test 49- disorders of the skeletal system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in test 49- disorders of the skeletal system Deck (17):
1

a break in a bone.

fracture

2

a crack in the surface of a bone.

fissure

3

with this kind of break, bones are forced from their normal anatomical position.

displaced

4

following a break, this may be used to stop bones moving.

cast

5

this can be used together with screws when a bone is badly broken in several places.

metal plate

6

the force used to pull bones back into alignment.

traction

7

there is a loss of this as people grow older.

bone mass

8

osteomalacia in children is known as this.

rickets

9

this disease is also known as osteitis deformans.

paget's

10

osteoarthritis in the spine is the erosion of these intervertebral structures.

discs

11

an abnormal curve of the spine may be due to this.

bad posture

12

this injury is usually the result of a car accident when the neck is suddenly forced forward and then backward.

whiplash

13

the injury is the partial tearing of a ligament.

sprain

14

a drastic shift of two bone ends out of their normal position.

dislocation

15

with this condition uric acid collects in a synovial joint forming crystals.

gout

16

an artificial joint.

prosthesis

17

a surgeon performing a hip joint replacement operation uses this instrument to shape the cavity in the pelvic bone for the femoral head.

reamer