test 48- disorders of the digestive system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in test 48- disorders of the digestive system Deck (14):
1

because the muscles of the diaphragm are weak, a small part of the stomach has come through it.

hiatus hernia

2

what we're going to do is remove the part of the stomach which is diseased.

partial gastrectomy

3

the combination of alcohol and smoking is causing inflammation of the stomach lining.

gastritis

4

the acids in the stomach have attacked the stomach lining and burrowed into the wall.

peptic ulcer

5

the liver has been seriously damaged by too much alcohol.

cirrhosis

6

this is a small sac between the pancreas and the stomach which has filled with fluid.

pseudocyst

7

a gall stone from the gallbladder has become stuck in the narrow tube and caused infection of the bile duct.

cholangitis

8

because of the long history of problems with gallstones, it would be best to remove the gallbladder.

cholecystectomy

9

some parts of the intestine have narrowed and some parts are inflamed and this means that food is not being properly absorbed.

crohn's disease

10

little pouches have been pushed through weak parts of the intestinal wall and become infected and swollen.

diverticulitis

11

the barium X-ray shows that the intestine is normal. a change of diet may help relieve the feelings of bloating, wind and discomfort.

irritable bowel syndrome

12

we're going to pass a thin, flexible tube through the back passage so we can see what's causing blood in the faeces.

colonoscopy

13

the intestine has become a bit twisted and is now blocked.

volvulus

14

these are swollen blood vessels that are protruding from the lining of the rectum.

haemorrhoids