers relatives are significant in terms of property, inheritance, and emotional ties.

25

Males are expected to dominate family decision making in a ____

Patriarchy.

26

A kinship system that favors the relatives or the mother is based on______ descent.

Matrilineal descent.

27

A matriarchy is a society in which women hold greater ________ than men.

Significance

28

Matriarchies emerged among Native- American tribal societies and in nations in which men were often engaged in ________ and _________ for long periods of time while food gathering.

Warfare and absent

29

In some hunting and gathering societies, men are away from home for Long periods of time. As a result, it is not unusual to find that the women are fully responsible for the household and for making most of the major family decisions. In these societies, which pattern of authority is evident?

Matriarchy

30

In which type of authority pattern are the adult members of the family regarded as equals?

Egalitarian family